Newark Liberty International Airport

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Newark Liberty International Airport
IATA: EWR - ICAO: KEWR
Summary

<tr><th colspan="2" align="left" valign="top">Airport type</th><td colspan="2" valign="top">Public</td></tr><tr><th colspan="2" align="left" valign="top">Operator</th><td colspan="2" valign="top">Port Authority of New York and New Jersey</td></tr><tr><th colspan="2" align="left" valign="top">Serves</th><td colspan="2" valign="top">Newark, New Jersey</td></tr>

Elevation AMSL 18 ft (5.5 m)
Coordinates 40°41′31.98″N, 74°10′7.2″W
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 11,000 3,353 Asphalt/Concrete
4R/22L 10,000 3,048 Asphalt
11/29 6,800 2,072 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Size Surface
ft m
H1 40 12 Concrete

Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWRICAO: KEWR), formerly known as Newark International Airport, is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. It is about 15 miles south west of New York City.

The airport is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which manages the three other major airports in New York's and New Jersey's metropolitan area, John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), LaGuardia Airport, Teterboro Airport, and the Downtown Manhattan Heliport. Newark is the fifth busiest international air gateway to the United States; JFK ranks first. [1]

Newark is the second-largest hub for Continental Airlines, which is the airport's largest tenant (operating all of Terminal C and part of Terminal A). United Airlines and FedEx operate cargo hubs.

In 2005 Newark Airport handled approximately 33 million passengers; JFK handled about 41 million and LaGuardia about 26 million, making for a total of approximately 100 million travelers using New York's airports. With these numbers, this makes New York's airspace surpass that of Chicago's to become the busiest in the US.

Contents

[edit] History

Newark Airport was the first major airport in the New York area: it opened on October 1, 1928, occupying an area of reclaimed marshland in New Jersey.

In 1935, Amelia Earhart dedicated the Newark Airport Administration Building, which was North America's first commercial airline terminal (Croydon Aerodrome, south of London, was the world's first, predating Newark by 7 years). Newark was the busiest airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in 1939, dividing New York's air traffic and allowing Midway Airport to take the lead. Newark was temporarily closed to passenger traffic and taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations during World War II.

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey took over the airport in 1948 and made major investments in airport infrastructure, opening new runways and hangars and revamping the airport's terminal layout. Airline traffic resumed that year. The art deco Administration Building served as the main terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

In the 1970s the airport underwent a significant enlargement, including the construction of the current Terminals A, B, and C, and was renamed Newark International Airport. Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal. The main building of Terminal C was completed at the same time, but only metal framing work was done on the terminal's satellites, and it lay dormant until the mid-1980s, when for a brief time a small portion of the terminal was used for People Express' international arrivals. Terminal C was fully completed and opened to the public in June, 1988.

Underutilized throughout the 1970s, Newark expanded dramatically in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal as both its air terminal and corporate office in 1981 and began operations at Newark that year. It quickly rose to become one of the largest American airlines, steadily increasing Newark's traffic in the first half of the 1980s. Virgin Atlantic Airways began flights from Newark to London in 1984, challenging JFK's status as New York's international gateway (however, Virgin Atlantic now has more flights going out of JFK than out of Newark). When People Express was merged into Continental in 1987, the now-demolished North Terminal was shuttered forever. Newark, however, remained a hub for Continental, which operated out of Terminal B until the opening of Terminal C in 1988.

Today, Continental has its Global Gateway at Terminal C, having completed a major expansion project that included the construction of a new, third concourse and a new Federal Inspection Services facility. With its Newark hub, Continental is the largest provider of air service to the New York metropolitan area.

Image:Ewr flag2.jpg
A flag flies over Gate A17. United Airlines Flight 93 pushed back from this gate at 8:01 am on September 11, 2001. Two hours later it would crash into a field in Pennsylvania.
On September 11, 2001, United Airlines Flight 93, on its way from Newark to San Francisco International Airport, crashed into a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania when passengers took over the plane from a team of hijackers. Based on the direction that the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, DC, such as the Capitol or White House. In memory of this event, the airport's name was changed from Newark International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport. This name was chosen over the initial proposal, Liberty International Airport at Newark, and refers to the landmark Statue of Liberty, just 7 miles east of the airport. Despite the name change few locals call it by its new name. The name most often used by locals is "Newark Airport" or simply "Newark".
Further information: September 11 Terrorist Attacks

In 2003, Newark Liberty International Airport became the terminus of the world's longest non-stop scheduled airline route, Continental's service to Hong Kong. In 2004, Singapore Airlines broke Continental's record by starting direct 18-hour flights to Singapore from Newark. In 2005, Continental commenced flight from Newark to Beijing on June 15, 2005 and New Delhi on November 1, 2005: when these services began, Continental became for a time the only airline to serve India nonstop from the United States, and the second U.S. carrier, after United, to serve mainland China nonstop.

[edit] Facilities

Newark Liberty International Airport covers 2,027 acres and has three runways and one helipad:

  • Runway 4L/22R: 11,000 x 150 ft. (3,353 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt/Concrete
  • Runway 4R/22L: 10,000 x 150 ft. (3,048 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 11/29: 6,800 x 150 ft. (2,073 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Helipad H1: 40 x 40 ft. (12 x 12 m), Surface: Concrete

Most departing traffic uses Runway 4L/22R. Most arriving traffic uses 04R/22L.

[edit] Terminals

Newark Liberty International Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have a three-story layout, with departures on the top floor, arrivals on the middle floor, and flight operations on the ground floor. Terminal C, completed in 1988, has two departures levels, one for international check-in and one for domestic check-in, with the gates and food and shopping outlets located on a mezzanine between the two check-in floors. It's worth noting that extensive renovations were completed in Terminal C from 1998-2003. The baggage claim area was renovated, and turned into a second departure level, splitting departures into International Floor/Domestic Floor, a third Concourse was added, an International Arrivals facility was added, and a 3,400 space parking garage, and new baggage processing facilities were added, including turning the former underground parking area into a new baggage claim (Which was a great use of space, as parking had been prohibited underneath the terminal as a security measure after the first attack on the World Trade Center in 1993.)

Each terminal is subdivided into three numbered concourses: Terminal A, for instance, is divided into concourses A1, A2, and A3. Gate numbering is continuous through all the terminals.

[edit] Terminal A

Terminal A is the only terminal at Newark not fitted with immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries (except Canada) cannot use Terminal A, although some departing international flights use the terminal.

[edit] Terminal B

[edit] Terminal C

  • Continental Airlines
    • Domestic: Aguadilla, Albuquerque, Austin, Buffalo, Cleveland, Columbus, Daytona Beach, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Eagle/Vail/Beaver Creek/Aspen Valley, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Manchester (NH), Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montrose/Telluride, New Orleans, Orange County, Orlando, Phoenix, Ponce, Portland (OR), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Sarasota, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Thomas, Tampa, Tucson, West Palm Beach
    • International: Acapulco, Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Barcelona, Beijing, Belfast, Belize City, Berlin-Tegel, Bermuda, Birmingham (UK), Bogotá, Bonaire [begins December 16, 2006] Bristol (UK), Brussels, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Calgary [seasonal], Cancún, Caracas, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Cozumel, Delhi, Dublin, Edinburgh, Frankfurt, Freeport, Geneva, Glasgow, Grand Cayman, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Halifax, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Kingston, Liberia, Lima, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Los Cabos, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Milan-Malpensa, Montego Bay, Nassau, Oranjestad, Oslo, Panama City, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Port of Spain, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Roatán [begins December 16, 2006], Rome-Fiumicino, St. Maarten, San José (CR), San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santiago, Santo Domingo, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Shanghai-Pudong [begins March 25, 2007/ Pending Gov't Approval], Shannon, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Willemstad, Zürich)
  • Continental Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines (Albany, Asheville, Baltimore/Washington, Bangor, Birmingham (AL), Buffalo, Burlington, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Columbia, Columbus, Dayton, Detroit, Fayetteville (AR), Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville (SC), Halifax, Hartford, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Knoxville, Lexington, Little Rock, Louisville, Madison, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ottawa, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Sarasota, Savannah, St. John's, St. Louis, Syracuse, Toronto-Pearson, Tulsa)
  • US Helicopter (New York-JFK, Downtown Manhattan Heliport)

[edit] Ground Transportation

[edit] AirTrain

Newark is an intermodal airport. A monorail system, AirTrain Newark, connects the terminals with the Newark Liberty International Airport Rail Link Station for connection to Amtrak and New Jersey Transit service. Passengers can use this connection to travel directly from EWR to any station along the Northeast Corridor, including regional transit hubs such as New York City's Pennsylvania Station.

Continental Airlines uses this rail connection to book passengers through Newark to 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Wilmington Station in Wilmington, Delaware, Penn Station in New York City, Stamford Station in Stamford, Connecticut, and Union Station in New Haven, Connecticut.

The monorail is free for use between all stations, however passengers wishing to exit or enter the Rail Link station must pay a $5.50 fee. NJ Transit tickets sold by ticket windows and vending machines originating or terminating at the Rail Link station (denoted as ** EWR ** on their tickets) automatically include the $5.50 fee. Tickets purchased onboard a train will not allow passengers to enter the Rail Link station; they will have to pay the fee at the station.

[edit] Other Connections

Numerous bus services run between Newark Liberty and nearby population centers, including New Jersey Transit, Airporter, and Olympia Trails. Express buses to Manhattan transit hubs (Grand Central Terminal, Port Authority Bus Terminal, etc.) cost $13. There is also bus service to JFK Airport, which costs $23.

The airport is also served by a number of New Jersey Transit buses. Routes 40 and 62 provide local service from downtown Newark, including Newark Penn Station, at a fare of $1.25. Route 67 provides local service from Lakewood and Toms River.

The New Jersey Turnpike has 2 exits that allow motorists to gain access to Newark Liberty International Airport. Those exits are 13A and 14.

Taxis also operate from the airport at flat rates based on destination. From the City of New York, fares are set by New York City's Taxi and Limousine Commission. From New York City, the taxi fare shall be the metered rate plus a surcharge of $15.00 plus the cost of round trip tolls. This is approximately $40 to $75 depending on the exact origin. Newark Liberty is the only exception to the rule that a New York City taxi driver may refuse to take a passenger to any destination outside the five boroughs.

From Newark Airport to Manhattan, the taxi fare is a set fee plus round trip tolls. From Newark Airport to

  • Battery Park to West 34th Street: $40.00
  • West 35th Street to West 58th Street: $45.00
  • West 59th Street to West 109th Street: $50.00
  • West 110th Street to West 185th Street: $55.00
  • North of 185th Street: $60.00
  • New York / LaGuardia Airport: $65.00
  • New York / Kennedy Airport: $75.00

There is an additional charge of $5.00 for all destinations on the east side of Manhattan between Battery Park and 185th Street.

Continental Airlines also books passengers via bus to Lehigh Valley International Airport in Allentown, Pennsylvania, a 90-minute trip.

[edit] Airport Information

Airport information can be obtained in several ways both before traveling to the airport and while there. In addition to the Web site listed below, travelers may call the airport at +1-973-961-6000 or from within the United States and Canada, toll-free at 888-EWR-INFO (397-4636).

In the immediate vicinity of the airport, parking and other information can be obtained by tuning to a highway advisory radio station at 530 AM.

Newark Airport, along with LaGuardia and Kennedy airports, uses a uniform style of signing throughout the airport properties. Yellow signs direct passengers to airline gates, ticketing and other flight services; green signs direct passengers to ground transportation services, and black signs lead to restrooms, telephones and other passenger amenities.

Former New York City traffic reporter, Bernie Wagenblast provides the voice for the airport's phone system, radio station and curbside announcements, as well as the messages heard onboard AirTrain Newark and in its stations.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

es:Aeropuerto Internacional Libertad de Newark fr:Aéroport international Newark Liberty id:Bandara Internasional Newark Liberty ja:ニューアーク国際空港 no:Newark Liberty International Airport pl:Port lotniczy Newark Liberty sv:Newark Liberty International Airport

Newark Liberty International Airport

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