New York Cosmos

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New York Cosmos
Full nameNew York Cosmos
Nickname(s) The Mo's, Cosmos
Founded 19711985
Ground Giants Stadium
Capacity 80,000
League North American Soccer League
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Home colours
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Away colours

For the South African club, see Jomo Cosmos

The New York Cosmos (1971-1985), known simply as the Cosmos for the 1977 and 1978 seasons, was a franchise in the North American Soccer League, based in New York City and its suburbs. Founded by the Ertegun brothers, it was one of the stronger NASL franchises, both athletically and financially. In its later years it became somewhat renowned for signing the great Brazilian player Pelé, who though past his prime, was nonetheless one of the team's, and the league's, top gate draws during his tenure with the Cosmos. The NASL folded after the 1984 season, but the Cosmos attempted to operate as an independent team in 1985 before they folded.

The name was coined by Clive Toye, the club's first General Manager. Taking inspiration from a New York baseball franchise the "Mets," short for "Metropolitans," he took it a step further: Cosmopolitans, or "Cosmos."

Famous players to play for the club include Carlos Alberto, Franz Beckenbauer, Vladislav Bogićević, Giorgio Chinaglia, Rick Davis, Marinho Chagas, Andranik Eskandarian, Johan Neeskens, Werner Roth, Julio Cesar Romero, Roberto Cabanas, Jomo Sono (who later named his own soccer club in South Africa the Jomo Cosmos) and most notably Pelé. On October 1, 1977, Pelé closed out his legendary career in front of a capacity crowd at Giants Stadium. In an exhibition match televised nationwide and worldwide, he played the first half with the Cosmos and the second half with his old team Santos.

Much of the New York Cosmos' ability to acquire big players was due to their being owned by Warner Communications. In the early 80's, Warner was the target of a hostile takeover bid by Australian media magnate Rupert Murdoch. His attempt did not succeed, but afterward Warner sold off several of its assets, among them Atari and Global Soccer, Inc., the subsidiary that operated the Cosmos. The club was sold to a syndicate led by their once star player Chinaglia. This group did not have the capital to continue to operate the team at the level kept by Warner Communications, resulting in a fire sale of many of the stars. By the last season, 1984, the Cosmos did not even make the playoffs. The precipitous decline of the Cosmos after the 1983 season became for many fans and the media proof positive of the grave condition of the whole NASL.

The team was also a member of the Major Indoor Soccer League during the 1984-85 season, but withdrew after 33 games due to low attendance.

Giuseppe Peppe Pinton, former personal assistant to Giorgio Chinaglia who was part of Chinaglia's ownership group, claims that he owns the rights to the Cosmos trademarks, although representatives from Warner dispute this. Pinton has reportedly sought to sell the name and logo to a new socccer club for $2 million.

In 2006 a feature length documentary about the New York Cosmos called Once In A Lifetime was released in cinemas. The film was narrated by Matt Dillon and featured interviews with many of the players and people involved in the team. However, Pele declined to be interviewed after the filmmakers balked at his demand for $100,000.[1]


[edit] Outdoor year-by-year

Year League W L T Pts Reg. Season Playoffs
1971 NASL 9 10 5 117 2nd, Northern Division Did not qualify
1972 NASL 7 3 4 77 1st, Northern Division Won Semifinal (Dallas)
Won Championship (St. Louis)
1973 NASL 7 5 7 91 2nd, Eastern Division Lost Semifinal (Dallas)
1974 NASL 4 14 2 58 4th, Northern Division Did not qualify
1975 NASL 10 12 91 3rd, Northern Division Did not qualify
1976 NASL 16 8 148 2nd, Atlantic Conference, Eastern Division Won 1st Round (Washington)
Lost Division Championship (Tampa Bay)
1977 NASL 15 11 140 2nd, Atlantic Conference, Eastern Division Won Division Championship (Tampa Bay)
Won Conference Championship (Ft. Lauderdale)
Won Soccer Bowl '77 (Seattle)
1978 NASL 24 6 212 1st, National Conference, Eastern Division Won 1st Round (Seattle)
Won Conference Semifinal (Minnesota)
Won Conference Championship (Portland)
Won Soccer Bowl '78 (Tampa Bay)
1979 NASL 24 6 216 1st, National Conference, Eastern Division Won Conference Quarterfinal (Toronto)
Won Conference Semifinal (Tulsa)
Lost Conference Championship (Vancouver)
1980 NASL 24 8 213 1st, National Conference, Eastern Division Won 1st Round (Tulsa)
Won Conference Semifinal (Dallas)
Won Conference Championship (Los Angeles)
Won Soccer Bowl '80 (Ft. Lauderdale)
1981 NASL 23 9 200 1st, Eastern Division Bye 1st Round
Won Quarterfinal (Tampa Bay)
Won Semifinal (Ft. Lauderdale)
Lost Soccer Bowl '81 (Chicago)
1982 NASL 23 9 203 1st, Eastern Division Won 1st Round (Tulsa)
Won Semifinal (San Diego)
Won Soccer Bowl '82 (Seattle)
1983 NASL 22 8 194 1st, Eastern Division Lost 1st Round (Montreal)
1984 NASL 13 11 115 3rd, Eastern Division Did not qualify

[edit] Indoor year-by-year

Year League W L Reg. Season Playoffs
1981/82 NASL Indoor 6 12 4th, American Conference, East Division Did not qualify
1982/83 NASL Indoor Season cancelled
1983/84 NASL Indoor 20 12 2nd Won Playoff (Chicago)
Lost Championship (San Diego)
1984/85 MISL 11 22 7th, Eastern Division N/A - folded after 33 games

[edit] Honors

NASL Outdoor Championships

  • 1972
  • 1977
  • 1978
  • 1980
  • 1982

NASL Runners Up

  • 1981 outdoor
  • 1984 indoor

Division Titles

  • 1972 Northern Division
  • 1978 Eastern Division, National Conference
  • 1979 Eastern Division, National Conference
  • 1980 Eastern Division, National Conference
  • 1981 Eastern Division, National Conference
  • 1982 Eastern Division
  • 1983 Eastern Division

Trans-Atlantic Cup Championships

  • 1980
  • 1983
  • 1984

[edit] Head coaches

[edit] Athletic Trainers

  • John Bruno 1984-1985

[edit] Famous players

[edit] Yearly average attendance

  • 1971 - 4,517
  • 1972 - 4,282
  • 1973 - 5,782
  • 1974 - 3,578
  • 1975 - 10,450
  • 1976 - 18,227
  • 1977 - 34,142
  • 1978 - 47,856
  • 1979 - 46,690
  • 1980 - 42,754
  • 1981 - 34,835
  • 1982 - 28,479
  • 1983 - 27,242
  • 1984 - 12,817

[edit] Stadiums

[edit] External links

fr:New York Cosmos he:ניו יורק קוסמוס ja:ニューヨーク・コスモス pt:New York Cosmos sv:New York Cosmos

New York Cosmos

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