New York City Police Department

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The New York City Police Department is the largest police department in the United States, the largest municipal police force in the world, and has the primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation within The Five Boroughs of New York City. When created in 1845, it was modeled after London's Metropolitan Police. The NYPD is considered to be the first "modern" style police department in the United States.[citation needed]

According to the department, its mission is to "enforce the laws, preserve the peace, reduce fear, and provide for a safe environment." Primarily, this involves preventing and responding to crime.

The New York City Transit Police and Housing Police were fully integrated into the NYPD in 1995; some new police officers are randomly assigned to the Transit and Housing units.

NYPD members are frequently referred to by the nickname New York's Finest. The NYPD is headquartered at One Police Plaza, located on Park Row across the street from City Hall.

The size of the force has fluctuated, depending on crime rates, politics, and available funding. The overall trend, however, shows that the number of sworn officers is decreasing. In June 2004, there were about 40,000 sworn officers plus several thousand support staff; In June 2005, that number dropped to 35,000.[citation needed]

Contents

[edit] History

The New York City Police Department was established in May of 1845, which along with the Boston Police Department, was among the first modern police forces in the United States. The NYPD was closely modeled after the Metropolitan Police Service in London, which in turn used a military-like organizational structure, with rank and order. Throughout the years, the NYPD has dealt with a number of riots in New York City, including the 1863 Draft Riots. Early in its history, the NYPD was used as political tool, with positions awarded by politicians to loyalists. Around the turn of the century, the NYPD began to professionalize under leadership of then Police Commissioner, Theodore Roosevelt. The Lexow Committee made some reform recommendations, suggesting a civil service system. The NYPD also began to emphasize training, and took advantage of technological innovations such as fingerprinting.

[edit] Successes

In recent years, the NYPD has overseen a great reduction in the amount of crime in the city. While there are many theories on why the city's and the nation's crime rate has dropped so substantially (see legalized abortion and crime effect and crime prevention through environmental design for examples of alternate theories) many credit the NYPD's CompStat (computerized database of crime statistics) approach. The Compstat program, introduced under then-Commissioner Bill Bratton and Mayor Rudy Giuliani in the 1990s, uses data about crime rates and arrests to evaluate police precincts and commands. COMPSTAT assists the department in understanding where most crimes occur, which allows them to dedicate extra resources to that area. (Critics claim that city officials deliberately misclassify reports or harass victims into not making reports to keep these numbers artificially low.) Other observers credit Mayor Giuliani's strategy to encourage the NYPD to crack down on minor "quality of life" crimes such as turnstile jumping, squeegee men, panhandling, etc. He believed that a crackdown on these types of crime would give the police an opportunity to search more suspects, thereby taking guns and drugs off the street and contribute to the public perception that New York City was a lawful environment where crime was not tolerated. Supporters of this approach say that the reduced crime rate shows his approach to be correct, however others point to the nationwide reduction in crime over the same time period as evidence that demographic changes in the United States caused crime rates to drop, not NYPD specific approaches like COMPSTAT.

[edit] Difficulties

The economic downturn of the 1970s led to some extremely difficult times for the city. The Bronx, in particular, was plagued by arson, and an atmosphere of lawlessness permeated the city. In addition, the city's financial crisis led to a hiring freeze on all city departments, including the NYPD, from 1976 to 1980.

This was followed by the crack epidemic of the late 1980s and early 1990s that may have caused the city's homicide rate to soar to an all-time high. By 1990, New York set a record of 2,245 murders, a record that has yet to be broken by any US major city. Petty thefts associated with drug addiction were also increasingly common.

On September 11, 2001, 23 NYPD officers were killed when the World Trade Center collapsed due to terrorist attacks. That was more lives lost than in any other year in the NYPD's history.

Historically, the NYPD has suffered from numerous allegations of corruption. However, as the many commissions convened to inquire about these matters have shown, these instances of corruption reflect far greater on the individuals involved then they do on a systemic form of corruption. In fact, taking the instances of corruption statistically when compared to the sheer numbers of the department as a whole, the NYPD actually has a lower corruption rate than many other departments. Most commissions convened to inquire about the source of the corruption blame low morale and chronically low salary as largely contributing factors.

Gun control problems in the city came to the forefront during the last two weeks of 2005, when two officers were shot to death by criminals using illegal weapons. Most of these weapons come from the south, through the Interstate 95 [1] which has been called the "iron pipeline".

[edit] Scandals and corruption

The NYPD has been the focus of prominent scandals. Corruption in the department is investigated by Internal Affairs. From the mid 1990s to the early 2000s, corruption seemed to be less of a public concern than several instances of unnecessary or illegal use of force. Many of these incidents involved black victims, which led to allegations of racism within the department.

  • In 1993, Mayor David Dinkins appointed the Mollen Commission, chaired by Milton Mollen, to investigate corruption in the department. The commission found that "Today's corruption is not the corruption of Knapp Commission days. Corruption then was largely a corruption of accommodation, of criminals and police officers giving and taking bribes, buying and selling protection. Corruption was, in its essence, consensual. Today's corruption is characterized by brutality, theft, abuse of authority and active police criminality."
  • On August 9, 1997, Police Officer Justin Volpe in Brooklyn brutalized Abner Louima with a broken broom handle in the 70th Precinct bathroom. Officer Volpe eventually pled guilty and received a sentence of 30 years in federal prison. Other officers were also implicated and convicted on charges stemming from the initial cover-up.
  • On February 4, 1999, members of the Street Crime Unit shot Amadou Bailo Diallo, an unarmed man who was standing in the lobby of a Bronx apartment building after not following police instructions. The officers fired 41 rounds, striking the man 19 times. [3]. The shooting stemmed from a misunderstanding in which officers believed Diallo was reaching for a weapon (he was merely reaching for his wallet) while a member of the unit tripped and appeared to be shot as he fell down the stairs. As a result, the four officers involved in the shooting were acquitted of wrongdoing on February 25, 2000.
  • On March 16, 2000, undercover narcotics detectives shot Patrick Dorismond to death during a scuffle on Eighth Avenue in Manhattan. The detectives had approached Dorismond, an unarmed security guard, and asked to purchase drugs. He attacked the undercover officer, angry that he was seen as drug dealer and he was killed with one shot by the officer in self-defense.
  • On January 24, 2004, Housing Bureau officer Richard Neri, Jr. in accidentally shot to death Timothy Stansbury, a 19-year-old black man who was trespassing on the roof landing of a Bedford-Stuyvesant housing project. Mr. Stansbury was unarmed but he apparently startled Officer Neri when he opened the roof door and came upon Neri. Neri discharged his service firearm mortally wounding Mr. Stansbury. Although Commissioner Kelly, in a rush to judgement in order to appease the black community, stated that the shooting appeared "unjustified", a Brooklyn jury found that no criminal act occured and that the event was, in fact, a tragic accident. Officer Neri was cleared of all charges.[6]
  • On December 17, 2005, an article in The New York Times revealed that it had obtained videotapes showing the New York Police Department conducting surveillance by planting undercover officers to secretly infiltrate and monitor anti-war protests, bike rallies, and even a vigil for a dead cyclist. The footage the Times obtained showed officers holding protest signs, carrying flowers with mourners, riding their bicycles – and videotaping people at events. [7]
  • On November 25, 2006 police officers shot and killed an unarmed man on his wedding day. Sean Bell rammed his vehicle into an undercover officer and hit an unmarked NYPD minivan, prompting undercover NYPD officers to fired fifty rounds into Bell's car. Bullets injured two Port Authority police officers who were on a shuttle train to nearby John F. Kennedy International Airport. A undercover officer heard one of the unarmed man's companions threaten to get his gun to settle a fight with another person. Although the companion had a criminal history of armed robbery, he did not have a gun with him the night that the police shooting took place. The next day, a rally protested the police action and called for the removal of Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly. [8]

[edit] Salary issues

Pay for new officers fell precipitously in the latest contract negotiations as the result of a state arbitration panel judge's decree, and new hires now earn $25,100, the lowest salary for a new police officer since 1985. Upon the completion of the Police Academy (six months), the annual salary increases to $32,700. Adjusted for inflation, this is the lowest pay in history for rookie NYPD cops. Given that conventional wisdom purports an inverse relationship between salary and corruption, as witnessed in jurisdictions such as New Orleans, the judicial decision to lower starting pay for new officers during the time they are most impressionable seems particuarly unwise to many.

Top pay for experienced officers is $59,588, not including overtime and other forms of compensation.<ref>"Police See First Rise in Exam Applicants Since Recruit Pay Cut", New York Sun, Sept. 19, 2006.</ref> Nearby departments pay considerably more, up to $50,000 for new hires or over $90,000 for experienced. <ref>"2005 Duties, 1985 Pay", New York Daily News, June 29, 2005.</ref> Over the years, hundreds of city officers have left for higher paying jobs with other agencies, notably the Nassau County Police Department, the Suffolk County Police Department, and the Port Authority Police of New York and New Jersey.<ref>"They're Tried, They're True, But How Long Do They Stay?", The New York Times, Oct. 8, 1995.</ref>

Large numbers of NYPD officers have also migrated to the New York City Fire Department, where, even though pay is almost the same, work schedules are more attractive and relations with the public more amicable. Contract changes in 2006, however, now forbid the prior practice of allowing police officers who join the fire department to transfer their seniority for compensation purposes. With all new firefighters now compelled to begin working at the same starting pay, the number of NYPD officers "rolling over" to the FDNY is likely to fall dramatically.<ref>"To Protect and Serve On Another Front; In an Increasing Job Migration, Police Officers Make the Switch From Crime Fighter to Firefighter," by Kevin Flynn, The New York Times, May 31, 1999, Section B; Page 1, Column 2; Metropolitan Desk</ref>

[edit] Organization

Image:NYPD boat99pct.jpg
An NYPD boat patrols the New York Harbor.
Image:NYPD-Motorcycles.jpg
NYPD officers patrol on scooters.

The NYPD is headed by the New York City Police Commissioner, a civilian administrator appointed by the Mayor of New York City, with the senior sworn uniformed member of the service titled "Chief of Department". The Police Commissioner appoints a number of Deputy and Assistant Commissioners. The Department is divided into 10 bureaus, each sub-divided into sections, departments and units, and into boroughs, precincts and squads. Each Bureau is commanded by a Bureau Chief (such as the Chief of Detectives or the Chief of Personnel). There are also a number of specialized units (such as the License Division and Compstat) that are not part of any of the Bureaus and report to the Chief of the Department or a Deputy Commissioner. The Bureaus are as follows.

  • Reporting to the Commissioner:
  • Reporting to the Chief of Department:
  • Reporting to the First Deputy Commissioner:
    • Support Services
    • Personnel
  • Reporting to the Deputy Commissioner of Training:
    • Training
  • Reporting to the Deputy Commissioner of Legal Matters:
    • Criminal Justice
  • Reporting to the Deputy Commissioner of Information Technology:
    • Communications Division
    • Management Information Systems Division

[edit] Ranks of the NYPD

Image:Nypdvehicle135.jpg
NYPD Parking Enforcement vehicle

There are ten sworn uniformed ranks of the New York City Police Department:

  • Police Officer (Note: The title "Patrolman" was phased out in the early 1970s)
  • Sergeant (symbol of rank: 3 chevrons)
  • Lieutenant (symbol of rank: 1 gold bar)
  • Captain (symbol of rank: 2 gold bars)
  • Deputy Inspector (symbol of rank: gold oak leaf)
  • Inspector (symbol of rank: gold eagle)
  • Deputy Chief (symbol of rank: 1 gold star)
  • Assistant Chief (symbol of rank: 2 gold stars)
  • Bureau Chief (symbol of rank: 3 gold stars)
  • Chief of Department (symbol of rank: 4 gold stars)

Additionally, there are two ranks that are not uniformed members of the department but are instead appointed by the Police Commissioner.

These individuals are administrators who supersede the Chief of Department, and they usually specialize in areas of great importance to the Department, such as counter-terrorism, training or community affairs. Despite their rank, as civilian executive specialists, they are prohibited from taking operational control of a police situation (with the exception of the First Deputy Commissioner).

  • Deputy Commissioner (symbol of rank: 3 gold stars)
  • First Deputy Commissioner (symbol of rank: 4 gold stars and is acting Police Commissioner during his absence.)

While the commissioner is appointed by the mayor and technically serves a five-year term, as a practical matter, the head of the New York City Police Department serves at the mayor's pleasure.

Within the rank structure, there are also designations, which are further specifications within a rank that connote differences in duties, experience, and pay. However, supervisory functions are only reserved for the rank sergeant and above. For example, the title "Detective" is NOT a supervisory rank within the New York City Police Department - it is an equivalent rank. A "Detective" has the equivalent rank of a police officer with the specification of "Detective - Specialist" (specialty task oriented), "Detective - First Grade" (highest), "Detective - Second Grade", and "Detective - Investigator (Third Grade)." Movies and TV have only perpetuated this misunderstanding by portraying detectives as having supervisory powers. For example, the recent Spike Lee film "The Inside Man" protrays an NYPD detective (Denzel Washington) barking orders at an Emergency Service Unit captain (William Dafoe), with the captain respectfully obeying them. Not only would a captain outrank the lieutenant who supervises the sergeant who supervises this detective, but the detective would likely be suspended from duty for doing such a thing more than once.

Thus, a detective does not outrank a police officer (they are the equivalent ranks, but have different roles) and a sergeant outranks a detective. Detectives, specifically "Detective - Investigators" are those members of the Department that generally perform investigatory duties in detective squads in local precincts and specialized units. "Detective - Investigators" also perform investigatory functions in narcotic operations, vice, and anti-terrorists efforts.

Common designations of the various ranks are listed below:

  • Police Officer - First Grade: "Grades" are actually only used to refer to pay "steps" or annual salary increasing gradually until the final "step" which is a large raise. Pay steps for a police officer are pre-determined through service time and determined through a negotiated contract. Currently there are six "grades" including a substantial pay reduction for the first six months while training in the Police Academy. After graduating from the academy, the probationary police officer will receive small raises of one to two thousand dollars annually until they have completed five full years whereupon they will receive a large raise (10 to 15 thousand dollars) to "top pay". All police officer "grades" are the same rank, though seniority is respected.
  • Detectives can be one of two types: "Detective - Specialist", who is an officer in a specialized unit that might be more dangerous (ESU) or requiring more technical knowledge (Aviation); or "Detective - Investigator", who investigates cases in precinct detective squads or narcotics operations. Either "Detective - Specialists" or "Detective - Investigators" can be awarded pay increases known as "grades". All "Detective - Investigators" start at Detective - Third Grade, which has a pay rate roughly between that of Police Officers and Sergeants; they can then get "promoted" to Detective - Second Grade which has roughly the salary of Sergeants or Detective - First Grade which has a pay rate roughly that of Lieutenants. All detectives hold the same authority as that of police officers, in that none outrank the other. Grades are given out through a merit-based system where a supervisor feels his subordinate deserves recognition and if accepted then makes grade. Detective - First Grades are generally the most experienced and capable investigators in the Department.
  • Sergeant: Supervisor Detective Squad, Special Assignment
  • Lieutenant: Commander Detective Squad, Special Assignment

Promotion from Police Officer to Sergeant, Sergeant to Lieutenant, and Lieutenant to Captain all occur via a civil service formula that factors: performance on the civil service written examination for that rank, length of service, citations awarded, optional physical fitness test (for extra points). Promotion beyond the rank of Captain is discretionary.

Promotion to the designations within the ranks is also discretionary.

Badges in the New York City Police Department are referred to as "shields" (traditional).

[edit] Structure

Image:NYPD Horseback.jpg
NYPD patrol mounted on horseback (New Year's Eve 2005/06)

[edit] Patrol Services

Material in the Patrol Services section is drawn from NY City Website (http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/bureau.html) - 11/5/05

[edit] Patrol Boroughs

For management purposes, police precincts are grouped collectively based on their jurisdiction into Patrol Boroughs. There are eight Patrol Boroughs. They are: Manhattan North, Manhattan South, Brooklyn North, Brooklyn South, Queens North, Queens South, Bronx, and Staten Island. Each comprise a number of Police Precincts.

[edit] Police Precincts

Each Patrol Borough is comprised of precincts. Each precinct is responsible for safety and law enforcement within a designated geographic area. Police units based in these precincts patrol and respond to emergencies.

Staten Island currently has three precincts: the 120, 122, and 123. A 122 satellite precinct opened in December 2005 adjacent to the Staten Island Mall on Richmond Avenue.

[edit] Special Operations Division

Message from the Chief - The Special Operations Division is here to support, coordinate, monitor and record the activities of its five sub-units. It provides resources, support and staff, enabling them to accomplish their respective missions. The S.O.D. executive staff responds to critical and emergency situations to insure that all units concerned work together to resolve such incidents safely and efficiently. Through our Aviation Unit we provide fast life saving air-borne response, and invaluable aerial observation capabilities. Our Emergency Service Unit is staffed by some of the most highly trained officers and equipped with state of the art life saving and emergency equipment. Emergency Service K-9 is one of the largest and most professional K-9 units in the country. The Harbor Unit responds to waterborne incidents with all the latest emergency equipment and expertise. Their Scuba team is highly respected, and coupled with Aviation give New Yorkers the only air-sea rescue operation ready to respond twenty fours hours a day in the Tri-State area. Anti Graffiti Vandalism Unit has and continues to make great strides to rid New York of the destruction and vandalism of public and private property.

[edit] Aviation Unit

Based at Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, the Aviation Unit responds to various emergencies and tasks, supporting Patrol as well as other units of the N.Y.P.D. From deploying divers during air-sea rescues to placing officers atop hi-rise buildings during emergencies, the Aviation Unit is vital to the NYPD in providing New York City with the fastest and most professional response available. The Aviation Unit consists primarily of helicopters.

[edit] Emergency Service Unit

The Emergency Service Unit and the Canine Unit provide specialized equipment, expertise and support to the various units within the NYPD. From auto accidents to building collapses to hostage situations, "ESU" officers are called on when the situation requires advanced equipment and expertise. The Canine Unit provides assistance during searches for missing persons, perpetrators and evidence.

The NYPD does not have a traditional S.W.A.T. unit as most law enforcement agencies in the United States have. The Emergency Service Unit qualifies in the role of a S.W.A.T. unit and much more. The "ESU" is the multifaceted and multitalented element of the NYPD. Members of "ESU" are some of the most highly trained experts of the Department, with abilities that include handling heavy weapons to securing dangerous animals such as full grown tigers kept in public housing apartments. They are also trained in ROCO high angle rope rescue as well as tactical rappelling and fast rope use. 14 of the 23 NYPD officers who died on September 11th, 2001 were from ESU. They are considered the 911 for members of the Department.

[edit] Harbor Unit

On March 15, 1858 five members of the New York City Police Department rowed out into New York Harbor to combat piracy aboard merchant ships lying at anchor. The NYPD Harbor Unit has existed ever since, protecting life and property.

[edit] Taxi Squad

On October 19, 1999, the S.O.D. Taxi Squad was established as a separate unit that reports directly to the Special Operations Division of the New York City Police Department. The general mission of the Taxi Squad is of plainclothes, anti-crime assignment.

[edit] Task Forces

The task forces are organized within each Patrol Borough and specialize in rapid mobilization for disorder control. The task forces can quickly respond to an incident location and mobilize to a precision suppression force to disperse disorderly groups and provide perimeter security. The task forces also assist patrol units in a variety of different elements such as in wide area searches for missing persons, DWI vehicle checkpoints, and supplemental patrol in high crime areas.

[edit] School Safety Division

The mission of the School Safety Division is to provide a safe environment, conducive to learning, where students and faculty can be free from hostility and disruptions which could negatively impact on the educational process.

[edit] Crime Statistics

The Crime Statistics Bureau produces statistics on weekly, monthly and yearly bases. They are organized by precinct, borough and city. NYC Crime Statistics http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/pct/cspdf.html

[edit] Auxiliary Police

Further information: NYPD Auxiliary Police
The NYPD has an unpaid force known as the Auxiliary Police program. It is composed of citizens who volunteer time to help their neighborhoods by providing a uniformed presence.

In 1950, the 81st Congress passed the Public Law #920, entitled "The Civil Defense Act of 1950" authorizing a Federal Civil Defense Program. In 1951, the New York State Legislature enacted the "Defense Emergency Act" requiring New York City to recruit, train, and equip volunteer Auxiliary Police, who would then act as a liaison to the NYPD in the event of an emergency or natural disaster.

In 1967, A Mayoral Executive Order closed the Civil Defense Headquarters and placed full responsibility of the Auxiliary Police Program with the NYPD. During the 1960's when crime was on the rise, uniform Auxiliary Police patrols were an effective means to deter crime.

Auxiliary officers sometimes ride in squad cars (called RMPs for Radio Mobile Patrols), but usually patrol on foot. They are equipped with a baton, flashlight, handcuffs, and a radio. If officers see a crime in progress, they report it to Central Dispatch using the radio. Auxiliaries act primarily as the eyes and ears of the police department. Before becoming auxiliaries, recruits go through 53 hours of training. Recently, a directive dated July 14th, 2 weeks after the 2005 London bombings, stated that the City would institute a citywide transit auxiliary program. This will help reduce crime and fight terrorism in the Transit System. [9][10]

Their patrol presence and keen observation and reporting of incidents requiring regular police response, as well as interaction with the public, aides in crime reduction and enhances police-community relations. Another important function of Auxiliary Police volunteers is serving as a citizen ready reserve in the event of an emergency or natural disaster. Generally, however, Auxiliaries are used for omnipresence and as a force multiplier to assist regular police in non-weapon/minimal danger incidents.

[edit] Transit Bureau

Further information: New York City Transit Police

The NYPD Transit Bureau is a separate branch of the NYPD that patrols and responds to emergencies within the New York City transit system. Its responsibility includes the NYC Subways in Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens. However, certain units with citywide responsibilities -- such as the Homeless Outreach Unit -- also fall within the purview of the Transit Bureau.

The Transit Bureau is divided into Transit Borough Commands. These Borough Commands generally follow the boundaries of the City's geographical boroughs, although there are some notable exceptions. Since there are no subways on Staten Island, there are only four Transit Boroughs: Queens, Bronx, Brooklyn, and Manhattan. Each Transit Borough is further divided into Transit Districts.

As a general rule, each Borough is commanded by an Inspector while Transit Districts tend to be commanded by Captains. The NYPD Detective Bureau investigates all crimes that occur in Transit. Each borough office has assigned detectives from the Detective Bureau similar to the Precinct Detective Squad. As of June 15, 2006 all detectives assigned to investigate transit crimes will fall under a unified command [Central Robbery] of the Detective Bureau's Fugitive Enforcement Division.

[edit] Housing Bureau

Further information: NYPD Housing Police

The Housing Bureau is responsible for providing the security and delivery of police services to 420,000 residents, employees and guests of public housing (projects) throughout New York City. They are stationed in Police Service Areas (PSA), which are almost identical to police precincts, with nine PSAs in total located throughout the five boroughs. Officers often do vertical patrols, making sure illegal activity does not take place in the halls, stairways, or the roof.

[edit] Highway Patrol

Further information: NYPD Highway Patrol

[edit] Line of Duty Deaths

From Dec 25, 1806 to as of March 19, 2006, the NYPD has lost 745 officers in the line of duty. Those officers were from agencies that were absorbed or became the modern NYPD and from the modern department.

The New York City Police Department is composed of the following independent agencies and/or components that have suffered Line of Duty Deaths:

  • Long Island City Police Department
  • Morrisania Police Department
  • New York City Housing Authority Police Department
  • New York City Police Department - Division of School Safety
  • New York City Police Department - Auxiliary Police Section
  • New York City Transit Police Department
  • New York City Watch
  • New York Metropolitan Police Force
  • New York Municipal Police Department
  • New York Municipal Police Force
  • New York Police Department

The cause of death break-down is as follows:

  • Accidental: 11
  • Aircraft accident: 7
  • Animal related: 17
  • Asphyxiation: 3
  • Assault: 30
  • Automobile accident: 50
  • Bicycle accident: 4
  • Boating accident: 5
  • Bomb: 2
  • Drowned: 12
  • Duty related illness: 11
  • Electrocuted: 5
  • Explosion: 8
  • Exposure: 1
  • Fall: 12
  • Fire: 14
  • Gunfire: 318 {of whom 7 were assassinated}
  • Gunfire (Accidental): 23
  • Heart attack: 44
  • Motorcycle accident: 36
  • Stabbed: 24
  • Struck by streetcar: 7
  • Struck by train: 5
  • Struck by vehicle: 37
  • Structure collapse: 3
  • Terrorist attack: 24
  • Vehicle pursuit: 12
  • Vehicular assault: 20

[edit] NYPD Medals

The department presents a number of Medals to its members for meritorious service. The medals the NYPD awards are as follows (from lowest medal to highest):

  • Excellent Police Duty (EPD)
  • Meritorious Police Duty (MPD) & Meritorious Police Duty - Integrity
  • Commendation - Community Service (Displayed wearing the MPD medal with a light blue star in the middle)
  • Commendation or Commendation - Integrity (Displayed wearing the MPD medal with a bronze star in the middle)
  • Exceptional Merit (Displayed wearing the MPD medal with a green star in the middle)
  • Honorable Mention (Displayed wearing the MPD medal with a silver star in the middle)

The department also awards a Purple Shield to those injured or killed in the line of duty.

[edit] Affiliations

The department is affiliated with the New York City Police Museum. "United Response: Commemorating 9/11" opens Sunday, September 10th, at the New York City Police Museum, located at 100 Old Slip, between Water and South Streets. Normally closed on Sundays, the museum will be open on the 10th from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission that day, as well as on September 11th, will be free to all.

The department also runs a Summer Youth Police academy to provide positive interaction with police officers and to educate young people about the challenges and responsibility of police work.

[edit] Fictional portrayals

Further information: Fictional portrayals of the NYPD

The NYPD is behind perhaps only cowboys and gangsters in terms of public fascination, as measured by movie and television treatments. Over the years, countless fictional or fictionalized portrayals of the department have emerged into popular culture

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] References

<references/>

New York City governmental institutions

Government · Mayor · City Council · Judiciary · Brooklyn Public Library · City University of New York · Economic Development Corporation · Department of Education · Fire Department (FDNY) · Lower Manhattan Development Corporation · Department of Parks and Recreation · New York Public Library · Police Department (NYPD) · Queens Borough Public Library

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New York City Police Department

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