New Siberian Islands

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The New Siberian Islands (Russian: Новосиби́рские острова) are an archipelago, located to the North of the East Siberian coast between the Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea north of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic.

The New Siberian Islands proper, or Anzhu Islands, covering a land area of about 29,000 km², consist of

To the south and nearer to the Siberian mainland lie the Lyakhovskiye Islands (6,100 km²):

The small De Long Islands (228 km²) lie to the north-east of Novaya Sibir:

Most of the archipelago is low-lying and consists of loose sediments. Its western part consists of limestone and slate. The highest altitude is 374 m (Mt. Malakatyn-Tas on Kotelny island). The climate is arctic and severe. Snow cover is present for 9 months of the year.

  • Temperature in July: At the coasts icy arctic water lets the temperatures stay relatively low. Average maximum temperatures from +8°C to +11°C and average minimum temperatures from -3°C to +1°C.

In the interior of the islands the average maximum temperatures in July are +16°C to +19°C and average minimum temperatures +3°C to +6°C.

Precipitation: up to 132 mm a year

Permafrost and underground ice are very common. The surface of the islands is covered with arctic tundra vegetation and numerous lakes.

The first news about the existence of the New Siberian Islands was brought by a Cossack Yakov Permyakov in the beginning of the 18th century. In 1712, a Cossack unit led by M. Vagin reached the Great Lyakhovsky Island. At the beginning of the 19th century, the islands were further explored by Yakov Sannikov, Matvei Gedenschtrom and others.

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Coordinates: 75°16′N 145°15′Ede:Neusibirische Inseln et:Uus-Siberi saared es:Islas de Nueva Siberia fr:îles de Nouvelle-Sibérie ko:노보시비르스크 제도 lt:Naujojo Sibiro salos nl:Nieuw-Siberische Eilanden ja:ノヴォシビルスク諸島 no:Nysibirøyene pl:Wyspy Nowosyberyjskie ru:Новосибирские острова fi:Uuden-Siperian saaret tr:Yeni Sibirya Adaları zh:新西伯利亞群島

New Siberian Islands

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