Neva River

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Neva
Liteyny Bridge over the Neva in Saint Petersburg at night
Origin Lake Ladoga
Mouth Gulf of Finland
Basin countries Russia, Finland, Belarus
Length 74 km (46 mi)
Source elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Avg. discharge 2,600 m³/s (91,832 ft³/s)
Basin area 282,000 km² (108,880 mi²)

Neva (Russian: Нева́) is a river in northwestern Russia flowing from Lake Ladoga through the city of Saint Petersburg to the Gulf of Finland. Despite its modest length, it is the third largest river in Europe in terms of average discharge (after the Volga and the Danube).

Contents

[edit] Geography

Image:NevaRiverLabelled.PNG
Map of the Neva River,
with inset showing its location within Europe.

The length of the Neva is 74 km. 28 km of these are with the city boundaries of Saint Petersburg, while the rest are within Leningrad Oblast. It flows southwest from Lake Ladoga, reaches its southernmost point near its confluence with the Tosna River, and turns northwest into the Gulf of Finland. Average width is 400—600 m, maximum width: 1200 m. Maximum depth: 24 m. The Neva basin includes Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega, the two largest lakes in Europe, and spans over a large area of Northwestern Russia and southern Finland.

[edit] Neva delta

The islands in the Neva delta formed by both natural armlets and artificial canals are occupied by the historical part of Saint Petersburg. The largest armlets are

The most significant canals and small rivers are

Among the notable islands are

[edit] Tributaries

The Neva has 26 tributaries. The major ones are:

[edit] Cities and towns along the Neva

[edit] History

In the Middle Ages the wide and navigable river had great importance as a link between the Baltics and the Volga portages leading to the Orient. It was a site of the famous Battle of the Neva (1240). Alexander Nevsky, Prince of Novgorod, won this battle, saving Russia from invasion, and took his title Nevsky (meaning 'Of the Neva') from this event.

During the 16th century the mouth of the Neva was the site of the Swedish fortress Nyen, and the inlet to the Ladoga of the Russian fortress Oreshek, later renamed Shlisselburg. The former was replaced with the Peter and Paul Fortress (Петропавловская Крепость — Petropavlovskaya Krepost') in 1703. Standing on the Hare Island (Заячий Остров — Zayachii Ostrov), the fortress is considered the first structure of present-day St Petersburg.

Image:Neva--etching-large-1600.jpg
The Neva River at St. Petersburg, 1761.

[edit] Navigation

The Neva is the most northwestern part of the Volga-Baltic Waterway, the connection between the Volga River and the Baltic Sea. This waterway is navigable for even the largest inland vessels, and it is an important part of the inland shipping connection between St. Petersburg and Moscow. Many passenger vessels share this waterway with large transport ships. [1]

During Mid-Winter, the river becomes unnavigable due to freezing over.

[edit] Trivia

[edit] See also

bg:Нева cs:Něva da:Neva de:Newa et:Neeva el:Νέβας es:Nevá eo:Neva fr:Neva ko:네바 강 is:Neva it:Neva lt:Neva hu:Néva nl:Neva ja:ネヴァ川 pl:Newa ro:Neva ru:Нева (река) sl:Neva sr:Нева fi:Neva (joki) sv:Neva vi:Sông Neva tr:Neva Nehri

Neva River

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