Nassau County, New York
Learn more about Nassau County, New York
|Nassau County, New York|
|Image:Nassau County ny seal.gif|
| Image:Map of New York highlighting Nassau County.png|
Location in the state of New York
1,173 km² (453 mi²)
743 km² (287 mi²)
431 km² (166 mi²), 36.72%
Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. As of the United States Census, 2000, the population was 1,334,544. The name of the county comes from an old name for Long Island, which was at one time named Nassau, after William of Nassau, Prince of Orange (who later became King William III of England.) The county colors, orange and blue, are also the colors of the House of Orange. Nassau County's county seat is Mineola.
Nassau and Suffolk counties together are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which physically make up the island's westernmost end.
As of 2004, Nassau County is the richest county per capita in the State of New York and the sixth richest in the nation, with a median household income of $78,762.<ref>America's richest and poorest places - 20 richest and poorest: the most affluent counties are in the East, but western cities score well, CNNMoney.com, August 31, 2005</ref> As of 2005, Nassau had the second highest median property tax in the nation at $7,025.<ref>Suburbs Near NYC Have Highest Tax Bills, Newsday, October 4, 2006</ref>
Nassau County was originally the eastern half of Queens County, when New York was divided into 12 counties in 1683. The area was originally contained in two towns: Hempstead and Oyster Bay. During the American Revolutionary War, the town of Hempstead was split into two, when Patriots in the northern part formed the new Town of North Hempstead, leaving Loyalist majorities in the Town of Hempstead. Following the 1898 formation of the City of Greater New York, the part of Queens County that was not annexed to New York City, consisting of the two towns of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay and most of the town of Hempstead (excluded was the Rockaway Peninsula, which did join Greater New York), was constituted as the new Nassau County, but not until 1899, one year later. Several other names had been considered: Matinecock (note that a village in the county currently has that name), Norfolk, (presumably because of the proximity to Suffolk County), Bryant, and Sagamore, but Nassau had the historical advantage of having at one time been the name of Long Island itself.
In 1910 (some sources state 1918), The Village of Glen Cove became a city and seceded from the Town of Oyster Bay.
In 1918, the Village of Long Beach was incorporated in the Town of Hempstead. In 1922, it became a city and seceded from the Town.
The United Nations Security Council was temporarily located in Nassau County from 1946 to 1951 -- at the Sperry Gyroscope headquarters in the village of Lake Success near the border with Queens County. It was here on June 27, 1950 that the Security Council voted to back U.S. President Harry S. Truman and send a coalition of forces to the Korean Peninsula, thus kicking off the Korean War.
During the latter part of the 20th Century, Nassau County saw an influx of migrants from the five boroughs of New York City, especially Brooklyn and Queens, who left their urban dwellings for a more suburban setting. This led to a massive boom in population in the county, especially on the south shore. In 1947, William Levitt built his first planned community in Nassau County, in the Island Trees section (later renamed Levittown). (This should not be confused with the county's first planned community, in general, which is Garden City). In later decades, communities such as Wantagh, East Meadow, Massapequa, Massapequa Park, and Franklin Square began to grow.
In the 1990s, Nassau County saw huge budget problems, forcing the county to near bankruptcy. The county government increased taxes to prevent a takeover by the state of New York. This has led to the county having notoriously high property taxes, leaving some migrants from New York City who are seeking suburban life to move to Suffolk County, Hudson Valley, New Jersey or Pennsylvania.
In recent years Nassau County has recovered from its economic malaise of the 1990s. Since 2000, housing prices on Long Island have been the highest in the country. The economy has been booming and according to the United States Census Bureau, residents of Nassau County have among the highest per capita wealth in the country. Nassau County has also experienced heavy urbanization in many areas, such as Hempstead, Freeport, Mineola, and Westbury, leading some to say that some parts of the county resemble the outer boroughs of New York City rather than a suburb of it, though the Five Towns region tends to be more affluent than western Queens. The northern "Gold Coast" region tends to more closely resemble nearby Westchester County.
 Law and Government
The head of the executive is the County Executive, a post created in Nassau County in 1938. The current county executive is Thomas Suozzi, a Democrat who elected in 2001; he is the first Democratic county executive since Eugene Nickerson left office in 1970. The District Attorney is Democrat Kathleen Rice, who in November, 2005 defeated 30-year incumbent Republican Denis Dillon in an upset victory. The county comptroller is Howard Weitzman, a Democrat, the county clerk is Republican Maureen O'Connell, and the county assessor is Harvey Levinson, another Democrat.
|J. Russell Sprague||Republican||1938–1953|
|A. Holly Patterson||Republican||1953–1962|
|Ralph G. Caso||Republican||1970–1978|
|Francis T. Purcell||Republican||1978–1987|
|6||Francis X. Becker, Jr.||Republican|
|12||Peter J. Schmitt||Republican|
|13||Norma L. Gonsalves||Republican|
|15||Dennis Dunne, Sr.||Republican|
|19 ||David Denenberg||Democrat|
 Law enforcement
County police services are provided by the Nassau County Police Department. The cities of Glen Cove and Long Beach, as well as a number of villages, such as Garden City, Rockville Centre and Lake Success, are not members of the county police district and maintain their own police forces. These smaller forces, however, make use of such specialized county police services as the police academy and the aviation unit. Also, all homicides are investigated by the county police.
More recently, village leaders in the county seat of Mineola have expressed dissatisfaction with the level of police coverage provided by the county force and are actively exploring seceding from the police district and having the village form its own police force. A referendum has been scheduled for Dec. 5, 2006. <ref>Board of Trustees Rejects Bids for Police Study: Public Will Get to Vote on Possible Mineola Police This Year, Mineola American, August 18, 2006</ref>
The Northern State Parkway and the Southern State Parkway are patrolled by Troop L of the New York State Police. In the late 1990s, the Long Island Rail Road Police Department was consolidated into the Metropolitan Transportation Authority Police.
County correctional services, as well as enforcement of court orders, are provided by the Nassau County Sheriff's Department.
|2004||46.6% 288,355||52.2% 323,070|
|2000||38.5% 226,954||57.9% 341,610|
|1996||36.1% 196,820||55.7% 303,587|
|1992||40.5% 246,881||46.4% 282,593|
|1988||57.0% 337,430||42.2% 250,130|
|1984||61.8% 392,017||38.0% 240,697|
|1980||56.0% 333,567||34.8% 207,602|
|1976||53.7% 329,176||47.6% 302,869|
|1972||63.3% 438,723||36.5% 252,831|
|1968||51.3% 329,792||43.3% 278,599|
|1964||39.4% 248,886||60.5% 382,590|
|1960||55.1% 324,255||44.8% 263,303|
|1956||69.0% 372,358||30.9% 166,646|
|1952||69.9% 305,900||29.8% 130,267|
|1948||70.1% 184,284||26.8% 70,492|
Like its neighbor Suffolk County, the county was for many years politically controlled by the Republican Party. In the 1990s, it began to swing Democratic. Democrat Bill Clinton won the county in presidential elections of 1992 and 1996. Later Nassau voters gave a large margin of victory to Al Gore in 2000 (57.9% to 38.5%) but John Kerry won in 2004 by a slimmer margin (52.2% to 46.6%) : in that election, Kerry won the towns of Hempstead and North Hempstead , but lost the town of Oyster Bay.
Democratic strength is mainly concentrated in the central part of the county, near the Village of Hempstead and Uniondale, where there is a large African American and Hispanic population. Also, the wealthy northern half of the county, with the exception of parts of Manhasset, is heavily Democratic. This includes Great Neck, Glen Cove and Roslyn. There are also pockets of staunch Democrats in the Five Towns area in the southwest part of the county and in Long Beach.
Republicans are mainly concentrated in the more suburban areas of the county. The middle class southeastern portion of the county is heavily Republican and communities such as Massapequa, Seaford, Wantagh, Levittown, and Bethpage are the political base of Congressman Peter T. King. In the western portion of the county, wealthy Garden City is solidly Republican, as is the more middle-class community of Franklin Square.
Long Island's only Republican member of Congress, Representative Peter T. King is from Nassau County. His district includes heavily populated suburban neighborhoods like Massapequa, Levittown, Hicksville, and Glen Cove, but Nassau County is also home to the popular gun-control advocate, Democrat Carolyn McCarthy, whose district includes Garden City, Hempstead, Valley Stream and Rockville Centre. McCarthy defeated Republican congressman Dan Frisa in 1996 and has held on to her seat since. Nassau County's other two congressmen are both Democrats. Representative Gary Ackerman, represents the northwestern part of the county, including Great Neck, Sands Point, and Port Washington. Steve Israel's district is mainly in Suffolk County, but also includes parts of Plainview, Old Bethpage, Jericho, Syosset, and Woodbury in Nassau County.
All of Nassau County's (As well as Suffolk County's) state senators are Republicans, which is largely the reason the state senate is still in GOP hands.
Nassau County occupies a portion of Long Island immediately east of New York City, in the southeastern portion of New York State. It is divided into
- 3 cities:
- 3 towns
- The Town of Hempstead, contains 22 villages and 35 hamlets:
- The 22 villages in the Town of Hempstead are:
- Atlantic Beach
- East Rockaway
- Floral Park
- Garden City (Status soon to be changed to city).
- Hempstead (village)
- Hewlett Bay Park
- Hewlett Harbor
- Hewlett Neck
- Island Park
- Rockville Centre
- South Floral Park
- Stewart Manor
- Valley Stream
- The 35 hamlets in the Town of Hempstead are:
- Baldwin Harbor
- Barnum Island
- Bay Park
- Bellerose Terrace
- East Atlantic Beach
- East Garden City
- East Meadow
- Franklin Square
- Garden City South
- Harbor Isle
- Lido Beach
- Malverne Park Oaks
- North Bellmore
- North Merrick
- North Valley Stream
- Point Lookout
- South Hempstead
- South Valley Stream
- South Westbury
- West Hempstead
- The Town of North Hempstead, contains 34 villages:
- Baxter Estates
- East Hills (This village is shared with the Town of Oyster Bay.)
- East Williston
- Floral Park (This village is shared with the Town of Hempstead.)
- Flower Hill
- Garden City (Status soon to be changed to city).
- Garden City Park
- Great Neck
- Great Neck Estates
- Great Neck Plaza
- Kings Point
- Lake Success
- Munsey Park
- New Hyde Park (This village is shared with the Town of Hempstead.)
- North Hills
- Old Westbury (This village is shared with the Town of Oyster Bay.)
- Plandome Heights
- Plandome Manor
- Port Washington
- Port Washington North
- Roslyn Estates
- Roslyn Harbor (This village is shared with the Town of Oyster Bay.)
- Russell Gardens
- Saddle Rock
- Sands Point
- Williston Park
- The Town of Oyster Bay contains 18 villages and 18 hamlets:
- The 18 villages in the Town of Oyster Bay are:
- Centre Island
- Cove Neck
- East Hills (This village is shared with the Town of North Hempstead.)
- Laurel Hollow
- Massapequa Park
- Mill Neck
- Old Brookville
- Old Westbury (This village is shared with the Town of North Hempstead.)
- Oyster Bay Cove
- Roslyn Harbor (This village is shared with the Town of North Hempstead.)
- Sea Cliff
- Upper Brookville
- The 18 hamlets in the Town of Oyster Bay are:
- There is a small section located within Massapequa that the post office has designated with the zip code of Seaford. Additionally, there is a small section outside of the village of Sea Cliff that has been designated with a Sea Cliff zip code. There is also a section of Bethpage that has been designated with the zip code of Old Bethpage. There are, likely, numerous other similar situations.
- The Town of Hempstead, contains 22 villages and 35 hamlets:
 Adjacent Counties
As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,334,544 people, 447,387 households, and 347,172 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,797/km² (4,655/mi²). There were 458,151 housing units at an average density of 617/km² (1,598/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.30% White, 10.09% African American, 0.16% Native American, 4.73% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.57% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.99% of the population. There is a small Sikh population in Nassau County which is evident by two Sikh Gurdwaras or temples; one in Plainview and the other in Glen Cove.
According to the Census Bureau, the population of the county has slightly increased to 1,339,641 people in 2004.
Some main European ancestries in Nassau County as of 2000: 27.52% Italian, 17.43% Irish, 13.20% German and 3.07% English. According to the above statistics, Nassau County is now one of the most Italian-American counties in the USA. Many middle-class Italian families have moved from "Little Italy" neighborhoods in New York City to suburban areas.
There were 447,387 households out of which 35.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.10% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.40% were non-families. 18.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.34.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $72,030, and the median income for a family was $81,246. Males had a median income of $52,340 versus $37,446 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,151. About 3.50% of families and 5.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.80% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.
 Colleges and universities
Nassau county is home to numerous colleges and universities, including Hofstra University, Adelphi University, Molloy College, Briarcliffe College, New York Institute of Technology, SUNY Old Westbury, Nassau Community College, and C. W. Post Campus of Long Island University.
 Adjacent counties
- with land boundaries
- with water boundaries
 See also
 External links
- Nassau County official website
- Nassau County information
- Nassau County Photo Gallery
- PDF map showing LI school district boundaries and wealth comparisons
|Nassau County, New York|