Nagoya

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Nagoya City
名古屋市
Image:Map Nagoya en.png
Nagoya City's location in Aichi prefecture, Japan.
Location
Country Japan
Region Chūbu, Tōkai
Prefecture Aichi prefecture
Physical characteristics
Area 326.45 km²
Population (as of 2004)
     Total 2,202,111
     Density 6,745/km²
Location 35°07′N 136°56′E
Symbols
Tree Camphor Laurel
Flower Lilium
Image:Nagoya CitySymbol.png
Symbol of Nagoya City
Nagoya City Hall
Mayor Takehisa Matsubara
Address 〒460-0001
Nagoya-shi,
Naka-ku, Sannomaru 3-chome 1-1
Phone number 052-972-2017
Official website: Nagoya City

Coordinates: 35°07′N 136°56′E Nagoya (名古屋市 nagoya-shi?) is the fourth largest city in Japan. Located on the Pacific coast in the Chūbu region on central Honshū, it is the capital of Aichi Prefecture and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, Chiba, and Hakata. It is also the center of Japan's third largest metropolitan region, known as the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area.

Contents

[edit] History

The city was founded on October 1, 1889, and was designated on September 1, 1956 by government ordinance. The city's name was historically written as the older Emperor of that time(also read as Nagoya), and as the city is located between Kyoto, Shikoku and Tokyo, it was also historically known as "central capital" (中京 Chūkyō?).

[edit] Sightseeing

Nagoya's famous sight seeing spots include Nagoya Castle (名古屋城 Nagoya-jō?) and Atsuta Shrine (熱田神宮 Atsuta Jingū?).

Nagoya Castle Nagoya jō was built in 1612. Although a large part of it was burned down by the fires of World War II, the castle was restored in 1959, though some modern amenities such as elevators were added. Nagoya-jō is very famous for two magnificent Golden Orca (金の鯱 Kin no Shachihoko?) on the roof. They are often used as the symbol of Nagoya.

Atsuta jingū is known as the second-most venerable shrine in Japan. It enshrines the Kusanagi sacred sword (草薙神剣 Kusanagi no mitsurugi?) one of the three imperial regalia of Japan. It holds around 70 festivals in a year, and many people visit the shrine year-round. Also, the shrine has over 4,400 national treasures representing its 2,000 years' history.

Image:Nagoya Tower.jpg
Nagoya TV Tower

Modern attractions include the Nagoya TV Tower, JR Central Towers of Nagoya Station,and Italia Mura.

[edit] Wards

Nagoya has 16 wards (ku ?):

[edit] Demographics

One of the earliest census carried out in 1889 gave Nagoya's population as 157,496. It reached 1 million mark in 1934 and as of 2004, the city has an estimated population of 2,202,111 with a density of 6,745 persons per km². There are estimated to be 945,328 households in the city,which is a significant increase from 153,370 they had at the end of the World War II,in 1945. The total area is 326.45 km². Its metropolitan area extends into Mie and Gifu prefectures, with a total population of about 9 million people, with only Osaka and Tokyo being larger.

[edit] Transportation

Nagoya is served by Chūbu Centrair International Airport (NGO) in the city of Tokoname and by Nagoya Airport (Komaki Airport) (NKM) which is located in the cities of Komaki and Kasugai. On February 17,2005, all of Nagoya Airport's commercial flights (except for flights operated by J-Air) moved to Centrair. Nagoya Airport is now used as a general aviation and airbase facility.

Nagoya Station, the world's largest train station by floor area, is on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Tōkaidō Main Line, and Chūō Main Line, among others. The Nagoya Railroad and Kinki Nippon Electric Railway provide regional rail service to points in the Tōkai and Kansai regions. The city is also serviced by the Nagoya Subway.

[edit] Economy

Image:Nagoya uitzicht.jpg
An aerial view of Nagoya.
Image:Nagoya IdcN.jpg
International design center NAGOYA (IdcN).

Nagoya's main industry is the automotive business, as many Japanese automotive companies are based out of Nagoya (akin to U.S. automakers being based out of Detroit). Toyota is headquartered in the nearby city of Toyota. The Japanese confectionery company Marukawa is headquartered in Nagoya, as is the fine ceramics company Noritake. There is also a sizable aerospace and electronics industry in the area.

Nagoya is also known as the birthplace of pachinko. Ibanez Guitars are based in Nagoya

Breakdown of Nagoya's GDP by economic activity
(from the 2005 city profile published by the City of Nagoya)

  • Service 26.5%
  • Wholesale and Retail 20.2%
  • Manufacturing 12.3%
  • Shipping and Communications 10.4%
  • Real Estate 9.8%
  • Administrative Services Supply 5.9%
  • Construction 5.8%
  • Finance and Insurance 5.4%
  • Others 3.7%

The World Expo 2005, also known as Aichi Expo was held in the eastern hills of Nagoya in the neighboring cities of Nagakute and Seto. The event was held from March 25 to September 25, 2005.

[edit] Sports

Nagoya is home to several professional sports teams:

Club Sport League Venue Established
Chunichi Dragons Baseball Central League Nagoya Dome 1936
Nagoya Grampus Eight Football J. League Mizuho Athletic Stadium,
Toyota Soccer Stadium
1992

Nagoya is also home of the Shonai FC amateur football club and Nagoya Barbarians amateur rugby football club. Since 1984 the city hosts the Nagoya Marathon; an annual marathon race for women over the classic distance of 42km and 195 metres.

[edit] Sister cities

Nagoya has 5 sister cities[1]:

The Nagoya International Center promotes international exchange in the local community.


[edit] External links


Image:Aichi Prefecture shadow picture.png Aichi Prefecture
Cities
Aisai | Anjou | Chiryu | Chita | Gamagori | Handa | Hekinan | Ichinomiya | Inazawa | Inuyama | Iwakura | Kariya | Kasugai | Kitanagoya | Kiyosu | Komaki | Konan | Nagoya (capital) | Nishio | Nisshin | Okazaki | Obu | Owariasahi | Seto | Shinshiro | Tahara | Takahama | Tokoname | Tokai | Toyoake | Toyohashi | Toyokawa | Toyota | Tsushima | Yatomi
Districts
Aichi | Ama | Chita | Hazu | Hoi | Kitashitara | Nishikamo | Nishikasugai | Niwa | Nukata
  See also: Towns and villages by district edit


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