Municipality

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A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. A municipality is typically governed by a mayor and a city council or municipal council.

Municipalities are not necessarily the same as townships. A municipality is a general-purpose district, as opposed to a special-purpose district.

In most countries, a municipality is the smallest administrative subdivision to have its own democratically elected representative leadership.

In some countries, municipalities are referred to as "communes" (for example, French commune or Spanish comuna). The term derives from the medieval commune. Note that the word has absolutely no implication of communism. But the word "communism" derives from the word "commune" because of its striving towards a commune-like society.

[edit] Municipalities as second-level entities

[edit] First-level entities and other forms of municipalities

[edit] See also

cs:Obec da:Kommune de:Gemeinde es:Municipio fr:Municipalité hu:Település la:Commune mk:Општина nl:Gemeente (bestuur) no:Kommune nn:Kommune pl:Gmina pt:Município ru:Муниципалитет fi:Kunta sv:Kommun tr:Belediye zh:市

Municipality

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