Mountains and hills of Scotland

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Scotland is the most mountainous region of the United Kingdom. The area north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault is known simply as the Highlands, and contains the country's main mountain ranges. The key highland ranges are:

The southern and eastern parts of Scotland are usually referred to as the Scottish Lowlands, but these areas also have significant ranges of hills, although these are lower than the Highland mountains.

The Southern Uplands form a continuous belt across southern Scotland from Galloway to the Borders. The Uplands are divided into several local ranges:

Carrick, Lowther Hills, Pentland Hills, Moorfoot Hills and Lammermuir Hills

In addition to the main ranges, there are numerous individual hills in the Lowlands, often volcanic in origin. Many are known by the Scots word Law, meaning hill.

[edit] Scotland's highest mountains

The ten highest mountains in Scotland are also the ten highest of the UK.

  1. Ben Nevis 1344 metres (4409 feet)
  2. Ben Macdhui 1310 m (4297 ft)
  3. Braeriach 1296 m (4251 ft)
  4. Cairn Toul 1291 m (4235 ft)
  5. Sgor an Lochain Uaine 1258 m (4127 ft)
  6. Cairn Gorm 1244 m (4081 ft)
  7. Aonach Beag 1234 m (4048 ft)
  8. Càrn Mor Dearg 1220 m (4002 ft)
  9. Aonach Mòr 1218 m (3996 ft)
  10. Ben Lawers 1214 m (3982 ft)

[edit] Listings

See also: Hill lists in the British Isles

Scottish peaks are categorised by means of the following hill lists. Note that any one peak may ‘qualify’ for inclusion in several lists.

  • The Corbetts are hills in Scotland between 2500 and 3000 feet (762 and 914.4 m), with a relative height of at least 500 feet (152.4 m). The list is maintained by the SMC, currently 219 peaks listed.
  • The Grahams are hills in Scotland between 2000 and 2500 feet (609.6 and 762 m), with a relative height of at least 500 feet (152.4 m). The list was first compiled by Fiona Graham. Currently 224 listed.
  • The Donalds are hills in the Scottish Lowlands over 2000 feet (609.6 m). The list was originally compiled by Percy Donald, and is maintained by the SMC, 89 peaks are listed.
  • The Marilyns are hills in the British Isles that have a relative height of at least 150 m, regardless of distance, absolute height or merit. The list was compiled and is maintained by Alan Dawson. There are currently 1214 Scottish peaks listed, see List of Marilyns in Scotland.

[edit] See also

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