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Greek deities
Primordial deities
Aquatic deities
Chthonic deities
Personified concepts
Other deities
The Twelve Titans:
Oceanus and Tethys,
Hyperion and Theia,
Coeus and Phoebe,
Cronus and Rhea,
Mnemosyne, Themis,
Crius, Iapetus
Sons of Iapetus:
Atlas, Prometheus,
Epimetheus, Menoetius

Mnemosyne (Greek Mνημοσύνη, IPA [nɪˈmɒzɪni] in RP and [nɪˈmɑsəni] in General American) (sometimes confused with Mneme) was the personification of memory in Greek mythology. This titaness was the daughter of Gaia and Uranus and the mother of the Muses by Zeus.

In Hesiod's Theogony, kings and poets receive their powers of authoritative speech from their possession of Mnemosyne and their special relationship with the Muses.

Zeus lay with Mnemosyne for nine consecutive nights and thereby created the nine muses. Mnemosyne was also the name for a river in Hades, counterpart to Lethe, according to a series of 4th century BC Greek funerary inscriptions in dactylic hexameter. Dead souls drank from Lethe so they would not remember their past lives when reincarnated. Initiates were encouraged to drink from the river Mnemosyne when they died, instead of Lethe. These inscriptions may have been connected with a private mystery religion, or with Orphic poetry (see Zuntz, 1971).

Similarly, those who wished to consult the oracle of Trophonius in Boeotia were made to drink alternately from two springs called "Lethe" and "Mnemosyne". An analogous setup is described in the Myth of Er at the end of Plato's Republic.

[edit] References

  • Zuntz, Gunter. Persephone. Cambridge, 1971.

[edit] See also

Mnemosyne is also the name of a top class racehorse in Australia. Mnemosyne is trained by John Hawkes and is bred out of Stallion, Encosta De Lago.

Mnemosyne Productions is the name of the record label owned by Norwegian musician Ihsahn and wife Ihriel.ast:Mnemósine bg:Мнемозина ca:Mnemòsine cs:Mnémosyné da:Mnemosyne de:Mnemosyne el:Μνημοσύνη es:Mnemósine fr:Mnémosyne it:Mnemosine he:מנימוסינה lv:Mnēmosine lb:Mnemosyne lt:Mnemosinė hu:Mnémoszüné nl:Mnemosyne ja:ムネモシュネ no:Mnemosyne pl:Mnemosyne pt:Mnemotécnica ro:Mnemosyne ru:Мнемозина simple:Mnemosyne sk:Mnemosyne (mytológia) fi:Mnemosyne sv:Mnemosyne tr:Mnemosyne zh:莫涅莫绪涅


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