Military of Ghana
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|Military of Ghana|
|Military age||18 years of age(2002)|
|Availability||males age 15-49: 5,045,355 (2002 est.)|
|Fit for military service||males age 15-49: 5,045,355 (2002 est.)|
|Reaching military age annually||males: 213,237 (2002 est.)|
|Dollar figure||$35.2 million (FY01)|
|Percent of GDP||0.7% (FY01)|
The Ghanaian military is primarily composed of the army, which subsequently administers both the air force and the navy. Ghana's nominal chief military commander is the Minister of Defence, with various generals and other commanders leading troops in the field. Military units exist in the capital, Accra and in Ghana's border regions. The Ghanaian army, which has both a northern and a southern command, is organized into two brigades, with six infantry battalions; one reconnaissance regiment, two reconnaissance squadrons; one airborne force, one regiment of paratroopers; one artillery regiment; and one field engineer regiment.
The Ghanaian Army relies on a mix of modern military technology and older varieties. While modern M16s and equipment are standard issue, much of the secondary equipment used by the Ghanaian military is generally older than that used in Western military forces, and Ghanaian troops frequently rely on older British, Brazilian, Swiss, Swedish, Israeli, and Finnish weaponry. The Ghanaian military often has to make do with poorly-serviced weaponry and equipment due to difficult maintenance capabilities. As a result, maintenance tasks are often contracted to foreign military advisors and technicians.
The Ministry of Defence and Central Defence Headquarters are both located in Accra. The army numbers some 5,000 personnel and is structured as follows:
- Two BDE HQ in Accra and Kumasi
- 6 Infantry Battalions of the Ghana Regiment
- 2 Airborne companies attached to DHQ
- 1 Battalion of the President's Own Guard Regiment
- 1 Training Battalion
- 1 Staff College
- 2 Armoured reconnaissance squadrons of the Reconnaissance Regiment
- 1 Signals Regiment
- 1 Engineer Regiment
- 1 Logistics Group.
 Air Force
Consisting of roughly 1,000 trained personnel, the Ghana Air Force is headquartered in Burma camp Accra, and operates from bases in Accra (main transport base) Tamale (combat and training base), Takoradi (training base), and Kumasi (support base). The Air Force's stated mission is to perform counterinsurgency operations within Ghana and to provide logistical support to the army. Like the army, the air force suffers from frequent shortages of spare parts and poor maintenance of equipment.
Ghana's navy provides coastal defence, fishery protection, and internal security on Lake Volta. In 1994 the navy was re-organized into an Eastern command, with headquarters at Tema, and a Western command, with headquarters at Sekondi. .
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, due to financial constraints and a lack of serviceable equipment, the navy to shrank from about 1,200 personnel to around 850. The navy currently numbers about 1,000 personnel, as of 2003.
The Ghanaian military is recognised as one of the most professional (ranked #4 by the United Nations in 2006) and up-to-date armed forces in West Africa, and as Ghana itself is a peaceful nation, enjoying stable relations with its neighbours in West Africa, Ghana is free to commit a large proportion of its armed forces to international peacekeeping operations. Such operations are mainly conducted in Africa, while large Ghanaian forces are frequently posted across the world as elements of United Nations peacekeeping forces. The United Nations has often relied on Ghanian forces to conduct peacekeeping operations, in countries as diverse as Rwanda, Kosovo, and Lebanon. Currently, Ghanaian forces are posted to United Nations peacekeeping missions as follows:
- MONUC (Democratic Republic of Congo) - 464
- UNMIL (Liberia) - 852
- UNAMSIL (Sierra Leone) - 782
- UNIFIL (Lebanon) - 651
Ghanaian law prohibits civilians and foreign nationals from wearing military apparel such as camouflage clothing, or clothing which resembles military dress. Fines and/or short prison sentences can be passed against civilians seen in military dress in public. In addition, Ghanaian law prohibits the photographing of strategic sites such as Kotoka International Airport.
 See also