Metropolitan Police District

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The Metropolitan Police District (MPD) is the area policed by London's Metropolitan Police Service. It currently consists of Greater London, excluding the City of London.

[edit] History

The Metropolitan Police District was defined in the schedule of the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 as an approximately circular area within a seven-mile (11-km) radius of Charing Cross, which was divided into four districts and 17 police divisions.

It consisted of parts of:

Middlesex The Liberty of Westminster, The Holborn division, the inner parishes of the Finsbury division, the Tower division, the Kensington division, the township of New Brentford, the Inns of Court and the liberty of Ely Place
Kent The parishes of St Paul and St Nicholas, Deptford, and the parish of Greenwich
Surrey The parishes of Bermondsey, Camberwell, Clapham, Lambeth, Newington, Putney, Rotherhithe, Streatham, Tooting, Wandsworth, and Christchurch, Southwark, The Liberty of the Clink, The hamlet of Hatcham, and the Borough of Southwark

There have been numerous changes to the boundaries of the MPD, and of the divisions therein. The Metropolitan Police Act 1839 recognised that the "boundary is... very irregular" and made it lawful to add any place in the Central Criminal Court District and also "any part of any parish, township, precinct or place" not more than 15 miles (24 km) from Charing Cross. The enlarged district encompassed the metropolitan area and some parts of Essex, Kent, Hertfordshire and Surrey. The 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica notes that it included "those civil parishes [...] of which any part is within twelve miles of, or of which no part is more than fifteen miles from, Charing Cross".

Metropolitan Police District 1840 - 1946

Image:MPD 1933.png

The map shows the MPD boundary in red. At the centre is the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works 1855 - 1889, which became the County of London in 1889. The other dashed lines show the boundaries of Essex, Hertfordshire, Kent, Middlesex and Surrey.

The enlargement under the 1839 Act was carried out by order in council issued on January 3, 1840, which listed the following "parishes, townships, precincts, and places" ... "should be added to, and form part of, the metropolitan police district": <ref>Order in Council enlarging the Metropolitan Police District (SI 1840 5001)</ref>

County of Middlesex Ashford, Bedfont (East), Cowley, Cranford, Drayton (West), Edgeware (sic) including Whitchurch, Edmonton, Enfield, Feltham, Finchley, Fryern Barnet, Greenford, Hadley (Monken), Hampton (Town and Court), Hamptonwick liberty (sic), Hanwell, Hanworth, Harefield, Harlington, Harmondsworth, Harrow, Hayes, Hendon, Heston, Hillingdon, Hornsey, Ickenham, Isleworth, Kingsbury, Laleham, Littleton, Northolt, Norwood precinct, Perivale, Pinner, Ruislip, Shepperton, South Mimms, Staines, Stanmore (Great and Little), Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Tottenham, Twickenham, Twyford Abbey, Uxbridge township and chapelry, Wilsden (sic)
County of Surrey Addington, Banstead, Beddington and Wallington hamlet, Carshalton, Cheam, Chessington, Croydon, Cuddington, Epsom, Ewell exclusive of part near Walton, Farley, Kew, Kingston-on-Thames, Ham-with-Hatch hamlet, Hook hamlet, Long Ditton, Maldon (sic), Merton, Mitcham, Morden, Mortlake, Moulsey (East), Moulsey (West), Petersham, Richmond, Roehampton, Sanderstead, Sutton, Thames Ditton including hamlet of Ember, hamlet of Weston, and hamlet of Claygate, Warlingham, Wimbledon, Woodmansterne, Worcester Park (extra-parochial)
County of Kent Beckenham, Bexley, Bromley, Charlton, Chislehurst, Crayford, Down (sic), Eltham including Mottingham, Erith, Farnborough, Foots Cray, Hayes, Keston, Kidbrooke, Lee, Lewisham, North Cray, Orpington, Plumstead, St Mary's Cray, Wickham (East), Wickham (West), Woolwich
County of Essex Barking (Town Ward, Chadwell Ward, Great Ilford Ward, Ripple Ward), Chigwell, Chingford, Dagenham, East Ham, Little Ilford, Loughton, Low Leyton, Waltham Abbey (Holyfield hamlet, Sewardstone hamlet, Upshire hamlet, Waltham Town hamlet), Walthamstow, Wanstead, West Ham (Church-street Ward, Plaistow Ward, Stratford Ward), Woodford
County of Hertford Aldenham, Bushey, Cheshunt, Chipping Barnet, East Barnet, Elstree, Northaw, Ridge, Shenley, Theobald-street, Totteridge

In 1946 the Metropolitan Police District was somewhat redrawn by the Police Act 1946, to match the then local government boundaries. The boroughs of Dartford and Watford, the urban district of Caterham and Warlingham and the parish of St. Peter Rural were wholly excluded from the District; whilst the borough of Epsom and Ewell, the urban districts of Banstead, Cheshunt, Coulsdon and Purley, Crayford, Esher and Orpington were brought wholly within the district. <ref>Home Office Circular 100/1946</ref> The definition, in the Fourth Schedule is as follows: <ref>Police Act 1946, 9 & 10 Geo. 6 ch. 46</ref>

County of London except the City of London
Middlesex
County Borough of Croydon, County Borough of East Ham, County Borough of West Ham
Essex Municipal Borough of Barking, Municipal Borough of Chingford, Municipal Borough of Dagenham, Municipal Borough of Ilford, Municipal Borough of Walthamstow, Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford, Chigwell Urban District, Waltham Holy Cross Urban District
Hertfordshire Barnet Urban District, Bushey Urban District, Cheshunt Urban District, East Barnet Urban District, Elstree Rural District
the parish of Northaw from Hatfield Rural District
Aldenham from Watford Rural District
Kent Municipal Borough of Beckenham, Municipal Borough of Bexley, Municipal Borough of Bromley, Municipal Borough of Erith, Chislehurst and Sidcup, Crayford Urban District, Orpington Urban District, Penge Urban District
Surrey Municipal Borough of Barnes, Municipal Borough of Beddington and Wallington, Municipal Borough of Epsom and Ewell, Municipal Borough of Kingston, Municipal Borough of Malden and Coombe, Municipal Borough of Mitcham, Municipal Borough of Richmond, Municipal Borough of Surbiton, Municipal Borough of Sutton and Cheam, Municipal Borough of Wimbledon, Banstead Urban District, Carshalton Urban District, Coulsdon and Purley Urban District, Esher Urban District, Merton and Morden Urban District


In 1965 the boundaries of London were redrawn to broadly, but not exactly, match the MPD, and the MPD defined again by section 76 of the London Government Act 1963. In 1974 it was again restated, by S.I. 1974/482, <ref>Hansard 4 May 1999 : Column 782</ref> <ref>National Archives: Explanatory note describing Metropolitan Police District in 1991. Retrieved January 30, 2006.</ref>:

The anomaly of having the Metropolitan Police responsible for areas outside the Greater London boundary continued until the Greater London Authority Act 1999 set up a Police Authority for Greater London (it previously having been under central government control), and consequently redefined the outer boundaries of the MPD to match Greater London. The excised county areas were reassigned to Essex Police, Hertfordshire Constabulary and Surrey Police. <ref>HMSO, Greater London Authority Act 1999. 1999 c. 29</ref>

[edit] Exceptions

Not all parts of London, although within the boundaries of the MPD, are policed by the Metropolitan Police. The Greater London Authority Act 1999 defines the Metropolitan Police District as consisting of "Greater London, excluding the City of London, the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple." The City of London has its own police force, the City of London Police, which also covers the Inner and Middle Temples.

The London Underground and main line railway stations are policed by the British Transport Police, although they form part of the Metropolitan Police District. The Royal Parks of London used to be policed by a separate force called the Royal Parks Constabulary (RPC). The Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 abolished the RPC and placed the parks under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Police.

[edit] References

<references/>fr:District de la Metropolitan Police

Metropolitan Police District

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