Madison County, New York
Learn more about Madison County, New York
|Madison County, New York|
|Image:Madison County ny seal.jpg|
| Image:Map of New York highlighting Madison County.png|
Location in the state of New York
1,713 km² (662 mi²)
sq mi ( km²)
15 km² (6 mi²), 0.86%
Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 69,441. It is named after James Madison, fourth President of the United States of America. Its county seat is Wampsville.
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Madison County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.
In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
Finally, Madison County was created from Chenango County in 1806.
Madison County is located in west central New York State, east of Syracuse, north of Binghamton, and slightly north of due west from Albany. Madison County contains the geographic center of the state at Pratts Hollow in the Town of Eaton.
 Adjacent Counties
- Oneida County, New York - northeast
- Otsego County, New York - southeast
- Chenango County, New York - south
- Cortland County, New York - southwest
- Onondaga County, New York - west
- Oswego County, New York - northwest
As of the census² of 2000, there were 69,441 people, 25,368 households, and 17,580 families residing in the county. The population density was 41/km² (106/mi²). There were 28,646 housing units at an average density of 17/km² (44/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.49% White, 1.32% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population.
There were 25,368 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,184, and the median income for a family was $47,889. Males had a median income of $33,069 versus $25,026 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,105. About 6.30% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.
 Cities, Towns, and Villages
- Brookfield (town)
- Canastota (village)
- Cazenovia (village)
- Cazenovia (town)
- Chittenango (village)
- DeRuyter (village)
- DeRuyter (town)
- Earlville (village)
- Eaton (town)
- Fenner (town)
- Georgetown (town)
- Hamilton (village)
- Hamilton (town)
- Lebanon (town)
- Lenox (town)
- Lincoln (town)
- Madison (village)
- Madison (town)
- Morrisville (village)
- Munnsville (village)
- Nelson (town)
- Oneida (city)
- Smithfield (town)
- Stockbridge (town)
- Sullivan (town)
- Wampsville (village)
- Label in parentheses indicates official political level
 Adjacent counties and areas
Chenango County is across the southern border. Onondaga and Cortland Counties form the western border. Otsego County forms a short boundary in the southwest part of Madison County. Oneida County shares a long northeast border with Madison County. Oneida Lake is the northern border with part of Oswego County on the opposite shore.
 Additional Madison County Information
 External links
- Madison County, NY
- Brief history of Madison County
- Early Madison County history
- Historical summaries of Madison County history, maps, photos
- Information on hotels, B&B's, Country Inns and attractions in Madison County
- Madison County Bicentennial web page