London railway station
Learn more about London railway station
For reasons linked to the original construction of the railways in London it is instead served by several main terminus stations, which form a ring around Central London (the majority of which are connected by the Circle Line of the London Underground) and are served by different lines connected to parts of the country. Many lines split in order to serve termini in or near both the City of London and the West End of London, and some stations have terminal and/or through platforms with connections to other principal London railway stations. Stations on lines to different places are sometimes located near to each other, but can also be up to 4 miles (6.4 km) apart. Only one railway line - Thameslink - passes directly through the central area without terminating.
All the main stations are located in Travelcard Zone 1, and most are managed by Network Rail, unlike most other railway stations in the United Kingdom, which are owned by Network Rail but managed by a train operating company. Most stations are also a principal destination for routes which serve the London suburbs, and all have either direct or nearby connections to the London Underground network.
 List of stations
There are around 350 further stations served by National Rail in the Greater London area, of which all can be reached from one of the main central stations. Nine of the ten busiest UK stations are in London. The main central London stations are:
- ¹ - figure includes London Underground passengers
- ² - will also become the terminus of Eurostar and of high-speed services from Kent in 2007
- ³ - also the terminus of Eurostar services until 2007
- 4 - not in millions
 Closed stations
The large number of major railway stations has broadly escaped any rationalisation despite coming into common ownership in the 1940s. However, a number of stations have closed for one reason or another:
- 19th Century closures
Bishopsgate was converted into a major freight terminal and was in use until 1964 when it was damaged by fire. The majority of the buildings were demolished in 2004 to make way for the new Shoreditch High Street railway station. Minories was utilised as an alternative terminus until the resiting of Fenchurch Street in 1854. The original site was reused for Tower Gateway DLR station.
- 20th Century closures
Holborn Viaduct was a significant terminal station located close to Blackfriars until it was made redundant by the reopening of the Snow Hill tunnel through route and replaced by City Thameslink. Broad Street was the terminus of a network of commuter lines in east and west London linked using the North London Line. It suffered by the expansion of the bus, tram and tube networks and was finally closed in 1986.
 See also
 External links
| Railway stations of London|
Central area | Greater London
|Managed by Network Rail: Cannon Street • Charing Cross • Euston • Fenchurch Street • King's Cross • Liverpool Street • London Bridge • Paddington • Victoria • Waterloo|
|Managed by train operator: Blackfriars • Marylebone • Moorgate • St Pancras|