Learn more about London borough
- Further information: London Portal
|† not a London borough|
The London boroughs are administered by 'London Borough Councils' which are elected every four years (Westminster has city status and its council is called a 'City Council'). The boroughs are the most important unit of local government in London, and are responsible for running most local services in their areas, such as schools, social services, waste collection and roads. Some London-wide services are run by the Greater London Authority, and some services and lobbying of government are pooled within the Association of London Government, which recently changed its name to London Councils.
The London boroughs are local government districts and have similar functions to metropolitan boroughs. Each London borough is a Local Education Authority. Until 1990 the Inner London boroughs were served by a shared LEA, the Inner London Education Authority.
The present boroughs came into existence on 1 April 1965 with the creation of Greater London. The first London Borough elections had been held in 1964 with the newly elected London Borough Councils acting as "shadow" Authorities before coming into power the following year.
They had wider authority than the inner London metropolitan boroughs and neighbouring urban districts and municipal boroughs which they mostly replaced, but less power than the three county boroughs of Croydon, West Ham and East Ham, which ceased to exist at the same time.
Between 1965 and 1986 the London boroughs were part of a two-tier system of government, and shared power with the Greater London Council (GLC). However on 1 April 1986, the GLC was abolished, the London boroughs inherited most of its powers and became in effect unitary authorities (combining both county and borough functions). Since the creation in 2000 of a new Greater London Authority, covering the former GLC area but with more limited powers, the boroughs now have powers intermediate between those of English unitary authorities and non-metropolitan districts within shire counties.
 Inner London boroughs
|London Borough||Former metropolitan boroughs|
|Camden||Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras|
|Greenwich||Greenwich, most of Woolwich|
|Hackney||Hackney, Shoreditch, Stoke Newington|
|Hammersmith and Fulham||Hammersmith, Fulham|
|Kensington and Chelsea||Kensington, Chelsea|
|Lambeth||Lambeth (and Streatham and Clapham from Wandsworth)|
|Southwark||Bermondsey, Camberwell, Southwark|
|Tower Hamlets||Bethnal Green, Poplar, Stepney|
|Wandsworth||Battersea, Wandsworth (except Streatham and Clapham)|
|Westminster||Paddington, St Marylebone, Westminster|
 Outer London boroughs
See also: List of places in London
 See also
 External links
- Islington council map page with clickable map linking to each borough's web site.
|Greater London | London | City of London Image:Flag of the City of London.svg|
London boroughs: Barking and Dagenham | Barnet | Bexley | Brent | Bromley | Camden | Croydon | Ealing | Enfield | Greenwich | Hackney | Hammersmith and Fulham | Haringey | Harrow | Havering | Hillingdon | Hounslow | Islington | Kensington and Chelsea | Kingston | Lambeth | Lewisham | Merton | Newham | Redbridge | Richmond | Southwark | Sutton | Tower Hamlets | Waltham Forest | Wandsworth | City of Westminster