London Eye

Learn more about London Eye

Jump to: navigation, search
Image:London Eye Twilight April 2006.jpg
The London Eye at twilight

The British Airways London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, opened in 1999 and is the largest observation wheel in the world (a type of Ferris wheel). It stands 135 metres (443 feet) high on the western end of Jubilee Gardens, on the South Bank of the River Thames in Lambeth, London, England, between Westminster and Hungerford Bridges (Coordinates: 51°30′12″N, 00°07′11″W). The wheel is adjacent to London's County Hall, and stands opposite the offices of the Ministry of Defence. The Eye is officially the world's most popular tourist attraction, more popular than the Statue of Liberty, Torre pendente di Pisa and the Eiffel Tower.<ref> Template:Cite web</ref>


[edit] History

Designed by architects David Marks, Julia Barfield, Malcolm Cook, Mark Sparrowhawk, Steven Chilton, and Nic Bailey, the wheel carries 32 sealed and air conditioned passenger capsules attached to its external circumference. It rotates at a rate of 0.26 metres per second or 0.85 feet per second (about 0.9 km/h or 0.5 mph) so that one revolution takes about 30 minutes to complete. The wheel does not usually stop to take on passengers; the rotation rate is so slow that passengers can easily walk on and off the moving capsules at ground level. It is, however, stopped on occasion to allow disabled or elderly passengers time to disembark safely.

The rim of the Eye is supported by tie rods and resembles a huge spoked bicycle wheel, and was depicted as such in a poster advertising a charity cycle race. The wheel is not the first in London; a much smaller ferris wheel once stood opposite Earls Court station during the later part of the 19th century.

The wheel was constructed in sections which were floated up the Thames on barges and assembled lying flat on pontoons. Once the wheel was complete it was raised into an upright position by cranes, being lifted at a rate of 2 degrees per hour until it reached 65 degrees. It was left in that position for a week while engineers prepared for the second phase of the lift. The total weight of steel in the Eye is 1,700 tonnes.

The Eye was opened by British Prime Minister Tony Blair at 20.00 GMT on December 31, 1999, although it was not opened to the public until March 2000 because of technical problems. Since its opening, the Eye, operated by Tussauds Group but sponsored by British Airways, has become a major landmark and tourist attraction. Recently, The London Eye was voted the world's best tourist attraction in a poll commissioned by the snack company Pringles.

Capsules at the top of the wheel

By July 2002 around 8.5 million people had ridden the Eye. It had planning permission only for five years, but at that time Lambeth Council agreed to plans to make the attraction permanent.

Although the Eye is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the tallest observation wheel in the world, it is unlikely to keep that title for long. Plans have been announced to build a 170 m wheel on the Las Vegas Strip, a 185 m wheel dubbed "Giant Wheel" planned to open in 2008 in Berlin and a 200 m wheel in Shanghai. (By comparison, the original Ferris wheel at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition was 75 m high).

On the 28th of August 2003 David Blaine famously stood on one of the capsules, as it went around for a full 30 minute cycle, in preparation for his 'Above the Below' stunt.<ref> Template:Cite web</ref>

Since 1 January 2005, the Eye has been the focal point of London's New Year celebrations, with 10-minute fireworks displays taking place, involving fireworks fired from the eye itself.

As of 2006, Tussauds owns 100% of the Eye, with British Airways continuing its brand association with the landmark. Tussauds, British Airways and the Marks Barfield family (the lead architects) had previously owned one-third of the Eye each, with the airline also providing the original construction loans.

It was announced in 2006 that the Tussaud's Group £85 Annual Pass could also be used on the London Eye.

[edit] Financial controversy

On 19 May 2005 there were reports of a leaked letter showing that the South Bank Centre — owners of part of the land on which the struts of the eye are located — served a notice to quit on the attraction along with a demand for an increase in rent from £65,000 per year to £2.5 million, which the operators have rejected as unaffordable [1].

One of 32 sealed and air conditioned passenger capsules

On 25 May 2005, London mayor Ken Livingstone vowed that the landmark would remain in London. He also pledged that if the row were not resolved he would use his powers to ask the London Development Agency to issue a compulsory purchase order [2]. The land in question is a small part of the Jubilee Gardens, which was given to the SBC for £1 when the Greater London Council was broken up.

The South Bank Centre and the British Airways London Eye agreed a 25-year lease on 8 February 2006, after a judicial review over the rent row. The lease agreement meant that the South Bank Centre, a publicly-funded charity, would receive at least £500,000 a year from the attraction, the status of which is secured for the foreseeable future. Tussauds also announced that the acquisition of the entire one-third interests of British Airways and the Marks Barfield family in the Eye, as well as the outstanding debt to BA. These agreements gave Tussauds 100% ownership of the Eye and resolved a debt problem from the Eye's original construction loan from British Airways that had stood at more than £150 million by mid-2005 and had been increasing at 25% per annum.

[edit] The London Eye in film and television

  • It is seen as Edina and Patsy drive by it in an episode of Absolutely Fabulous
  • It is one of the locations of Bride and Prejudice (2004)
  • It features as a central element in the storyline of the episode Rose in the 2005 season of Doctor Who. The London Eye is the source of the transmission of a signal by the Nestene Consciousness.
  • In 2005, it was used on the reality show The Amazing Race Season 7, in which teams had to go to the top of the London Eye to search for a location with the help of binoculars.
  • In the 2004 movie Thunderbirds, Thunderbird 2 flies through London and lands next to the London Eye.
  • Two characters from the comedy show The League of Gentlemen are seen riding it in the spin-off The League of Gentlemen's Apocalypse, much to the confusion of nearby tourists.
  • On The Simpsons, Homer and Marge Simpson rode on it in search of their children (Bart and Lisa) in "The Regina Monologues" episode.
  • Part of BBMak's music video "Back Here" was filmed on the wheel.
  • An episode of Hustle opens with a confidence scheme to sell someone the London Eye.
  • The movie If Only has a scene that takes place in a private capsule of the London Eye.
  • Wimbledon, starring Kirsten Dunst, also features a scene on the London Eye.
  • In an old episode of Eastenders, Jim proposed to Dot in one of the capsules of the London Eye.
  • The movie Agent Cody Banks 2 had a scene in a car of the London Eye.
  • It is one of many landmarks in the first Midnight Club video game.
  • The officers from The Bill spend time in the London Eye at the end of the 16-Nov-06 episode, having a leaving do for PC Yvonne Hemmingway.
  • In the season one final of Tripping Over Tamsin and Sam hold their wedding in one of the pods.

[edit] See also

[edit] Nearest rail and tube stations

National Rail

London Underground

"River Bus" services

[edit] References

<references />

[edit] External links

da:The London Eye de:London Eye es:London Eye eo:Londona Okulo fr:Millennium Wheel id:London Eye he:לונדון איי nl:London Eye ja:ロンドン・アイ no:London Eye pl:London Eye pt:London Eye sr:Лондонско око fi:London Eye sv:The London Eye zh:倫敦眼

London Eye

Personal tools
what is world wizzy?
  • World Wizzy is a static snapshot taken of Wikipedia in early 2007. It cannot be edited and is online for historic & educational purposes only.