London Bridge station

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Image:LondonBridge.gif London Bridge
Image:London bridge station.jpg
Location
Place London Bridge
Local authority Southwark
Operations
Managed by Network Rail
Platforms in use 15
National Rail
Station code LBG
Annual entry/exit
37.020 million *
Transport for London
Zone 1
History
Key dates Opened 1836
Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail
* based on sales of tickets in 2004/05 financial year which end or originate at this station. Disclaimer (PDF)
BR Portal

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London Bridge station is a National Rail and London Underground station in the London Borough of Southwark, which occupies a large area on two levels, immediately south-east of London Bridge and 1.6 miles (2.6 km) east of Charing Cross. It is one of the oldest railway stations in the world still in operation.

The mainline station is one of 17 UK railway stations managed by Network Rail and is a major transport terminus and interchange for central London.

The tube station serves the Jubilee and Northern lines and consists of a ticket hall and entrance area with its main frontage on Tooley Street. The station is in Travelcard Zone 1. London Bridge is one of three rail termini in London not to have either a direct connection, or a connection within easy walking distance, to the Circle Line (the others are Marylebone and Waterloo).

Contents

[edit] History

London Bridge is the oldest railway station in London and was opened in 1836. Today it serves over 42 million people a year. The current station originated as two separate stations and this is why there is the current combination of through and terminal platforms that make up the station.

[edit] Chronology

  • The London and Greenwich Railway (later South East Railway) station opened on 14 December 1836.
  • The London and Croydon Railway (later London Brighton and South Coast Railway) station opened on 5 June 1839.
  • The joint station opened in July 1844 and was demolished six years later in 1850.
  • The new South East Railway (SER) and London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR) stations opened on 3 January 1851.
  • The LBSCR station was demolished and rebuilt in 1853 then extended in 1866.
  • The Terminus hotel opened in 1861, was turned into offices for the LBSCR in 1892 then demolished in 1941.
  • The original London and Greenwich platforms were demolished and new high level through platforms opened in January 1864.
  • The station was unified by the Southern region in 1928.
  • British Rail undertook large scale rebuilding and a new station opened on 15 September 1978.

[edit] Station design

  • The 1839 London and Croydon Railway station had a wooden trussed pitched roof, spanning 56ft by 212ft.
  • The 1866 LBSCR station had a one-span, trussed arch roof, measuring 88ft by 655ft, and was designed by J. Hawkshaw and F. D. Banister.
  • The 1978 redevelopment was undertaken by N. G. T. Wikeley, regional architect for British Rail Southern.

[edit] National Rail

Image:London Bridge railway station platform.jpg
National Rail terminal platforms

The through platforms (numbered 1-6) are to the north of the station and are served by trains originating or terminating at Cannon Street and Charing Cross, and consist mostly of Southeastern suburban services to south-east London and Kent. These platforms are also served by First Capital Connect services which connect Bedford and Luton with Brighton via central London.

The terminal platforms (numbered 8-16) are to the south of the station and are mostly served by Southern services to south London and the south coast.

Preceding station National Rail Following station
London Blackfriars   First Capital Connect
Thameslink
  East Croydon
London Cannon Street   Southeastern   Deptford
London Waterloo East   Southeastern
Dartford Loop Line
Orpington via Grove Park line
London to Dover via Ashford
Hastings Line
  New Cross
London Waterloo East   Southern   New Cross Gate
Terminus   Southern   South Bermondsey
Terminus   Southeastern
London Bridge to Tunbridge Wells
(via Redhill and East Croydon)
  Norwood Junction

[edit] Future Expansion

London Bridge station is due to get a major revamp to enable the station to accommodate the Thameslink 2000 project. The station will need to increase its through platform capacity from six to nine. Current space restrictions means that many options have been sieved through, even creating a two-level concourse, similar to Waterloo Station. The plan is to now reduce the number of terminating platforms from nine to six respectively. Currently, there is no set completion date for the project, with construction work billed to begin in 2007.

Shard London Bridge, which will become the tallest skyscraper in Western Europe, is also planned to be constructed directly above the station.

[edit] London Underground

Image:LondonBridgeUnderground Nameboard.png Image:Handicap reverse 12px.svg
Image:London bridge tube station.jpg
Location
Place The Borough
Local authority Southwark
Operations
Managed by London Underground
Platforms in use 4
Transport for London
Zone 1
Annual entry/exit 44.362 million †
History
1900
1999
Opened by C&SLR
Jubilee Line started

Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail
† Data from Transport for London [1]

The Underground station is between Borough and Bank on the Northern line, and between Southwark and Bermondsey on the Jubilee Line.

The Northern Line section of the station opened on 25 February 1900 as part of the City & South London Railway's (C&SLR's) revised route from Borough to Bank and Moorgate. Originally trains had run to a terminus at King William Street bypassing London Bridge, but the construction of a new station at Bank to provide greater capacity and to allow northward extension of the line required a new tunnel alignment and provided the opportunity for a station to be constructed at London Bridge. The original station entrance was on the corner of London Bridge Street and Station Approach but has since been moved. Entrances to the station are now in Borough High Street and Tooley Street. The Northern Line platforms were rebuilt during the late 1990s to increase the platform and circulation areas in preparation for the opening of the Jubilee line.

The Jubilee Line section of the station opened on 7 October 1999, although trains had been running through the station non-stop from the previous month. The station is part of the Jubilee Line Extension. To enable the Jubilee Line to be constructed months of major engineering works to relocate buried services in the surrounding streets had to be undertaken. For the introduction of the new service a new ticket hall was created in the arches under the main line station, providing an improved railway and tube interchange. During excavations to prepare the new ticket hall, a variety of Roman remains were found including pottery and fragments of mosaics; some of these are now on display in the station.

The station has two platforms on each line and two main sets of escalators to and from the Tooley Street ticket hall. All four platforms are also directly accessible from the Borough High Street entrance/exit.

Preceding station Underground Lines Following station
Southwark   Jubilee Line   Bermondsey
Borough   Northern Line
(City branch)
  Bank

[edit] River Service/London Bridge City Pier

London Bridge City Pier is on the river Thames, slightly north of the mainline railway station. It is served by Thames Clipper river boat services, connecting London Bridge to the Docklands and Greenwich in the east, and to the Savoy Hotel to the west.


Preceding Pier London River Services Following Pier
Bankside Pier (Tate Modern)   Commuter Service   St Katherine's Dock

[edit] Railway chronology

  • London and Greenwich Railway (later South Eastern Railway) station opened 14 December 1836.
  • London and Croydon Railway (later London, Brighton and South Coast Railway) station opened 5 June 1839.
  • Joint station opened July 1844; demolished in 1850.
  • New SER and LBSCR stations opened on 3 January 1851.
  • LBSCR station demolished and rebuilt in 1853; extended in 1866 (present station).
  • Original London and Greenwich platforms demolished and new high-level through platforms opened 11 January 1864.
  • Station unified by the Southern Railway 1928.
  • Large scale rebuilding by British Rail opened 15 September 1978.
  • Terminus Hotel opened 1861; purchased by the LBSCR for offices in 1893; demolished 1941.

Station design

  • 1839 L&CR station wooden-trussed pitched roof, one span 56 ft by 212 ft, designed by J. Gibbs(?)
  • 1866 LBSCR station, one span, trussed-arch roof, 88 ft by 655 ft, designed by J. Hawkshaw / F.D. Banister.
  • 1978 redevelopment by British Rail Southern Region Regional Architect, N.G.T. Wikeley

[edit] Railway incidents

Although no recorded accidents have occurred at London Bridge Station, the Spa Road Junction rail crash occurred a short distance outside the station.

[edit] Other nearby stations

[edit] Railway

[edit] London Underground

[edit] External links

 

Railway stations of London
Central area | Greater London
Managed by Network Rail: Cannon StreetCharing CrossEustonFenchurch StreetKing's CrossLiverpool StreetLondon BridgePaddingtonVictoriaWaterloo
Managed by train operator: BlackfriarsMaryleboneMoorgateSt Pancras
de:Bahnhof Liverpool Street

no:London Bridge stasjon pl:London Bridge Station

London Bridge station

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