London Borough of Newham

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London Borough of Newham
Image:LondonNewham.png
Shown within Greater London
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 326th
36.22 km²
ONS code 00BB
Admin HQ East Ham
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 42nd (of 354)
246,200
6,797 / km²
Ethnicity 39.4% White
32.5% South Asian
21.6% Afro-Caribbean
3.7% Mixed race
2.8% Chinese
0.1% Arab
Politics
Leadership Mayor & Cabinet
Mayor Sir Robin Wales
Executive Labour
MPs Lyn Brown
Jim Fitzpatrick
Stephen Timms
London Assembly
— Member
City and East
John Biggs
Coat of Arms
Official website http://www.newham.gov.uk/
Image:Newham Town Hall.jpg
Newham Town Hall in East Ham (E6)
Image:London Borough of Newham.jpg
Logo on the roadside at sunset

The London Borough of Newham is a London borough in East London, England.

It is situated 5 miles east of the City of London and north of the River Thames. It is the most ethnically diverse district in England.


Contents

[edit] History

The borough was formed in 1 April 1965 by merging the former area of the County Borough of East Ham and the County Borough of West Ham. Green Street marks the former boundary between the two. North Woolwich also became part of the borough (previously being in the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich) along with a small area west of the River Roding which had previously been part of the Municipal Borough of Barking.

According to a study carried out in 2006 for a Channel 4 television programme, it is the "4th worst" place to live in the UK; the study took into account crime rates, school results, pollution, economic activity and property prices. In the same study, neighbouring Tower Hamlets and Hackney came in at 2nd and 1st place respectively.

[edit] Borders

Newham borders the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham by the River Roding to the east, Greenwich by the Thames to the south, Tower Hamlets and Hackney by the River Lee to the west and Waltham Forest and Redbridge by Wanstead Flats to the north.

[edit] Council and democracy

Unlike most English districts, its council is led by a directly-elected mayor, currently Robin Wales. Since 2002, one of the councillors has been appointed as the "civic ambassador", and has performed the civic and ceremonial role previously carried out by the mayor.

Census information indicates Newham is the most culturally diverse place in the United Kingdom. The council likes to claim that it is the most culturally diverse place on Earth. The borough is the local authority with the second highest percentage of Muslims in Britain (24.3).

Although statistically counted as part of Inner London, the borough is still considered part of Outer London for purposes such as funding. This is because the majority of Newham was not part the 1889-1965 County of London. However, much of the borough has historically formed part of London's built-up area and economically it is one of the more deprived districts. The council is actively campaigning to have Newham officially considered part of Inner London for all purposes in order to increase its level of government grant by £60 million. <ref>Other Stories we Liked, The Times. 22 November 2005.</ref>

[edit] 2012 Olympics

Newham will be one of the host boroughs for the 2012 Summer Olympics. Something in excess of 60% of the Games will take place within the borough. Newham also falls within the boundaries of the London Thames Gateway.

[edit] Education

[edit] Secondary schools

[edit] Places of interest

  • ExCeL Exhibition Centre
  • Gallions Reach Shopping Park
  • Green Street, the largest shopping centre catering for the Asian community in London,www.green-st.co.uk
  • London City Airport
  • North Woolwich Old Station Museum
  • Newham Sixth Form College
  • The Royal Docks,comprise three docks - the Royal Albert Dock the Royal Victoria Dock and the King George V Dock built between 1880 and 1921 on riverside marshes. The three docks collectively formed the largest enclosed docks in the world with a water area of nearly 250 acres (1 km²) and an overall estate of 1100 acres (4 km²). Constructed to provide berths for large vessels that could not be accommodated further upriver. The Royal Docks were finally closed for shipping in 1981.
  • Stratford Circus
  • St. Mark's Church, Silvertown The church was designed by Samuel Saunders Teulon. It was built between 1861 and 1862 after a cholera epidemic swept the district and local clergy appealed through the columns of The Times for funds to provide an architectural, as well as spiritual, beacon for the area. It is now the home of the Brick Lane Music Hall.
  • Thames Barrier Park London's newest and most spectacular riverside park, developed following an international competition won by a team led by the acclaimed French landscape architect, Alain Provost, best known for his work at the Parc Citroen in Paris.
  • Theatre Royal Stratford East
  • Three Mills, a magnificent restored mill complex on the east bank of the River Lea. A trading site for nearly a thousand years, Three Mills itself was built in 1776 and was the country's largest tidal mill complex and an important industrial centre. It has been restored as a working museum and contains much of its original machinery including four large waterwheels, millstones and grain chutes.
Image:Green Street.jpg
Vibrant Green Street where the population is predominantly South Asian
  • University of East London
  • Wanstead Flats, the southern-most part of Epping Forest comprising a mix of rough grassland and mown areas.
  • West Ham Park
  • West Ham United F.C.
  • Stratford Shopping Centre, one of the biggest shopping centres in Newham, home to over 100 shops specialising in everything from knitting to music, from ethnic foods to aromatherapy.
  • The Hub, a revolutionary community resource centre built by the local community, in Star Lane, E16, featuring up to the minute "green" features
  • Grassroots, also built by the local community and another revolutionary green resource centre built by the community. Grass Roots is in Memorial Recreation Ground, E13.

[edit] Districts

[edit] Transport

Transport in Newham has seen vast improvement in recent decades with the construction of the Docklands Light Railway and the Jubilee Line Extension with new or improved stations at Canning Town, West Ham and Stratford. Newham is home to London City Airport and the Channel Tunnel Rail Link is being constructed through Newham with a station at Stratford which will offer fast domestic and international train services. The Stratford International station is due to open in 2009. The Crossrail scheme will also improve rail connections to several stations in the borough. A further extension to the Docklands Light Railway will serve London City Airport and will connect Newham with Woolwich.

[edit] List of stations

[edit] See also

[edit] References

<references/>

[edit] External links


Greater London | London | City of London Image:Flag of the City of London.svg

London Portal

London boroughs: Barking and Dagenham | Barnet | Bexley | Brent | Bromley | Camden | Croydon | Ealing | Enfield | Greenwich | Hackney | Hammersmith and Fulham | Haringey | Harrow | Havering | Hillingdon | Hounslow | Islington | Kensington and Chelsea | Kingston | Lambeth | Lewisham | Merton | Newham | Redbridge | Richmond | Southwark | Sutton | Tower Hamlets | Waltham Forest | Wandsworth | City of Westminster

Sui generis: City of London

Enclaves: Inner Temple | Middle Temple

Coordinates: 51°31′N 0°02′Ecs:Newham (londýnský obvod) de:London Borough of Newham fr:Newham hu:Newham kerület nl:Newham no:Newham ro:Newham (burg)

London Borough of Newham

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