List of sovereign states

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This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states.

Contents: Criteria for inclusion - List of states: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z - Notes - Other listings

[edit] Criteria for inclusion

This list derives its definition of a sovereign state from Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention from 1933. According to the Convention, a sovereign state should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population, (b) a defined territory, (c) government, and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. The list includes all states that satisfy these criteria and claim independence.

The notes include information on:

  • The reason why a non-de jure state is listed (also listed at the de jure state) <ref name=dejure>This list includes some de facto independent countries. More information can be found at the list of unrecognized countries.</ref>
  • The overseas dependencies <ref name=overseas>Some sovereign states have overseas dependencies, generally not part of the territory of the state. More information can be found at the List of dependent countries.</ref>
  • The federal structures if applicable <ref name=federal>Some sovereign states have more or less federal structures. More information can be found at a List of federations.</ref>
  • The autonomous areas inside the territory of the sovereign state <ref name=autonomous>Some sovereign states have one or more autonomous areas as part of the their territory; see List of autonomous areas by country.</ref>

The names are given in English and in the official language(s) of the state.

  • The names in English are the short official names (e.g. Afghanistan) followed by the (long) official name (e.g. The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan).
  • The names in the native languages are the short and official names in the official language(s). If needed, they have been transliterated into Romanized characters, but original scripts (such as Cyrillic or Chinese characters) are included. When possible, the romanization preferred by the country has been used.

The listing of any name in this article is not meant to imply an official position in any naming dispute. Entities considered to be micronations that are internationally not recognized are not included.

There are 201 entities on this list. The breakdown into categories is as follows:

Unlisted are the following states that fail to reach the criteria but which customary international law nonetheless might define as states under the Montevideo Convention:

Also not listed below are various disputed territories which cannot be justifiably assigned to the latter category, including Jubaland and Puntland (Somalia), Cabinda (Angola), Kosovo (Serbia), Kurdistan (Iraq), Kurdistan (Turkey) and numerous others. For a more inclusive list that includes dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty, see list of countries.

[edit] List of states

[edit] A

Image:Flag of Abkhazia.svg Abkhazia — Republic of Abkhazia Flag
  • Abkhazian: Apsny / Аҧсны; Respublika Abxazija / Республика Абхазия
  • Russian: Apsny / Апсны; Respublika Abxazija / Республика Абхазия
Image:Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan — Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Flag
  • Pashto: Afġānistān / افغانستان — Da Afġānistān Islāmī jomhoriyat/ د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
  • Persian (Dari): Afġānestān / افغانستان — Jamhorīyē Eslāmī-ye Afġānistān/جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
Image:Flag of Albania.svg Albania — Republic of Albania Flag
  • Albanian: Shqipëria — Republika e Shqipërise
Image:Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria — People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Jazā'ir / الجمهورية الجزائرية — Al-Jumhūrīyah al-Jazā’irīyah ad-Dīmuqrāţīyah ash-Sha’bīyah / الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Image:Flag of Andorra.svg Andorra — Principality of Andorra Flag
  • Catalan: Andorra — Principat d’Andorra
Image:Flag of Angola.svg Angola — Republic of Angola Flag
  • Portuguese: Angola - República de Angola
Image:Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda<ref name=autonomous /> Flag
  • English: Antigua and Barbuda
Image:Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina<ref name=federal /> — Argentine Nation orArgentine Republic Flag
  • Spanish: Argentina — Nación Argentina or República Argentina
Image:Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia — Republic of Armenia Flag
  • Armenian: Hayastan / Հայաստան — Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun / Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Image:Flag of Australia.svg Australia<ref name=federal /> — Commonwealth of Australia Flag
  • English: Australia — Commonwealth of Australia
Image:Flag of Austria.svg Austria<ref name=federal /> — Republic of Austria Flag
  • German: Österreich — Republik Österreich
Image:Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan<ref name=dejure /><ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of Azerbaijan Flag
  • Azeri: Azərbaycan — Azərbaycan Respublikası

[edit] B

Image:Flag of the Bahamas.svg The Bahamas — Commonwealth of the Bahamas Flag of
  • English: The Bahamas — Commonwealth of the Bahamas
Image:Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain — Kingdom of Bahrain Flag
  • Arabic: al-Barayn / بحرين - Mamlakat al Bahrayn / مملكة البحرين
Image:Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh — People's Republic of Bangladesh Flag
  • Bengali: Banglādeś / বাংলাদেশ — Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh - গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ
Image:Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados Flag
  • English: Barbados
Image:Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus — Republic of Belarus Flag
  • Belarusian: Bjelarúś / Белару́сь — Respublika Biełaruś / Рэспу́бліка Белару́сь
  • Russian: Bjelorússija / Белору́ссия
Image:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium<ref name=federal /> — Kingdom of Belgium Flag
  • Dutch: België — Koninkrijk België
  • French: Belgique — Royaume de Belgique
  • German: Belgien — Königreich Belgien
Image:Flag of Belize.svg Belize Flag
  • English: Belize
Image:Flag of Benin.svg Benin — Republic of Benin Flag
  • French: Bénin — République du Bénin
Image:Flag of Bhutan.svg Bhutan — Kingdom of Bhutan Flag
  • Dzongkha: Druk Yul / འབྲུག་ཡུལ — Druk Gyal Khab
Image:Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia — Republic of Bolivia Flag
  • Spanish: Bolivia — República de Bolivia
  • Quechua: Bulibiya
  • Aymara: Wuliwya
Image:Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina<ref name=autonomous /> Flag
  • Bosnian: Bosna i Hercegovina
  • Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина
  • Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina
Image:Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana — Republic of Botswana Flag
  • Tswana: Botswana — Lefatshe la Botswana
  • English: Botswana — Republic of Botswana
Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil<ref name=federal /> — Federative Republic of Brazil Flag
  • Portuguese: Brasil — República Federativa do Brasil
Image:Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei — State of Brunei Darussalam Flag
  • Malay: Brunei Darussalam — Negara Brunei Darussalam
Image:Flag of Bulgaria (bordered).svg Bulgaria — Republic of Bulgaria Flag
  • Bulgarian: Bălgarija / България - Republika Bălgarija / Република България
Image:Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso Flag
  • French: Burkina Faso
Image:Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi — Republic of Burundi Flag
  • Kirundi: Uburundi — Republika y'Uburundi
  • French: Burundi — République du Burundi

[edit] C

Image:Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia — Kingdom of Cambodia Flag
  • Cambodian: Kampuchea / កម្ពុជា — Preah Reachea Nachakr Kampuchea / ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ កម្ពុជា
Image:Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon — Republic of Cameroon Flag
  • French: Cameroun — République du Cameroun
  • English: Cameroon — Republic of Cameroon
Image:Flag of Canada.svg Canada<ref name=federal /> <ref name=Canada>The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see
Canada's name, Dominion.</ref> — Canada Flag
  • English: Canada
  • French: Canada
Image:Flag of Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde — Republic of Cape Verde Flag
  • Portuguese: Cabo Verde — República de Cabo Verde
Image:Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic — Central African Republic Flag of
  • French: République Centrafricaine
  • Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Image:Flag of Chad.svg Chad — Republic of Chad Flag
  • French: Tchad — République du Tchad
  • Arabic: Tašād / تشاد — Jumhuriyat Tašād /جمهوريّة تشاد
Image:Flag of Chile (bordered).svg Chile — Republic of Chile Flag
  • Spanish: Chile — República de Chile
Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China <ref name=autonomous /> Flag
  • Chinese: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó / 中华人民共和国
Image:Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China Flag
  • Chinese: JhongHuá MínGuó / 中華民國
Image:Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia — Republic of Colombia Flag
  • Spanish: Colombia - República de Colombia
Image:Flag of the Comoros.svg Comoros <ref name=federal /> — Union of the Comoros Flag
  • French: Comores — Union des Comores
  • Comorian: Komori — Udzima wa Komori
  • Arabic: Qumur / قمر — الاتحاد القمر

Image:Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo — Republic of the Congo Flag of

  • French: Congo — République du Congo

Image:Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Congo — Democratic Republic of the Congo Flag of

  • French: Congo — République Démocratique du Congo
Image:Flag of Costa Rica (state).svg Costa Rica — Republic of Costa Rica Flag
  • Spanish: Costa Rica — República de Costa Rica
Image:Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire<ref name=ivoire>Also known as Ivory Coast (which was formerly its official name).</ref> — Republic of Côte d'Ivoire Flag of
  • French: Côte d'Ivoire — République de Côte d'Ivoire
Image:Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia — Republic of Croatia Flag
  • Croatian: Hrvatska — Republika Hrvatska
Image:Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba — Republic of Cuba Flag
  • Spanish: Cuba — República de Cuba
Image:Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus — Republic of Cyprus Flag
  • Greek: Kypros / Κυπρος — Kypriaki Dimokratia / Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία
  • Turkish: Kıbrıs — Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Image:Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Flag
  • Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Image:Flag of the Czech Republic (bordered).svg Czech Republic, or Czechia — Czech Republic Flag
  • Czech: Česko — Česká republika

[edit] D

Image:Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark2 — Kingdom of Denmark Flag
  • Danish: Danmark — Kongeriget Danmark
Image:Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti — Republic of Djibouti Flag
  • French:: Djibouti — République de Djibouti
  • Arabic: Jibuti / جيبوتي — Jumhuriyaa Jibuti / جمهورية جيبوتي
Image:Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica — Commonwealth of Dominica Flag
  • English: Dominica — Commonwealth of Dominica
Image:Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic Flag of
  • Spanish: República Dominicana

[edit] E

Image:Flag of East Timor.svg East Timor — Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste Flag

  • Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e — Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
  • Portuguese: Timor-Leste — República Democrática de Timor-Leste
Image:Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador — Republic of Ecuador Flag
  • Spanish: Ecuador — República del Ecuador
Image:Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt — Arab Republic of Egypt Flag
  • Arabic: Mişr / مصر — Jumhuriyat Mişr al-Arabiyah / جمهوريّة مصرالعربيّة
Image:Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador — Republic of El Salvador Flag
  • Spanish: El Salvador — República de El Salvador
Image:Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea — Republic of Equatorial Guinea Flag
  • Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial — Républica de Guinea Ecuatorial
Image:Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea — State of Eritrea Flag
  • Tigrinya: Ertra / ኤርትራ — Hagere Ertra / ሃግሬ ኤርትራ
  • Arabic: Irītriyā / إريتريا
Image:Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia — Republic of Estonia Flag
  • Estonian: Eesti — Eesti Vabariik
Image:Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia<ref name=federal /> — Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Flag
  • Amharic: Ityop'iya / ኢትዮጵያ — Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik / የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ

[edit] F

Image:Flag of Fiji.svg Fiji<ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of the Fiji Islands Flag
  • English: Fiji — Republic of the Fiji Islands
  • Fijian: Viti — Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti
Image:Flag of Finland (bordered).svg Finland<ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of Finland Flag
  • Finnish: Suomi — Suomen tasavalta
  • Swedish: Finland — Republiken Finland
Image:Flag of France.svg France<ref name=overseas /> — French Republic Flag
  • French: France — République Française

[edit] G

Image:Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon — Gabonese Republic Flag
  • French: Gabon — République Gabonaise
Image:Flag of The Gambia.svg Gambia — Republic of The Gambia Flag
  • English: The Gambia — Republic of the Gambia
Image:Flag of Georgia (bordered).svg Georgia<ref name=autonomous /> Flag
  • Georgian: Sak’art’velo / საქართველო
Image:Flag of Germany.svg Germany<ref name=federal /> — Federal Republic of Germany Flag
  • German: Deutschland — Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Image:Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana — Republic of Ghana Flag
  • English: Ghana — Republic of Ghana
Image:Flag of Greece.svg Greece<ref name=autonomous /> — Hellenic Republic Flag
  • Greek:Ellás / Ελλάδα — Ellinikí Dimokratía / Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Image:Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada<ref name=autonomous /> Flag
  • English: Grenada
Image:Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala — Republic of Guatemala Flag
  • Spanish: Guatemala — República de Guatemala
Image:Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea — Republic of Guinea Flag
  • French: Guinée — République de Guinée
Image:Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau — Republic of Guinea-Bissau Flag
  • Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau — Repùblica da Guiné-Bissau
Image:Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana — Republic of Guyana Flag
  • English: Guyana — Republic of Guyana

[edit] H

Image:Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti — Republic of Haiti Flag
  • French: Haïti — République d'Haïti
  • Haitian Creole: Ayiti — Repiblik Dayiti
Image:Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras — Republic of Honduras Flag
  • Spanish: Honduras — República de Honduras
Image:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary — Republic of Hungary Flag
  • Hungarian: Magyarország — Magyar Köztársaság

[edit] I

Image:Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland — Republic of Iceland Flag
  • Icelandic: Ísland — Lýðveldið Ísland
Image:Flag of India.svg India<ref name=federal /> — Republic of India Flag
  • Hindi: Bhārat / भारत — Bhārat Ganarājya / भारत गणराज्य
  • English: India — Republic of India
Image:Flag of Indonesia (bordered).svg Indonesia — Republic of Indonesia Flag
  • Indonesian: Indonesia — Republik Indonesia
Image:Flag of Iran.svg Iran — Islamic Republic of Iran Flag
  • Persian: Īrān / ایران — Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Īrān / جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Image:Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq — Republic of Iraq Flag
  • Arabic: Al-ʿĪrāq / العراق — Al-Jumhuriyah Al-Iraqiyah / الجمهورية العراقية
  • Kurdish: ʿIraq / عیراق — Komara Iraqê / عیراق

Image:Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland — Republic of Ireland Flag

  • Irish: Éire - Poblacht na hÉireann
  • English: Ireland - Republic of Ireland
Image:Flag of Israel (bordered).svg Israel — State of Israel Flag
  • Hebrew: Yisra'el / ישראל — Medinat Yisra'el / מדינת ישראל
  • Arabic: Isra'il / اسرائيل — Daulat Isra'il / دولة اسرائيل
Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy — Italian Republic Flag
  • Italian: Italia — Repubblica Italiana

[edit] J

Image:Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica Flag
  • English: Jamaica
Image:Flag of Japan (bordered).svg Japan Flag
  • Japanese: Nihon / 日本 — Nihon-koku / 日本国
Image:Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan — Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Urdun / الاردن — Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah / المملكة الأردنّيّة الهاشميّة

[edit] K

Image:Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan — Republic of Kazakhstan Flag
  • Kazakh: Qazaqstan / Қазақстан — Qazaqstan Respūblīkasy / Қазақстан Республикасы
  • Russian: Kazachstan / Казахстан — Respublika Kazachstan / Республика Казахстан
Image:Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya — Republic of Kenya Flag
  • English: Kenya — Republic of Kenya
  • Swahili: Kenya — Jamhuri ya Kenya
Image:Flag of Kiribati.svg Kiribati — Republic of Kiribati Flag
  • Kiribati: Kiribati — Ribaberikin Kiribati
  • English: Kiribati — Republic of Kiribati

Image:Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea — Democratic People's Republic of Korea Flag

  • Korean: Chosŏn / 조선 — Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk / 조선민주주의인민공화국

Image:Flag of South Korea (bordered).svg South Korea — Republic of Korea Flag

  • Korean: Hanguk / 한국 — Daehan Minguk / 대한민국
Image:Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait — State of Kuwait Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Kuwayt / الكويت — Dawlat al Kuwayt / دولة الكويت
Image:Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan — Kyrgyz Republic Flag
  • Kyrgyz: Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан — Kyrgyz Respublikasy / Кыргыз Республикасы
  • Russian: Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан — Kyrgyzskaya respublika - Кыргызская республика

[edit] L

Image:Flag of Laos.svg Laos — Lao People's Democratic Republic Flag
  • Laotian: Lao / ນລາວ — Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao / ສາທາລະນະລັດປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
Image:Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia — Republic of Latvia Flag
  • Latvian: Latvija — Latvijas Republika
Image:Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon — Republic of Lebanon Flag
  • Arabic: Lubnān / لبنان — Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah / الجمهوريّة البنانيّة
Image:Flag of Lesotho.svg Lesotho — Kingdom of Lesotho Flag
  • English: Lesotho — Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Sotho: Lesotho — Mmuso wa Lesotho
Image:Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia — Republic of Liberia Flag
  • English: Liberia — Republic of Liberia
Image:Flag of Libya.svg Libya — Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Flag
  • Arabic: Lībiyah / ليبية — al-Jamāhīrīyah al-‘Arabīya al-Lībīyah ash-Sha‘bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah al-Uzma / الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى
Image:Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein — Principality of Liechtenstein Flag
  • German: Liechtenstein — Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Image:Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania — Republic of Lithuania Flag
  • Lithuanian: Lietuva — Lietuvos Respublika
Image:Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg — Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg Flag
  • Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg — Groussherzogdem Lëtzebuerg
  • French: Luxembourg — Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
  • German: Luxemburg — Großherzogtum Luxemburg

[edit] M

Image:Flag of Macedonia.svg Macedonia <ref name=Macedonia>The Republic of Macedonia is known also as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, see Foreign relations of the Republic of Macedonia.</ref> — Republic of Macedonia Flag

  • Macedonian: Makedonija / Македонија — Republika Makedonija / Република Македонија
Image:Flag of Madagascar (bordered).svg Madagascar — Republic of Madagascar Flag
  • Malagasy: Madagasikara — Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
  • French: Madagascar — Republique de Madagascar
Image:Flag of Malawi.svg Malawi — Republic of Malawi Flag
  • English: Malawi — Republic of Malawi
  • Chewa: Malaŵi — Mfuko la Malaŵi
Image:Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia<ref name=federal /> Flag
  • Malay: Malaysia
Image:Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives — Republic of Maldives Flag
  • Divehi: Divehi Rājje / ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު — Divehi Rājje ge Jumhuriyyā / ހިވެދި ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު
Image:Flag of Mali.svg Mali — Republic of Mali Flag
  • French: Mali — République de Mali
Image:Flag of Malta (bordered).svg Malta — Republic of Malta Flag
  • Maltese: Malta — Repubblika ta' Malta
Image:Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg Marshall Islands — Republic of the Marshall Islands Flag of
  • English: Marshall Islands — Republic of the Marshall Islands
Image:Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania — Islamic Republic of Mauritania Flag
  • Arabic: Mūrītāniyyah / موريتانية — Al-Jumhuriyah al-Islamiyah al-Mūrītāniyah / الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية
  • French: Mauritanie — République Islamique de la Mauritanie
Image:Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius — Republic of Mauritius Flag
  • English: Mauritius — Republic of Mauritius
  • French: Maurice — République de Maurice
Image:Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico<ref name=federal /> — United Mexican States Flag
  • Spanish: México — Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Image:Flag of Micronesia.svg Micronesia<ref name=federal /> — Federated States of Micronesia Flag
  • English: Micronesia — Federates States of Micronesia
Image:Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova<ref name=dejure /><ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of Moldova Flag
  • Romanian/Moldovan: Moldova — Republica Moldova
Image:Flag of Monaco (bordered).svg Monaco — Principality of Monaco Flag
  • French: Monaco — Principauté de Monaco
Image:Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia Flag — Republic of Mongolia
  • Mongolian: Mongol Uls / Монгол Улс
Image:Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro — Republic of Montenegro Flag
  • Serbian: Crna Gora / Црна Гора — Republika Crna Gora / Република Црна Гора
Image:Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco — Kingdom of Morocco Flag
  • Arabic: al-Maġrib / مغرب — Al Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah / المملكة المغربية
Image:Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique — Republic of Mozambique Flag
  • Portuguese: Moçambique — República de Moçambique
Image:Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar<ref name=Burma>Also known as Burma (which was formerly its official name).</ref> — Union of Myanmar Flag
  • Burmese: Myanma / ဴမန္မာ — Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw / ဴပည္ေထာင္စုဴမန္မာနုိင္ငံေတာ္

[edit] N

Image:Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg Nagorno-Karabakh — Republic of Nagorno Karabakh Flag
  • Armenian: Leṙnalin Ġarabaġ / Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ — Leṙnayin Ġarabaġ Hanrapetowt‘youn / Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ Հանրապետություն
Image:Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia — Republic of Namibia Flag
  • English: Namibia — Republic of Namibia
Image:Flag of Nauru.svg Nauru — Republic of Nauru Flag
  • Nauruan: Naoero — Republik Naoero
  • English: Nauru — Republic of Nauru
Image:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal — State of Nepal Flag
  • Nepali: Nepāl / नेपाल — Nepāl Rājya / नेपाल राज्य
Image:Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands<ref name=overseas /> — Kingdom of the Netherlands Flag
  • Dutch: Nederland — Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
  • Frisian : Nederlân — Keninkryk fan Nederlân
Image:Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand<ref name=overseas /> Flag
  • English: New Zealand or Aotearoa
  • Maori: Aotearoa, Niu Tireni or Nu Tirani
Image:Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua — Republic of Nicaragua Flag
  • Spanish: Nicaragua — República de Nicaragua
Image:Flag of Niger.svg Niger — Republic of Niger Flag
  • French: Niger — République du Niger
Image:Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria<ref name=federal /> — Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag
  • English: Nigeria — Federal Republic of Nigeria
Image:Flag of Norway.svg Norway<ref name=overseas /> — Kingdom of Norway Flag
  • Norwegian (bokmål): Norge — Kongeriket Norge
  • Norwegian (nynorsk): Noreg — Kongeriket Noreg

[edit] O

Image:Flag of Oman (bordered).svg Oman — Sultanate of Oman Flag
  • Arabic: ʿUmmān / عمان — Saltanat Uman / سلطنة عُمان
Image:Flag of South Ossetia.svg South Ossetia — Republic of South Ossetia Flag
  • Ossetian: Xussar Iryston / Хуссар Ирыстон — Respublikæ Xussar Iryston / Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон
  • Russian: Južnaja Osetija / Южная Осетия — Respublika Južnaja Osetija / Республика Южная Осетия
  • Georgian: Samkhret Oseti / სამხრეთ ოსეთი — Samkhret Osetis Respublika / სამხრეთ ოსეთის რესპუბლიკა

[edit] P

Image:Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan — Islamic Republic of Pakistan Flag
  • Urdu: Pākistān / پاکستان — Islami Jamhuria Pākistān / اسلامی جمہوریت پاکستان
Image:Flag of Palau.svg Palau — Republic of Palau Flag
  • Palauan: Belau — Beluu er a Belau
  • English: Palau — Republic of Palau
Image:Flag of Panama (bordered).svg Panama — Republic of Panama Flag
  • Spanish: Panamá — República de Panamá
Image:Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea — Independent State of Papua New Guinea Flag
  • English: Papua New Guinea — Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Image:Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay — Republic of Paraguay Flag
  • Spanish: Paraguay — República del Paraguay
  • Guarani: Paraguái — Têta Paraguái
Image:Flag of Peru.svg Peru — Republic of Peru Flag
  • Spanish: Perú — República del Perú
Image:Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines<ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of the Philippines Flag of
  • Filipino: Pilipinas — Republika ng Pilipinas
Image:Flag of Poland (bordered).svg Poland — Republic of Poland Flag
  • Polish: Polska — Rzeczpospolita Polska
Image:Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal<ref name=autonomous /> — Portuguese Republic Flag
  • Portuguese: Portugal — República Portuguesa

[edit] Q

Image:Flag of Qatar (bordered).svg Qatar — State of Qatar Flag
  • Arabic: Qaar / قطر — Dawlat Qatar / دولة قطر

[edit] R

Image:Flag of Romania.svg Romania Flag
  • Romanian: România
Image:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Russia<ref name=federal /> — Russian Federation Flag
  • Russian: Rossija / Россия — Rossijskaja Federacija / Российская Федерация
Image:Flag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda — Republic of Rwanda Flag
  • Rwandese: Rwanda — Repubulika y'u Rwanda
  • French: Rwanda — République du Rwanda
  • English: Rwanda — Republic of Rwanda

[edit] S

Image:Flag of Western Sahara.svg Western Sahara — Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Jumhūrīyya al-`Arabīyya as-Saharāwīyya ad-Dīmuqrātīyya / الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية
Image:Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis<ref name=autonomous /> — Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Flag
  • English: Saint Kitts and Nevis — Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Image:Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia Flag
  • English: Saint Lucia
Image:Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Flag
  • English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Image:Flag of Samoa.svg Samoa — Independent State of Samoa Flag
  • English: Samoa — Independent State of Samoa
  • Samoan: Samoa — Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
Image:Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino — Most Serene Republic of San Marino Flag
  • Italian: San Marino — Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino
Image:Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe<ref name=autonomous /> — Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe Flag
  • Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe - República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Image:Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia — Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Flag
  • Arabic: Al-ʿArabiyyah as-Saʿūdiyyah / العربية السعودية — Al-Mamlakah al-'Arabiyah as-Sa'udiyah / المملكة العربيّة السّعوديّة
Image:Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal — Republic of Senegal Flag
  • French: Sénégal — République du Sénégal
Image:Flag of Serbia (state) (bordered).svg Serbia<ref name=federal /><ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of Serbia Flag
  • Serbian: Srbija / Србија — Republika Srbija / Република Србија
Image:Flag of the Seychelles.svg Seychelles — Republic of Seychelles Flag of
  • English: Seychelles — Republic of Seychelles
  • French: Seychelles — République des Seychelles
  • Seselwa: Sesel — Repiblik Sesel
Image:Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone — Republic of Sierra Leone Flag
  • English: Sierra Leone — Republic of Sierra Leone
Image:Flag of Singapore (bordered).svg Singapore — Republic of Singapore Flag
  • Malay: Singapura — Republik Singapura
  • Chinese: Xinjiapo / 新加坡 — Xīnjīapō Gònghéguó / 新加坡共和国
  • Tamil: Čiṅkappūr / சிங்கப்பூர் — Cingkappūr Kudiyarasu / சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு
  • English: Singapore — Republic of Singapore
Image:Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia — Slovak Republic Flag
  • Slovak: Slovensko — Slovenská republika
Image:Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia — Republic of Slovenia Flag
  • Slovenian: Slovenija — Republika Slovenija
Image:Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg Solomon Islands Flag of
  • English: Solomon Islands
Image:Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia<ref name=dejure /><ref name=Somalia>Somalia is a country that currently only exists in a de jure capacity.</ref> Flag
  • Somalian: Soomaaliya
Image:Flag of Somaliland.svg Somaliland — Republic of Somaliland Flag
  • Somali: Soomaaliland — Jamhuriyatha Soomaaliland
  • Arabic: ʾrḍ ʾˈalṣwmʾl / ارض الصومال — ǧmhwryẗ ʾrḍ ʾˈalṣwmʾl / جمهورية ارض الصومال
Image:Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa — Republic of South Africa Flag
  • Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika — Republiek van Suid-Afrika
  • English: South Africa — Republic of South Africa
  • Xhosa: Mzantsi Afrika — IRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika
  • Zulu: Ningizimu Afrika — IRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
Image:Flag of Spain.svg Spain<ref name=federal /> — Kingdom of Spain Flag
  • Spanish: España — Reino de España
  • Basque: Espainia — Espainiako Erresuma
  • Catalan: Espanya — Regne d'Espanya
  • Galician: España — Reino de España
Image:Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka — Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Flag
  • Sinhala: Sri Lanka — Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya
  • Tamil: Llankai / இலங்கை — Illankai Chananaayaka Chosalisa Kudiyarasu
Image:Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan — Republic of the Sudan Flag
  • Arabic: As-Sūdān / السودان — Jumhuriyat as-Sudan / جمهورية السودان
Image:Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname — Republic of Suriname Flag
  • Dutch: Suriname — Republiek Suriname
Image:Flag of Swaziland.svg Swaziland — Kingdom of Swaziland Flag
  • English: Swaziland — Kingdom of Swaziland
  • Swazi: eSwatini — Umbuso weSwatini
Image:Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden — Kingdom of Sweden Flag
  • Swedish: Sverige — Konungariket Sverige
Image:Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland<ref name=federal /> — Swiss Confederation Flag
  • German: Schweiz — Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft
  • French: Suisse — Confédération suisse
  • Italian: Svizzera — Confederazione Svizzera
  • Raeto-Romance: Svizra — Confederaziun Svizra
Image:Flag of Syria.svg Syria — Syrian Arab Republic Flag
  • Arabic: Sūriyyah / سورية — Al-Jumhuriyah al-'Arabiyah al-Suriyah / الجمهوريّة العربيّة السّوريّة

[edit] T

For the state that is commonly referred to as "Taiwan," please see the Republic of China
Image:Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan<ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of Tajikistan Flag
  • Persian (Tajiki-Persian): Tojikistan / Тоҷикистон — Jumhurii Tojikiston / Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
Image:Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania — United Republic of Tanzania Flag
  • Swahili: Tanzania — Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Image:Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand — Kingdom of Thailand Flag
  • Thai: Prathēt Thai / ประเทศไทย — Rātcha Anāchak Thai / ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Image:Flag of Togo.svg Togo — Togolese Republic Flag
  • French: Togo — République Togolaise
Image:Flag of Tonga.svg Tonga — Kingdom of Tonga Flag
  • Tongan: Tonga — Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga
  • English: Tonga — Kingdom of Tonga
Image:Flag of Transnistria.svg Transnistria — Trans-Dniestr Moldovan Republic Flag
  • Moldovan: Pridnestrov'e / Приднестровье — Republika Moldovenjaskè Nistrjanè / Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ
  • Russian: Pridnestrov'e / Приднестровье — Pridnestrovskaja Moldavskaja Respublika / Приднестровская Молдавская Республика
  • Ukrainian: Prydnistrov″ja / Придністров'я — Prydnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika / Придністровська Молдавська Республіка
Image:Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago<ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Flag
  • English: Trinidad and Tobago — Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Image:Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia — Republic of Tunisia Flag
  • Arabic: Tūnis / تونس — Al Jumhuriyya at-Tūsiyya / الجمهرية التونسية
Image:Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey — Republic of Turkey Flag
  • Turkish: Türkiye — Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Image:Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan Flag
  • Turkmen: Türkmenistan
Image:Flag of Tuvalu.svg Tuvalu Flag
  • Tuvaluan: Tuvalu
  • English: Tuvalu

[edit] U

Image:Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda — Republic of Uganda Flag
  • English: Uganda — Republic of Uganda
Image:Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine<ref name=autonomous /> Flag of
  • Ukrainian: Ukrajina / Україна
  • Russian: Ukrajina / Украина
Image:Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates<ref name=federal /> Flag of
  • Arabic: Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah / الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom<ref name=overseas /> — United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Flag of
  • English: United Kingdom — United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Welsh: Y Deyrnas Unedig — Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon
  • Scottish Gaelic: An Rìoghachd Aonaichte — An Rìoghachd Aonaichte na Breatainn Mhòr agus Eirinn a Tuath
  • Irish: An Ríocht Aontaithe — Ríocht Aontaithe na Breataine Móire agus Tuaisceart na hÉireann
Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States<ref name=overseas /><ref name=federal /> — United States of America Flag of
  • English: United States — United States of America
Image:Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay — Eastern Republic of Uruguay Flag
  • Spanish: Uruguay — República Oriental del Uruguay
Image:Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan<ref name=autonomous /> — Republic of Uzbekistan Flag
  • Uzbek: O'zbekiston — O‘zbekiston Respublikasi

[edit] V

Image:Flag of Vanuatu.svg Vanuatu — Republic of Vanuatu Flag
  • Bislama: Vanuatu — Ripablik blong Vanuatu
  • English: Vanuatu — Republic of Vanuatu
  • French: Vanuatu — République du Vanuatu
Image:Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City — State of the Vatican City Flag of
  • Latin: Civitas Vaticana — Status Civitatis Vaticanæ
  • Italian: Città del Vaticano — Stato della Città del Vaticano
Image:Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela<ref name=federal /> — Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Flag
  • Spanish: Venezuela — República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Image:Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam — Socialist Republic of Vietnam Flag
  • Vietnamese: Việt Nam — Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam

[edit] Y

Image:Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen — Republic of Yemen Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Yaman / اليمن — Al-Jumhuriyah al-Yamaniyah / الجمهوريّة اليمنية

[edit] Z

Image:Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia — Republic of Zambia Flag
  • English: Zambia — Republic of Zambia
Image:Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe — Republic of Zimbabwe Flag
  • English: Zimbabwe — Republic of Zimbabwe

[edit] Notes


[edit] Other listings

National flags National coats of arms
Flags of sovereign states Coats of arms of sovereign states
Flags of dependent territories Coats of arms of dependent territories
Flags of unrecognized states Coats of arms of unrecognized states
Flags of micronations Coats of arms of micronations
Flags of formerly independent states

For more sources, see Geographic references.

[edit] See also

ar:دول مستقلة an:Estatos d'o mundo bn:সার্বভৌম রাষ্ট্রসমূহের তালিকা be:Сьпіс краінаў і тэрыторыяў паводле альфабэта bs:Spisak država bg:Списък на страните ca:Estat cs:Seznam států světa cy:Gwledydd y byd da:Verdens lande de:Liste unabhängiger Staaten et:Maailma maad el:Κατάλογος χωρών eo:Nacio fr:Liste des pays du monde fur:Liste di Stâts dal mont gl:Lista de países ko:세계의 나라 hr:Popis država id:Daftar Negara-Negara di Dunia ia:Paises del mundo ie:Liste del landes del munde it:Stati del mondo kn:ಸಾರ್ವಭೌಮ ದೇಶಗಳ ಪಟ್ಟಿ ka:მსოფლიოს ქვეყნები ht:Lis peyi nan mond lan la:Nationes mundi lv:Suvereno valstu saraksts lv:Valstis lb:Lëscht vun de Länner vun der Welt lt:Šaliu sarašas hu:Országok listája mg:Lisitry ny firenena ms:Daftar negara nl:Landen van de wereld ja:国の一覧 no:Liste over stater km:រាយឈ្មៅះប្រេទស pl:Państwa świata pt:Lista de países ro:Listă de state suverane ru:Алфавитный список стран scn:Lista dî Paisi dû Munnu simple:List of countries sl:Države sveta sr:Списак држава fi:Luettelo valtioista sv:Alfabetisk lista över världens länder ta:உலக நாடுகளின் பட்டியல் tt:Däwlätlär isemlege th:รายชื่อประเทศ vi:Danh sách các nước trên thế giới tpi:Jiograpi tr:Ülkeler uk:Список країн ur:ممالک fiu-vro:Toimõndõdas artiklit Maailma riike lipuq yi:רשימה פֿון לענדער פֿון װעלט zh:世界地理索引

List of sovereign states

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