List of metropolitan areas by population

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Largest city redirects here. For a list of the most populous cities within administrative limits, see List of cities by population. See also historical urban community sizes for historical data.

This page lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas of the world, ranked by population. This is a controversial issue rather difficult to quantify, as unlike national subdivisions, there are no consistently defined borders for such an area. Many of the figures for individual cities are highly controversial, and in some cases numbers which differ by millions are given by different sources. In some countries there are official definitions, but they are not consistent on a global basis, nor even necessarily within countries. In addition, the underlying structure of different metropolitan areas varies: comparing a highly centralised city with an agglomeration of smaller settlements may not be very meaningful. Commuting patterns and other aspects of urban behaviour which underlie the metro area concept differ greatly around the world. Thus, all population figures for specific metro areas should be treated as interpretations rather than hard facts, and rankings and comparisons of metros should be treated with great caution.

Most of the data for this list was compiled from the 2005 urban agglomeration population figures from the United Nations 2005 World Urbanization Prospects Report.<ref name="UNWUP">United Nations World Urbanization Prospects: 2005 Revision</ref> These figures include suburban areas immediately surrounding a major city and sometimes multiple major cities which may be close enough together to function essentially as one area. Figures with notations are from the indicated sources.

Unless otherwise specified, figures are based on rough estimates for the year 2005 and rounded to the nearest 1,000. Despite the standing of the organisation behind the figures, the appropriateness and consistency of the boundaries used is controversial and the aforementioned warnings apply.

Rank Metropolitan area name Country Definition Area Population estimate Population density
km² mi² per km² per mi²
1 Tokyo (Greater Tokyo Area) Image:Flag of Japan (bordered).svg Japan Official metropolitan area (Keihinyo MMA) 13,500 5,210 35,197,000 2,610 6,760
2 Seoul (Seoul National Capital Area) Image:Flag of South Korea (bordered).svg Republic of Korea Official metropolitan area 11,790 4,550 22,770,000<ref>Data refers to Seoul, Incheon, and the province of Gyeonggi. This area includes a sizeable rural fringe. Figure from Korean National Statistics Office</ref> 1,996 5,170
3 Mexico City (Greater Mexico City) Image:Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico Official metropolitan area (ZMVM) 4,980 1,920 19,411,000 3,898 10,096
4 New York City (New York metropolitan area) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 17,405 6,720 18,747,320<ref name=us>US Census Bureau 2005 MSA estimates</ref> 1,077 2,790
5 São Paulo (Greater São Paulo Area) Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Official metropolitan area (Grande São Paulo ) 8,050 3,110 18,333,000 2,277 5,897
6 Mumbai (Bombay) (Mumbai metropolitan area) Image:Flag of India.svg India Administrative area (MMRDA) 4,360 1,680 18,196,000 4,206 10,893
7 Delhi (National Capital Territory of Delhi) Image:Flag of India.svg India Administrative area (NCT) 1,480 570 15,048,000 10,360 26,832
8 Shanghai Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Municipality (excluding counties in 2000) 3,920 14,503,000 3,700
9 Kolkata (Calcutta) (Kolkata Metropolitan Area) Image:Flag of India.svg India Administrative area (KMD) 1,780 690 14,277,000 8,033 20,805
10 Moscow Image:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Russia Urban area 2,150 13,400,000<ref name=cp>citypopulation.de 2006-11-22 revision</ref> 6,232
11 Jakarta (Jabotabek Metropolitan Area) Image:Flag of Indonesia (bordered).svg Indonesia Urban area 1,360 530 13,215,000 9,701 25,125
12 Los Angeles (Greater Los Angeles Area) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 12,562 12,923,547<ref name=us/> 1,028
13 Buenos Aires (Aglomerado Gran Buenos Aires) Image:Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina Metropolitan area 3,680 1,420 12,550,000 3,627 9,394
14 Dhaka Image:Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh Official metropolitan area (Dhaka Megacity) 1,600 620 12,430,000 7,850 20,331
15 London (London commuter belt) Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone for London (based on commuting and employment) is composed of Greater London and 42 surrounding districts. See also Urban Audit page at statistics.gov.uk</ref> 8,920 11,624,807
(2001)
1,303
16 Karachi Image:Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan City district 3,530 1,360 11,608,000 3,348 8,671
17 Rio de Janeiro Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Official metropolitan area 5,000 1,930 11,469,000 2,294 5,941
18 Istanbul Image:Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey Istanbul province 5,315 2,050 11,332,000<ref name="TUR">Turkstat</ref> 2,132 5,528
19 OsakaKobe (Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto) Image:Flag of Japan (bordered).svg Japan Urban area (administrative boundaries) (excludes Kyoto) 2,070 800 11,268,000 5,452 14,121
20 Paris (Ile-de-France) Image:Flag of France.svg France Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone for Paris is defined as the Ile de France region</ref> 12,012 11,264,000
(INSEE 2004 estimate)
938
21 Cairo (Greater Cairo) Image:Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt Metropolitan area 1,310 510 11,128,000 8,508 22,036
22 Lagos Image:Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Urban area 640 250 10,886,000 17,398 45,061
23 Beijing Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Municipality (excluding counties in 2000) 7,860 10,717,000 1,363
24 Manila (Metro Manila) Image:Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines Administrative area (Metro Manila) 640 250 10,686,000 16,683 43,209
25 Chicago (Chicagoland) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 18,679 9,443,356<ref name=us/> 506
26 Guangzhou Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city
(excluding county-level cities)
7,260 8,425,000
27 LimaCallao (Lima Metropolitan Area) Image:Flag of Peru.svg Peru Lima Metropolitana Region 2,820 8,187,398<ref>Composed of Lima province and Callao province. Figure from INEI - Población proyectada, según Lima Metropolitana (2005)</ref>
28 BogotáSoacha Image:Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia Metropolitan area 1,980 760 7,881,556<ref name=dane>DANE 2005 Census Summary</ref>
29 Tehran Image:Flag of Iran.svg Iran City proper 660 7,314,000 11,082
30 Shenzhen Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city 1,950 7,233,000
31 Wuhan Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city (excluding counties) 8,490 3,280 7,093,000
32 Hong Kong Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Administrative area 1,100 420 7,041,000 6,529 16,910
33 Tianjin Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Municipality (excluding counties) 7,130 7,040,000
34 Chennai (Madras) Image:Flag of India.svg India Administrative area (Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority) 1,180 460 6,916,000 5,860 15,177
35 Taipei (Taipei-Keelung metropolitan area) Image:Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China Metropolitan Area (consists of Taipei City, Taipei County, and Keelung City) 2,457 948 6,646,503<ref>Taiwan National Statistics - Table 2</ref>
(2000)
2,748 6,970
36 Bangkok Image:Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Official metropolitan area (Bangkok Metropolis) 1,570 610 6,593,000 4,206 10,893
37 Bangalore Image:Flag of India.svg India Administrative area (BDA) 1,280 490 6,462,000 5,103 13,217
38 Chongqing Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Municipality
(excluding counties and county-level cities)
7,490 6,363,000
39 Lahore Image:Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan City district 1,770 680 6,289,000
40 Johannesburg (Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area) Image:Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Metropolitan area (Composed of Johannesburg, Ekurhuleni, and West Rand District) 6,239,745<ref>Municipality data from Statistics South Africa</ref>
(2001)
41 Hyderabad Image:Flag of India.svg India Administrative area (HUDA) 1,860 720 6,115,000 3,288 8,493
42 Kinshasa Image:Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo Province-level city (urban population) 9,960 3,850 6,049,000
43 Madrid (Madrid metropolitan area) Image:Flag of Spain.svg Spain Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone for Madrid is defined as Madrid (province). See INE for more recent estimates.</ref> 8,023 5,964,143
(2005 INE estimate)
44 Baghdad Image:Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq Governorate (province) 730 280 5,904,000 8,096 20,969
45 Philadelphia (Delaware Valley) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 11,991 5,823,233<ref name=us/> 486
46 Dallas (Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 23,283 5,819,475<ref name=us/> 250
47 Santiago Image:Flag of Chile (bordered).svg Chile Metropolitan area (Gran Santiago) 2,350 9110 5,683,000 2,418
48 Miami (South Florida) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 13,275 5,422,200<ref name=us/> 408
49 Ruhr Area Image:Flag of Germany.svg Germany Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone corresponds to the Ruhr Area</ref> 4,434 5,359,228
(2001)
50 Toronto Image:Flag of Canada.svg Canada Official metropolitan area (CMA) 5,870 2,270 5,312,000 905 2,340
51 Saint Petersburg Image:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Russia Administrative area (Gorod) 1,150 440 5,312,000 4,619 12,073
52 Belo Horizonte Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Official metropolitan area 9,190 3,550 5,304,000
53 Houston (Greater Houston) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 23,124 5,280,077<ref name=us/> 228
54 Barcelona Image:Flag of Spain.svg Spain Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone for Barcelona is defined as Barcelona (province). See INE for more recent estimates.</ref> 7,755 5,226,354
(2005 INE estimate)
55 Washington, D.C. (Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 5,214,666<ref name=us/>
56 Ahmedabad Image:Flag of India.svg India Administrative area (AUDA) 1,300 500 5,120,000
57 Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) Image:Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam Municipality (urban population) 2,090 810 5,065,000
58 Berlin Image:Flag of Germany.svg Germany Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone consists of the state of Berlin and immediately surrounding kreise</ref> 17,405 4,935,524
(2001)
284
59 Atlanta (Atlanta Metropolitan Area) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 4,917,717<ref name=us/>
60 Shenyang Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city (excluding counties) 3,460 4,720,000
61 KhartoumKhartoum NorthOmdurman Image:Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan Urban area (administrative boundaries) 4,518,000
62 Detroit (Metro Detroit) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 4,488,335<ref name=us/>
63 Boston (Greater Boston) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 4,411,835<ref name=us/>
64 Pune Image:Flag of India.svg India Urban area 700 270 4,409,000 6,407 16,594
65 Kuala Lumpur (Klang Valley) Image:Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia Urban area 4,400,000<ref name=cp/>
66 Sydney Image:Flag of Australia.svg Australia Metropolitan area (Statistical Division) 12,140 4,690 4,331,000
67 Singapore Image:Flag of Singapore (bordered).svg Singapore City proper 690 270 4,326,000 6,336 16,410
68 Dongguan Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city 2,460 4,320,000
69 Riyadh Image:Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia City proper 1,550 600 4,193,000
70 Hanoi Image:Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam Metropolitan area 2,150 830 4,164,000
71 San Francisco Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 4,152,688<ref name=us/><ref>San Francisco is also considered to be part of a combined metropolitan area with the city of San Jose. This metropolitan area is called the "San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area", or the "San Francisco Bay Area". The total population of the combined statistical area is 7,168,176 (2005 estimate).</ref>
72 Bandung Image:Flag of Indonesia (bordered).svg Indonesia Urban area 220 80 4,126,000 18,273 47,327
73 Chittagong Image:Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh Official metropolitan area (census definition) 990 380 4,114,000 4,213 10,912
74 Yangon (Rangoon) Image:Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar Urban area 350 140 4,107,000 11,663 30,207
75 Chengdu Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city (excluding counties) 2,130 4,065,000
76 Guadalajara Image:Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico Official metropolitan area 2,730 1,050 3,968,000
77 Xi'an Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city (excluding counties) 3,550 3,926,000
78 Milan Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone for Milan is defined as the Province of Milan plus surrounding communes within the contiguous urban area (290 communes total)</ref> 2,767 3,904,882
(2001)
79 Athens Image:Flag of Greece.svg Greece Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone for Athens includes the city of Athens and its surrounding nomoi</ref> 3,807 3,894,573
(2001)
80 Phoenix (Valley of the Sun) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 3,865,077<ref name=us/>
81 Porto Alegre Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Metropolitan area 9,890 3,820 3,795,000
82 Alexandria Image:Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt Governorate 2,970 1,150 3,770,000
83 Rome Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy Larger Urban Zone<ref>Urban Audit II - Larger Urban Zone for Rome is defined as the Province of Rome</ref> 5,352 3,700,424
(2001)
84 Harbin Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city
(excluding counties and county-level cities)
4,280 3,695,000
85 Montreal (Greater Montreal Area) Image:Flag of Canada.svg Canada Metropolitan area (CMA) 4,050 1,560 3,640,000 899 2,333
86 Melbourne Image:Flag of Australia.svg Australia Metropolitan area (Statistical Division) 7,690 2,970 3,626,000
87 Nanjing Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city (excluding counties) 6,600 3,621,000
88 Monterrey Image:Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico Official metropolitan area 4,010 1,550 3,596,000
89 Abidjan Image:Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire City proper 550 210 3,577,000 6,393 16,558
90 Ankara Image:Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey Metropolitan municipality 2,500 970 3,573,000
91 Surat Image:Flag of India.svg India Urban area 200 80 3,557,000 18,355 47,539
92 Busan (Pusan) Image:Flag of South Korea (bordered).svg South Korea City proper (Busan City) 760 290 3,554,000 4,641 12,020
93 Recife Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Metropolitan area 2,770 1,070 3,527,000
94 Guiyang Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China Prefecture-level city (urban population) 3,447,000
95 Pyongyang Image:Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea City proper 2,110 810 3,351,000
96 Brasilia Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Metropolitan area (RIDE) 14,400 5,560 3,341,000
97 Salvador Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Metropolitan area 2,340 900 3,331,000
98 Medellín Image:Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia Metropolitan area 3,312,165<ref name=dane/>
99 Fortaleza Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Metropolitan area 4,950 1,910 3,237,000
100 Seattle (Seattle metropolitan area) Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States Metropolitan statistical area 3,203,314<ref name=us/>

[edit] Distribution by country

Country Number of top 100 metropolitan areas Combined population
Image:Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China 15 96,209,000
Image:Flag of the United States.svg United States 14 93,712,840
Image:Flag of India.svg India 9 80,100,000
Image:Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 8 52,337,000
Image:Flag of Japan (bordered).svg Japan 2 46,465,000
Image:Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 3 26,975,000
Image:Flag of South Korea (bordered).svg Republic of Korea 2 26,324,000
Image:Flag of Russia (bordered).svg Russia 2 19,062,000
Image:Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan 2 17,897,000
Image:Flag of Indonesia (bordered).svg Indonesia 2 17,341,000
Image:Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh 2 16,544,000
Image:Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey 2 14,905,000
Image:Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt 2 14,898,000
Image:Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina 1 12,550,000
Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 1 11,624,807
Image:Flag of France.svg France 1 11,264,000
Image:Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia 2 11,193,721
Image:Flag of Spain.svg Spain 2 11,190,497
Image:Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria 1 10,886,000
Image:Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines 1 10,686,000
Image:Flag of Germany.svg Germany 2 10,294,752
Image:Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam 2 9,229,000
Image:Flag of Canada.svg Canada 2 8,952,000
Image:Flag of Peru.svg Peru 1 8,187,398
Image:Flag of Australia.svg Australia 2 7,957,000
Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy 2 7,605,306
Image:Flag of Iran.svg Iran 1 7,314,000
Image:Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China 1 6,646,503
Image:Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand 1 6,593,000
Image:Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 1 6,239,745
Image:Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 6,049,000
Image:Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq 1 5,904,000
Image:Flag of Chile (bordered).svg Chile 1 5,683,000
Image:Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan 1 4,518,000
Image:Flag of Singapore (bordered).svg Singapore 1 4,326,000
Image:Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia 1 4,300,000
Image:Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia 1 4,193,000
Image:Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar 1 4,107,000
Image:Flag of Greece.svg Greece 1 3,894,573
Image:Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire 1 3,577,000
Image:Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea 1 3,351,000


[edit] Notes and references

<references />

[edit] See also


[edit] By region

[edit] Cities

[edit] Metropolitan areas

[edit] External links

[edit] Other lists of metropolitan areas

[edit] Further reading

ast:Llista d'áries metropolitanes por población de:Liste der größten Städte der Welt es:Lista de áreas metropolitanas por población eo:Plej grandaj urboj laŭ enloĝantaro fr:Liste des mégapoles id:Daftar wilayah metropolitan berdasarkan populasi he:ערי מיליונים ka:მსოფლიოს უდიდესი აგლომერაციები la:Maximae Urbes Orbis Terrarum hu:A Föld legnépesebb várostömörülései nl:Lijst van grootste metropolen ja:世界の都市圏人口の順位 sk:Zoznam najväčších metropolitných oblastí fi:Luettelo suurimmista kaupunkialueista väkiluvun mukaan pt:Lista de regiões metropolitanas por população

List of metropolitan areas by population

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