List of countries and outlying territories by total area

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Countries by area

This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by total area. The list ranks sovereign states and dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations as countries. Total areas are included, covering land and inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Marine internal waters, territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zones are not included, and nor are various countries' claims to parts of Antarctica. For a graphical version of this list, see List of countries by area (graphical).

Notes:

  • The Earth's total surface area is 510,065,284 km² — 70.8% of the world's surface (361,126,221 km²) is covered by water, while 29.2% (148,939,063 km²) is covered by land.
  • Territories listed and ranked as part of a sovereign state may be sparingly listed; they are set off in italics.
Rank Country Area (km²) Notes
1 Russia 17,098,242 Prior to its dissolution in 1991, the Soviet Union had an area of 22,402,200 km².
2 Canada 9,970,610 Total surface area is 9,984,670 km² according to Statistics Canada
3, 4 (disputed) People's Republic of China (PRC) 9,598,0861 or 9,640,8212 Total of separate UN figures for mainland China and the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Both values exclude the disputed territories of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu which the Republic of China has continued to govern after the PRC replaced it on the mainland.

1 Excludes all disputed territories.
2 Includes PRC-administered disputed territories (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, both territories claimed by India).

United States 9,629,091 Includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia
5 Brazil 8,514,877 Includes Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas, Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martim Vaz, and Penedos de São Pedro e São Paulo. All islands together make 365 km² (less than 0.003% of all continental territory).
6 Australia 7,741,220 Includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island. Excludes the Australian Antarctic Territory (6,119,818 km²)
7 India 3,166,4141 or 3,287,2632 1 Excludes non-Indian-administered disputed territories (Aksai Chin, Trans-Karakoram Tract, Azad Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh and Northern Areas). Includes all Indian-administered territories. Figure from Census India.
2 Includes all disputed territories.
8 Argentina 2,780,400 Does not include claims on the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and on Antarctica.
9 Kazakhstan 2,724,900
10 Sudan 2,505,813
11 Algeria 2,381,741
12 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858
13 Greenland 2,175,600 A self-governing area of Denmark
14 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690
15 Mexico 1,958,201
16 Indonesia 1,904,569
17 Libya 1,759,540
18 Iran 1,648,195
19 Mongolia 1,564,116
20 Peru 1,285,216
21 Chad 1,284,000
22 Niger 1,267,000
23 Angola 1,246,700
24 Mali 1,240,192
25 South Africa 1,221,037 Includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)
26 Colombia 1,138,914 Colombian census figure is 1,141,748 which includes three special districts and San Andrés y Providencia islands (disputed territories with Nicaragua).
27 Ethiopia 1,104,300
28 Bolivia 1,098,581
29 Mauritania 1,025,520
30 Egypt 1,001,449 Including the Hala'ib Triangle
31 Tanzania 945,087 Includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
32 Nigeria 923,768
33 Venezuela 912,050
34 Namibia 824,292
35 Mozambique 801,590
36 Pakistan 796,0951 or 880,2542 1 Excludes all disputed territories.
2 Includes Pakistani-administered disputed territories (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas).
37 Turkey 783,562
38 Chile 756,096 Includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua; Rapa Nui) and Isla Sala y Gómez
39 Zambia 752,618
40 Myanmar 676,578
41 Afghanistan 652,090
42 Somalia 637,657
43 Central African Republic 622,984
44 Ukraine 603,700
45 Madagascar 587,041
46 Botswana 581,730
47 Kenya 580,367
48 France 551,500 Includes Metropolitan France only; the entire French Republic covers 674,843 km²
49 Yemen 527,968 Includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)
50 Thailand 513,115
51 Spain 505,992 Includes the 17 autonomous communities (two of which are the Balearic Islands and Canary Islands), the two African autonomous cities (Ceuta and Melilla), and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco – Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
52 Turkmenistan 488,100
53 Cameroon 475,442
54 Papua New Guinea 462,840
55 Sweden 449,964 Includes Gotland and Öland
56 Uzbekistan 447,400
57 Morocco 446,550 Excluding Western Sahara
58 Iraq 438,317
59 Paraguay 406,752
60 Zimbabwe 390,757
61 Norway 385,155 Includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen; excludes Queen Maud Land, Bouvet Island, and Peter I Island, if included Norway would be 8th.
62 Japan 377,873 Includes Ryūkyū Islands (Nansei Islands), Daito Islands, Ogasawara Islands (Bonin Islands), Minami-Torishima (Marcus Island), Okino-Torishima and Volcano Islands (Kazan Islands); excludes the southern Kuril Islands
63 Germany 357,022
64 Republic of the Congo 342,000
65 Finland 338,145 Includes Åland
66 Vietnam 331,689
67 Malaysia 329,847
68 Côte d'Ivoire 322,463
69 Poland 312,685
70 Oman 309,500
71 Italy 301,318
72 Philippines 300,000
73 Ecuador 283,561 Includes Galápagos Islands
74 Burkina Faso 274,000
75 New Zealand 270,534 Includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands
76 Gabon 267,668
77 Western Sahara 266,000 Largely occupied by Morocco, some territory administered by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
78 Guinea 245,857
79 United Kingdom 242,900 Includes Northern Ireland and Rockall, excludes the three Crown dependencies (768 km²), the 13 British overseas territories (17,027 km²) and the disputed British Antarctic Territory (1,395,000 km²)
80 Uganda 241,038
81 Ghana 238,533
82 Romania 238,391
83 Laos 236,800
84 Guyana 214,969
85 Belarus 207,600
86 Kyrgyzstan 199,900
87 Senegal 196,722
88 Syria 185,180 Includes the Golan Heights2
89 Cambodia 181,035
90 Uruguay 175,016
91 Suriname 163,820
92 Tunisia 163,610
93 Nepal 147,181
94 Bangladesh 143,998
95 Tajikistan 143,100
96 Greece 131,957
97 Nicaragua 130,000 Excludes San Andrés y Providencia islands (disputed territories with Colombia).
98 North Korea 120,538
99 Malawi 118,484
100 Eritrea 117,600 Includes Badme region
101 Benin 112,622
102 Honduras 112,088
103 Liberia 111,369
104 Bulgaria 110,912
105 Cuba 110,861
106 Guatemala 108,889
107 Iceland 103,000
108 South Korea 99,538
109 Hungary 93,032
110 Portugal 91,982 Includes Azores and Madeira Islands.
111 French Guiana 90,000 French overseas département
112 Jordan 89,342
113 Serbia 88,361 Includes UN-administered territory of Kosovo
114 Azerbaijan 86,600 Includes the exclave of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
115 Austria 83,858
116 United Arab Emirates 83,600
117 Czech Republic 78,866
118 Panama 75,517
119 Sierra Leone 71,740
120 Republic of Ireland 70,273 Excludes Northern Ireland. Many claim the whole island of Ireland (84,412 km²) is the valid extent of the Republic, although this claim is no longer official.
121 Georgia 69,700
122 Sri Lanka 65,610
123 Lithuania 65,300
124 Latvia 64,600
125 Togo 56,785
126 Croatia 56,538
127 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,197
128 Costa Rica 51,100 Includes Isla del Coco
129 Slovakia 49,033
130 Dominican Republic 48,671
131 Bhutan 47,000
132 Estonia 45,100 Includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
133 Denmark 43,094 Includes Denmark proper only; the entire Kingdom of Denmark, including Greenland and Faroe Islands covers 2,220,093 km²
134 Netherlands 41,528 Includes the Netherlands proper only; the entire Kingdom of the Netherlands covers 42,437 km²
135 Switzerland 41,284
136 Guinea-Bissau 36,125
137 Republic of China (Taiwan) 35,980 Includes only the territories under the administration of the ROC, namely Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu. The ROC's existence as a distinct political entity is disputed. (source: CIA Factbook [1])
138 Moldova 33,851
139 Belgium 30,528
140 Lesotho 30,355
141 Armenia 29,800 Excludes Nagorno-Karabakh
142 Solomon Islands 28,896
143 Albania 28,748
144 Equatorial Guinea 28,051
145 Burundi 27,834
146 Haiti 27,750
147 Rwanda 26,338
148 Republic of Macedonia 25,713
149 Djibouti 23,200
150 Belize 22,966
151 Israel 22,145 or 20,770 The higher figure includes the Golan Heights1. Both figures exclude the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
152 El Salvador 21,041
153 Slovenia 20,256
154 New Caledonia 18,575 French dependency
155 Fiji 18,274
156 Kuwait 17,818
157 Swaziland 17,364
158 East Timor 14,874
159 Montenegro 14,026 Figure from CIA World Factbook
160 The Bahamas 13,878
161 Vanuatu 12,189
162 Falkland Islands 12,173 Overseas territory of the UK. Claimed by Argentina.
163 The Gambia 11,295
164 Qatar 11,000
165 Jamaica 10,991
166 Lebanon 10,400
167 Cyprus 9,251 Includes Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and British sovereign military bases (Akrotiri and Dhekelia)
168 Puerto Rico 8,875 commonwealth of the United States
169 Palestinian territories 6,020
170 Brunei 5,765
171 Trinidad and Tobago 5,130
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 4,092 Overseas territory of the UK; includes Shag Rocks, Black Rock, Clerke Rocks, South Georgia Island, Bird Island, and the South Sandwich Islands, which consist of some nine islands.
172 Cape Verde 4,033
173 French Polynesia 4,000 French overseas collectivity
174 Samoa 2,831
175 Luxembourg 2,586
176 Réunion 2,510 French overseas département
177 Comoros 2,235 Listed figure includes Mayotte. The figure without Mayotte is 1,862 km².[2]
178 Mauritius 2,040 Includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
179 Guadeloupe 1,705 French overseas département includes La Désirade, Marie Galante, Les Saintes, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint Martin (french part)
180 Faeroe Islands 1,399
181 Martinique 1,102 French overseas département
Hong Kong 1,099 Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. Included in the above listed figure for China.
182 São Tomé and Príncipe 964
183 Netherlands Antilles 800 Autonomous area of the Netherlands; includes Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin)
184 Dominica 751
185 Tonga 747
186 Kiribati 726 Includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
187 Federated States of Micronesia 702 Includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
188 Bahrain 694
189 Singapore 683 Current land area is 699 km² according to Statistics Singapore
190 Isle of Man 572 Crown dependency of the UK
191 Guam 549 Organized unincorporated territory of the USA.
192 Saint Lucia 539
193 Andorra 468
194 Northern Mariana Islands 464 Commonwealth in political union with the USA; includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
195 Palau 459
196 Seychelles 455
197 Antigua and Barbuda 442 Includes Redonda, 1.6 km²
198 Barbados 430
199 Turks and Caicos Islands 417 Overseas territory of the UK
Heard Island and McDonald Islands 412 Uninhabited, barren overseas territory of Australia. (source: CIA Factbook [3])
200 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 388
Mayotte 374 Overseas collectivity of France. (source: CIA Factbook [4])
201 United States Virgin Islands 347 Unincorporated, organized territory of the USA
202 Grenada 344
203 Malta 316
204 Maldives 298
205 Cayman Islands 264 Overseas territory of the UK
206 Saint Kitts and Nevis 261
207 Niue 260 Self-governing nation in free association with New Zealand
Akrotiri and Dhekelia 254 Sovereign base areas of the UK on the island of Cyprus. (source: CIA Factbook [5])
208 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 242 French overseas collectivity; includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
209 Cook Islands 236 Self-governing in free association with New Zealand
210 Tristan da Cunha 201 Dependency of St Helena (UK) [6]
211 Wallis and Futuna 200 French overseas collectivity; includes Île Uvéa (Wallis Island), Île Futuna (Futuna Island), Île Alofi, and 20 islets
212 American Samoa 199 Unorganized, unincorporated territory of the USA; includes Rose Island and Swains Island
213 Marshall Islands 181 Includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik
214 Aruba 180 Self-governing part of the Netherlands
215 Liechtenstein 160
216 British Virgin Islands 151 Overseas territory of the UK; comprised of 16 inhabited and more than 20 uninhabited islands; includes the island of Anegada
Christmas Island 135 Territory of Australia. (source: CIA Factbook [7])
217 Saint Helena 122 Overseas territory of the UK; excluding dependencies
218 Jersey 116 Crown dependency of the UK
219 Montserrat 102 Overseas territory of the UK
220 Anguilla 91 Overseas territory of the UK
221 Ascension Island 88 Dependency of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena
222 Guernsey 78 Crown dependency of the UK; includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands
223 San Marino 61
British Indian Ocean Territory 60 Overseas territory of the UK; includes the entire Chagos Archipelago. (source: CIA Factbook [8])
Bouvet Island 58.50 Uninhabited island claimed by Norway. (source: CIA Factbook [9])
224 Bermuda 53 Overseas territory of the UK
US Minor Outlying Islands 41 Uninhabited islands under the sovereignty of the USA; includes Palmyra Atoll, Wake Island, Midway Islands (including Eastern Island, Sand Island, and Spit Island), Navassa Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Howland Island, Baker Island, and Kingman Reef. (source: CIA Factbook [10])
Îles Éparses 39 Under French sovereignty; includes Europa Island, Glorioso Islands (including Île Glorieuse, Île du Lys, Verte Rocks, Wreck Rock, and South Rock), Tromelin Island, Juan de Nova Island, Bassas da India. (source: CIA Factbook [11])
225 Norfolk Island 36 Self-governing area of Australia
Macau 26 Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. Included in the above listed figure for China.
226 Tuvalu 26
227 Nauru 21
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 14 Territory of Australia; includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island. (source: CIA Factbook [12])
228 Tokelau 12 Territory of New Zealand
229 Gibraltar 6 Overseas territory of the UK
Clipperton Island 6 French possession. (source: CIA Factbook [13])
230 Pitcairn Islands 5 Colony of the UK
Ashmore and Cartier Islands 5 Part of the Australian Northern Territory; includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island. (source: CIA Factbook [14])
Spratly Islands less than 5 The People’s Republic of China (PRC), the Republic of China (Taiwan), and Vietnam each claim sovereignty over the entire group of islands, while Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines each claim various parts; includes 100 or so islets, coral reefs, and sea mounts scattered over an area of nearly 410,000 km² of the central South China Sea. (source: CIA Factbook [15])
Coral Sea Islands less than 3 Australian territory; includes numerous small islands and reefs scattered over a sea area of about 780,000 km², with the Willis Islets the most important. (source: CIA Factbook [16])
231 Monaco 1.49 The Monaco government lists the surface area as 1.95 km²
232 Vatican City 0.44

[edit] Source

[edit] Note

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Israel has annexed and administers the Golan Heights. The area is not considered by the international community to be Israeli territory.

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Since the Six Day War in 1967 Syria doesn't control the area.

[edit] See also


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