List of counties in New York

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Map of the counties of New York State (click for larger version)

There are sixty-two counties in the State of New York. Five of these are boroughs of New York City and do not have functioning county governments.


Contents

[edit] List of New York counties

State Abbr. FIPS State Code State
NY 36 New York
FIPS County Code County Formed County seat Named after
001 Albany November 1, 1683 as one of the original 12 counties Albany the Duke of York and Albany.
003 Allegany April 7, 1806 from part of Genesee County Belmont the Allegheny River.
005 Bronx April 19, 1912 from part of New York County that originally was in Westchester County Coextensive with The Bronx in New York City Jonas Bronck
007 Broome March 28, 1806 from part of Tioga County Binghamton John Broome.
009 Cattaraugus March 11, 1808 from part of Genesee County Little Valley a Seneca phrase meaning "bad smelling banks" (referring to the odor of natural gas which leaked from local rock formations).
011 Cayuga March 8, 1799 from part of Onondaga County Auburn the Cayuga tribe
013 Chautauqua March 11, 1808 from part of Genesee County Mayville a Seneca word meaning "where the fish was taken out."
015 Chemung March 29, 1836 from part of Tioga County Elmira a Lenape word meaning "big horn", which was the name of a local Indian village
017 Chenango March 15, 1798 from parts of Tioga County and Herkimer County Norwich an Onondaga word meaning "large bull-thistle"
019 Clinton 1788 from part of Washington County Plattsburgh George Clinton
021 Columbia 1786 from part of Albany County Hudson Christopher Columbus
023 Cortland 1808 from part of Onondaga County Cortland Pierre Van Cortlandt
025 Delaware 1797 from parts of Otsego County and Ulster County Delhi Thomas West, Lord De La Warr
027 Dutchess 1683 as one of the original 12 counties Poughkeepsie Lady Anne Hyde, the Duchess of York
029 Erie 1821 from part of Niagara County Buffalo the Erie tribe.
031 Essex 1799 from part of Clinton County Elizabethtown the county of Essex in England.
033 Franklin 1808 from part of Clinton County Malone Benjamin Franklin.
035 Fulton 1838 from part of Montgomery County Johnstown Robert Fulton.
037 Genesee 1802 from part of Ontario County Batavia a Seneca phrase meaning "good valley".
039 Greene 1800 from parts of Albany County and Ulster County Catskill Nathanael Greene.
041 Hamilton 1816 from part of Montgomery County Lake Pleasant Alexander Hamilton.
043 Herkimer 1791 from part of Montgomery County Herkimer Nicholas Herkimer.
045 Jefferson 1805 from part of Oneida County Watertown Thomas Jefferson.
047 Kings 1683 as one of the original 12 counties Coextensive with Brooklyn in New York City. King Charles II of England.
049 Lewis 1805 from part of Oneida County Lowville Morgan Lewis.
051 Livingston 1821 from parts of Genesee County and Ontario County Geneseo Robert R. Livingston
053 Madison 1806 from part of Chenango County Wampsville James Madison
055 Monroe 1821 from parts of Genesee and Ontario counties Rochester James Monroe
057 Montgomery 1772 from part of Albany County Fonda. Originally Tryon County. Renamed after Richard Montgomery in 1784
059 Nassau 1899 from Queens County Mineola William of Nassau
061 New York 1683 as one of the original 12 counties Coextensive with Manhattan in New York City the Duke of York and Albany
063 Niagara 1808 from part of Genesee County Lockport an Indian word meaning "thunder of waters"
065 Oneida 1798 from part of Herkimer County Utica the Oneida tribe
067 Onondaga 1792 from part of Herkimer County Syracuse the Onondaga tribe
069 Ontario 1789 from part of Montgomery County Canandaigua an Iroquois word meaning "beautiful lake"
071 Orange 1683 as one of the original 12 counties Goshen William of Orange
073 Orleans 1824 from part of Genesee County Albion the French Royal House of Orleans
075 Oswego 1816 from parts of Oneida and Onondaga counties Pulaski  
077 Otsego 1791 from part of Montgomery County Cooperstown Native American name for Otsego Lake
079 Putnam 1812 from part of Dutchess County Carmel Israel Putnam.
081 Queens 1683 as one of the original 12 counties Jamaica. Coextensive with Queens in New York City Queen Catherine of Braganza
083 Rensselaer 1791 from part of Albany County Troy Killiaen Van Rensselaer
085 Richmond 1683 as one of the original 12 counties St. George. Coextensive with Staten Island in New York City. the title of the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England.
087 Rockland 1798 from part of Orange County New City. early settlers' description of terrain as "rocky land".
091 Saratoga 1791 from part of Albany County Ballston Spa. corrupted Native American word meaning "the hill beside the river".
093 Schenectady 1809 from part of Albany County Schenectady Mohawk phrase meaning "on the other side of the pine lands".
095 Schoharie 1795 from parts of Albany County and Otsego County Schoharie.
097 Schuyler 1795 from parts of Chemung County, Steuben County, and Tompkins County Watkins Glen Philip Schuyler.
099 Seneca 1804 from part of Cayuga County. County seats: Ovid and Waterloo the Seneca tribe
089 St. Lawrence 1802 from parts of Clinton County, Herkimer County, and Montgomery County Canton named after the river that forms the northern boarder of the county and New York State
101 Steuben 1796 from part of Ontario County Bath Friedrich von Steuben.
103 Suffolk 1683 as one of the original 12 counties Riverhead
105 Sullivan 1809 from part of Ulster County Monticello John Sullivan
107 Tioga 1791 from part of Montgomery County Owego an Indian word meaning "at the forks," describing a meeting place
109 Tompkins 1817 from parts of Cayuga County and Seneca County Ithaca Daniel D. Tompkins
111 Ulster 1683 as one of the original 12 counties Kingston
113 Warren 1813 from part of Washington County Lake George General Joseph Warren
115 Washington 1772 from part of Albany County Hudson Falls. originally Charlotte County; renamed after George Washington in 1784
117 Wayne 1823 from parts of Ontario County and Seneca County Lyons General Anthony Wayne.
119 Westchester 1683 as one of the original 12 counties White Plains
121 Wyoming 1841 from part of Genesee County Warsaw.
123 Yates 1823 from parts of Ontario and Steuben counties Penn Yan Governor Joseph C. Yates.

[edit] County Summary

The largest county in New York based on area is St. Lawrence County, and the smallest is New York County. The largest county based on population is Kings County, and the smallest is Hamilton County. The county with the largest population density is New York County (52,419 people/square mile), and the county with the smallest population density is Hamilton County (3 people/square mile).

The easternmost county is Suffolk County and the westernmost is Chautauqua County. The northernmost county is St. Lawrence County and the southernmost is Richmond County. The newest county is Bronx County (formed in 1914).

[edit] Defunct counties

  1. Charlotte County: formed from 11,170 Square Miles of land from Albany County on March 12, 1772, but renamed and partitioned. See Washington County, New York.
  2. Cornwall County: Created on September 5, 1665 from 25,100 Square Miles of un-organized land to cover the Duke of York's land grant in present day Maine. On October 7, 1673, 24,900 Square Miles were lost to Devonshire, Massachusetts because of a boundary dispute. The remainder of the land was lost in the Autumn of 1675 to the Abnaki indians as a result of a war. The original grant was recreated on November 1, 1683, for the same reasons. The entire grant was transferred to Massachusetts because of the expansion of the Dominion of New England in the Spring of 1687. The entire grant covers what today are Aroostook, Piscataquis, Penobscot, Hancock, Washington, Waldo, Knox, Lincoln, Kennebec, and Somerset counties.
  3. Cumberland County: formed on July 3, 1766 from 1,910 Square Miles of Albany County land. Cumberland was disestablished on June 26, 1767, with the land returned to Albany County. Cumberland County was reinstated on March 19, 1768, this time with 2,050 Square Miles of land from Albany County. An additional 210 Square Miles of land - this time from partitioned from Albany and Charlotte Counties, with some of it passed on to Gloucester County. On April 1, 1775, 10 Square Miles of land was exchanged between Cumberland, Albany and Charlotte counties. On January 15, 1777, Cumberland County was extinguished due to the partitioning of Vermont from New York and New Hampshire. The Cumberland lands produced Windham, Bennington, Rutland, Windsor, and parts of Addison and Orange counties in Vermont. On March 7, 1788, New York attempted to adjust the border between itself and Vermont at the location where Cumberland County had previously existed, but to no effect.
  4. Dukes County: formed on November 1, 1683 as one of the original 12 counties. Created to cover the 1674 grant of the Martha's Vinyard, Elizabeth Islands, and Nantucket islands to the Duke of York. Transferred to Massachusetts on October 7, 1691, where it was divided into Dukes County, Massachusetts, which consists of Martha's Vinyard and the Elizabeth Islands, and Nantucket County, Massachusetts.
  5. Gloucester County: formed on March 16, 1770 from 1,540 Square Miles of land from Albany County. 3,390 Square Miles of additional land was transferred from Cumberland County, with some of the original transfer returned to Charlotte on March 24, 1772. Gloucester County, New York became all or most of Orange, Essex, Caledonia, Orleans, Lamoile and Washington Counties in Vermont on January 15, 1777.
  6. Tryon County: formed on March 12,1772 from indefinite amounts of land to the west of Albany County and renamed Montgomery County on April 2, 1784. On January 27, 1789, a western border was established as a result of the partitioning of the counto to create Ontario County. This resulted in Montgomery County having a total of 21,400 Square Miles within its borders. On February 16, 1892, Montgomery County was again partitioned, this time to create Herkimer, Otsego and Tioga counties. This reduced Montgomery to 1,080 Square Miles of land. As a result of an adjustment to the Montgomery-Herkimer border due to improved cartography, 3,730 Square miles of land passed from Herkimer to Montgomery, resulting in Montgomery having a total of 4,810 Square Miles of land on March 31, 1797. On April 3, 1801, Montgomery was partitioned again, this time with 1,870 Square Miles of land passing to Clinton, Essex, Saratoga, and Washington Counties, resulting in Montgomery only having 2,940 Square Miles of land. On April 12, 1816, Montgomery was again partitioned for the creation of Hamilton County, producing a Montgomery County of only 1,110 Square Miles of land. However, since Hamilton County was not properly organized, it remained a dependency of Montgomery County. On May 2, 1817, Montgomery County was again partitioned, this time passing 150 Square Miles of land to Herkimer County. On January 1, 1838, Hamilton County was finally organized sufficient to govern itself, and so it was detached from Montgomery. The final partition of Montgomery County took place on April 18, 1838, with 560 Square Miles of land going for the creation of Fulton County. This resulted in a Montgomery County of 400 Square Miles of land.
  7. Yorkshire County: original English county, partitioned in 1683 into Kings, Queens (including modern Nassau), Suffolk, Richmond and Westchester (including modern Bronx) counties.

[edit] Proposed new counties

Lists of Counties in the United States
(Parishes in Louisiana; Boroughs and census areas in Alaska)

Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming

[edit] See also

[edit] External link

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Counties

Albany | Allegany | Bronx | Broome | Cattaraugus | Cayuga | Chautauqua | Chemung | Chenango | Clinton | Columbia | Cortland | Delaware | Dutchess | Erie | Essex | Franklin | Fulton | Genesee | Greene | Hamilton | Herkimer | Jefferson | Kings (Brooklyn) | Lewis | Livingston | Madison | Monroe | Montgomery | Nassau | New York (Manhattan) | Niagara | Oneida | Onondaga | Ontario | Orange | Orleans | Oswego | Otsego | Putnam | Queens | Rensselaer | Richmond (Staten Island) | Rockland | Saint Lawrence | Saratoga | Schenectady | Schoharie | Schuyler | Seneca | Steuben | Suffolk | Sullivan | Tioga | Tompkins | Ulster | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Westchester | Wyoming | Yates

de:Liste der Countys in New York

es:Lista de condados de Nueva York fr:Comtés de l'État de New York nl:Lijst van county's in New York ja:ニューヨーク州の郡一覧 pt:Lista de condados de Nova Iorque

List of counties in New York

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