Prime Minister of Iraq

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Iraq
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Image:Flag of Iraq 1924.svg
Kingdom of Iraq (1921-1959)

The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraq's head of government. Prime Minister was originally an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament. Under the newly adopted constitution the Prime Minister is to be the country's active executive authority. Nouri al-Maliki (formerly Jawad al-Maliki) was selected to be Prime Minister on April 21, 2006. [1] [2]

Contents

[edit] Royal Prime Ministers of Iraq

From 1920 to 1958 the Prime Minister was appointed by the King of Iraq, and usually held office for a single year before being replaced.

For much of this period the Iraqi government was a British puppet government.

[edit] Republican Prime Ministers

Image:Flag of Iraq, 1991-2004.svg
Republic of Iraq (1992-2004)

After the republican revolution of 1958, the PM became appointed by the President of Iraq and served much longer terms, although in many circumstances the President held both the PM's office and Presidency simultaneously.

[edit] State Prime Ministers of Iraq (June 2004 – )

The Iraqi Interim Government was created by the United States and its coalition allies as a caretaker government to rule Iraq until the Iraqi Transitional Government was organized following the Iraqi National Assembly election. The position of Prime Minister was selected to be the Head of the Government

Under the Iraqi Transitional Government, the Members of the Iraqi National Assembly choose the Presidency Council; including the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

The Presidency Council then shall name a Prime Minister unanimously. According to this, the Presidency Council must agree on a candidate for the post within two weeks. In the event that it fails to do so, the responsibility of naming the Prime Minister reverts to the National Assembly. In that event, the National Assembly must confirm the nomination by a two-thirds majority. If the Prime Minister is unable to nominate his Council of Ministers within one month, the Presidency Council shall name another Prime Minister.

The Prime Minister cannot be appointed to any other position in or out of government. Because of this, no member of the Armed Forces, National Assembly, Minister, or member of the Presidency Council can be elected to this position unless the individual has resigned his commission or rank, or retired from duty at least eighteen months prior to serving.

The Prime Minister serves a four-year term.


No. Name Took Office Left Office Political Party Notes
* Iyad Allawi May 28, 2004 June 28, 2004 Iraqi National Accord Interim Prime Minister, subordinate to civil administrator
1 Iyad Allawi cont'd June 28, 2004 April 7 2005 Iraqi National Accord Interim Prime Minister prior to elections
2 Ibrahim al-Jaafari April 7, 2005 May 20 2006 Islamic Dawa Party Prime Minister under the Iraqi Transitional Authority.
3 Nouri al-Maliki May 20 2006 In Office Islamic Dawa Party Named Prime Minister-designate on April 21.
Became first Prime Minister appointed under terms of new constitution

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  • The position was dissolved due to the Invasion of Iraq in 2003 and not reestablished until June 2004. Coalition Provisional Authority in charge, with the Iraqi Governing Council.

[edit] See also

fr:Premiers ministres d'Irak id:Perdana Menteri Irak pl:Premierzy Iraku zh:伊拉克总理

Prime Minister of Iraq

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