President of Iraq

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Iraq
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The President of Iraq is Iraq's head of state. Between 1958 and 2003 the President was also the head of government, but since 2005 this position has been held by the Prime Minister of Iraq. Iraq became a republic after the overthrow of the monarchy in 1958.
Image:Talabani Sept05.jpg
Jalal Talabani, incumbent President of Iraq

Contents

[edit] Presidents of the Republic of Iraq

For most of the country's history, Iraq's presidents have been authoritarian dictators occupying an office without a clearly designed constitutional structure. Such presidents exercised all power single-handedly, operating only with the consultation of a small cabinet.


No. Name Took Office Left Office Political Party Flag
* Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i July 14, 1958 February 8, 1963 Military Image:Flag of Iraq 1959-1963.svg
01 Abd as-Salam Arif February 8, 1963 April 13, 1966 Military Image:Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg
02 Abd ar-Rahman al-Bazzaz April 13, 1966 April 16, 1966 Military Image:Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg
03 Abd ar-Rahman Arif April 16, 1966 July 17, 1968 Military Image:Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg
04 Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr July 17, 1968 July 16, 1979 Baath Party Image:Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg
05 Saddam Hussein July 16, 1979 April 9, 2003 Baath Party Image:Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg
Image:Flag of Iraq, 1991-2004.svg

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* Head of state as Chairman of the Sovereignty Council, but not technically president.

[edit] Presidents of the Iraq interim governing council

Image:Cpa iraq.jpg
Coalition Provisional Authority Seal (2004)

Following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003 an interim council ran Iraq under an American-led occupation authority. The council decided to have a 9-member collective presidency, in which formal chairmanship of the group would rotate on a monthly basis.


No. Name Term in Office Ethnic Group
* Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum, (acting) (1st time) 13 - 31 July 2003 Shiite Arab
* Ibrahim al-Jaafari August 2003 Shiite Arab
* Ahmed Chalabi September 2003 Shiite Arab
* Iyad Allawi October 2003 Shiite Arab
* Jalal Talabani November 2003 Kurdish
* Abdel-Aziz al-Hakim December 2003 Shiite Arab
* Adnan Pachachi January 2004 Sunni Arab
* Mohsen Abdel Hamid February 2004 Sunni Arab
* Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum, (2nd time) March 2004 Shiite Arab
* Massoud Barzani April 2004 Kurdish
* Ezzedine Salim May 1, 2004 – May 17, 2004 Shiite Arab
* Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer May 17, 2004 – June 28, 2004 Sunni Arab

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[edit] State Presidents of Iraq

In 2004 the council approved an interim constitution, called the Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period. Following the transfer of sovereignty to the Iraqi people on June 28, 2004, Iraq's new Head of State is a "President of State", chosen by the elected National Assembly and run the three-person executive Presidency Council. The State President's powers are limited, with most executive authority belonging to the Prime Minister of Iraq.

On April 6, 2005 Jalal Talabani, the head of the PUK, became the first State President to be properly chosen by the newly-elected National Assembly.


No. Name Took Office Left Office Political Party Ethnic Group
* Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer June 28, 2004 April 6, 2005 The Iraqis Sunni Arab
01 Jalal Talabani April 7, 2005 In Office Patriotic Union of Kurdistan Kurdish

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  • In May 2004, outgoing council president Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer was chosen by the council to serve as the first Interim Iraqi State President under the Iraqi Interim Government until parliamentary elections could be held.
  • In April 2006, after the ratification of the new Iraqi Constitution in 2005, transitional President Jalal Talabani was elected as President of the Republic of Iraq under the new Constitution, and thus became the first President of the permanent Government established by the new constitutional order.

[edit] See also

id:Presiden Irak zh:伊拉克总统

President of Iraq

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