Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
Learn more about Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is a 16.3 acre (61,000 m²) complex of buildings in New York City which serves as home for 12 arts organizations: The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, The Film Society of Lincoln Center, Jazz at Lincoln Center, The Juilliard School, Lincoln Center Theater, The Metropolitan Opera, New York City Ballet, New York City Opera, New York Philharmonic, The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, School of America Ballet, and Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc. It was built during Robert Moses' program of urban renewal in the 1960s, by a consortium led by, and under the initiative of, John D. Rockefeller 3rd. It was the first gathering of major cultural institutions into a centralized location in a United States city, and is located between Columbus and Amsterdam Avenues and between West 62nd and 66th Streets on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. Lincoln Center cultural institutions also make use of facilities located away from the main campus. In 2004 Lincoln Center was expanded through the addition of Jazz at Lincoln Center's newly built facilities (Frederick P. Rose Hall) at the new Time Warner Center, located a few blocks to the south. In March 2006 Lincoln Center launched construction on a major redevelopment plan that will modernize, renovate, and open up the Lincoln Center campus in time for its 50th anniversary celebration in 2009.
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc. (also called "Lincoln Center Presents" or LCPA) is one of the 12 resident organization listed above, and serves three primary roles: presenter of artistic programming, national leader in arts and education and community relations, and manager of the Lincoln Center campus. As a presenter of more than 400 events annually, its programs include American Songbook, Great Performers, Lincoln Center Festival, Lincoln Center Out of Doors, Midsummer Night Swing, the Mostly Mozart Festival, and the Emmy Award-winning Live From Lincoln Center.
In July 2006, LCPA announced it will join with publishing company John Wiley & Sons, Inc. to publish at least 15 books, which will focus on performing arts, and will draw on Lincoln Center Institute’s educational background and archives. 
In March 2006, and continuing through 2009, Lincoln Center launched the 65th Street Project, a redevelopment plan to create a new pedestrian promenade designed to improve accessibility and the aesthetics of that area of the campus.
 Performance facilities
- Alice Tully Hall - 1,095-seat concert hall located within the Juilliard School building; home stage of The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
- Avery Fisher Hall – 2,738-seat symphony hall; home stage of the New York Philharmonic; formerly Philharmonic Hall
- The Metropolitan Opera House – 3,900-seat opera house; home stage of the Metropolitan Opera
- The New York State Theater – 2,713-seat ballet theater; originally constructed to be the home stage of the New York City Ballet, now also serves as home to the New York City Opera
- Vivian Beaumont Theater – 1,080-seat Broadway-style theater operated since 1985 as the main stage of Lincoln Center Theater. Previously occupied by The Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center (1965-1973) and The New York Shakespeare Festival (1973-1977).
- Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater (originally known as the Forum) – intimate 299-seat theater operated by Lincoln Center Theater for its Off-Broadway-style productions
- The Walter Reade Theatre – 268-seat movie theater; used by The Film Society of Lincoln Center; features a raised dais used for post-screening filmmaker discussions
- Jazz at Lincoln Center, while a part of Lincoln Center, is located separately in the Frederick P. Rose Hall complex within the Time Warner Center at Columbus Circle. It consists of the following performance and related facilities:
- The Allen Room – 508-seat amphitheater with 50-foot glass wall overlooking Central Park; part of Jazz at Lincoln Center's facilities
- Dizzy's Club Coca-Cola – nightclub-style venue in the Jazz at Lincoln Center facility; allows jazz to be performed in its traditional venue
- Rose Theater – 1,094-seat concert hall designed for jazz performances.
- Irene Diamond Education Center – rehearsal, recording, and classroom facility at Jazz at Lincoln Center
 Other associated and local theatres and facilities
- Church of St. Ignatius Loyola – Roman Catholic Church located on Park Avenue between 83rd and 84th Streets on the Upper East Side; used by Lincoln Center for its great acoustics and its pipe organ (allowing expanded organ repertoire, since the Metropolitan Opera House and Alice Tully Hall are the only other venues with a pipe organ) [neutrality disputed]
- Clark Studio Theater – 120-seat dance theater; part of the facilities of the Lincoln Center Institute for the Arts in Education
- Damrosch Park – outdoor amphitheater with bowl-style stage known as the Guggenheim Band Shell, used for free Lincoln Center Out of Doors presentations
- Daniel and Joanna S. Rose Rehearsal Studio – rehearsal studio of The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
- The Gerald W. Lynch Theater at John Jay College – theater at John Jay College of Criminal Justice; used for the Lincoln Center Festival and Great Performers series
- Josie Robertson Plaza – central plaza of Lincoln Center featuring its iconic fountain; the three main buildings (Metropolitan Opera House, Avery Fisher Hall, and New York State Theater) face onto this plaza; used as an outdoor venue during Midsummer Night Swing and Lincoln Center Out of Doors presentations
- Juilliard Drama Theater
- Juilliard School – facility housing the school of the same name; building also incorporates Alice Tully Hall, Morse Recital Hall, Paul Recital Hall, the Juilliard Drama Theater, and the Juilliard Theater
- Juilliard Theater (now the Peter J. Sharp Theater)
- La Guardia Concert Hall – concert hall in the Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts, located across Amsterdam Avenue from Lincoln Center
- La Guardia Drama Theater – drama theater in the same school
- Morse Recital Hall – recital hall within the Juilliard School
- New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Paul Recital Hall – recital hall within the Juilliard School
- Pope Auditorium - theater located in Leon Lowenstein Hall of Fordham University's Lincoln Center campus (located across West 62nd Street from Lincoln Center)
- Stanley H. Kaplan Penthouse – nightclub-style venue; used for intimate concerts, “Meet the Artist” and Great Performers events, lectures, and other events where a small, intimate space is preferred; was also used for jazz performances prior to the construction of the new Jazz at Lincoln Center facilities
 Resident Organizations
Lincoln Center houses several cultural companies and institutions, including:
- American Ballet Theatre
- The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
- The Film Society of Lincoln Center (sponsor of the New York Film Festival)
- Jazz at Lincoln Center
- The Juilliard School
- Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc., also called "Lincoln Center Presents"
- Lincoln Center Theater
- Metropolitan Opera
- New York City Ballet
- New York City Opera
- New York Philharmonic
- The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- School of American Ballet
Architects who designed buildings at Lincoln Center include:
- Max Abramovitz - Avery Fisher Hall
- Pietro Belluschi - The Juilliard School (including Alice Tully Hall)
- Gordon Bunshaft - The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Wallace Harrison - Master plan & Metropolitan Opera House
- Philip Johnson - New York State Theater
- Eero Saarinen - Vivian Beaumont Theater
 Historical events
- April 21, 1955 - Lincoln Square designated for urban renewal.
- June 22, 1956 - Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc. incorporated.
- May 14, 1959 - Ground breaking ceremony with President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
- September 23, 1962 - Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall) opened.
- April 6, 1964 - Lincoln Center Fountain opened.
- April 23, 1964 - New York State Theater opened.
- October 14, 1965 - Vivian Beaumont Theater and the Forum (now Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater) opened.
- November 30, 1965 - The Library & Museum of the Performing Arts opened.
- September 16, 1966 - The Metropolitan Opera House opened.
- September 11, 1969 - Alice Tully Hall opened.
- October 26, 1969 - Juilliard School opened.
- October 19, 1976 - Avery Fisher Hall re-opened after renovation to improve acoustics.
- December 4, 1981 - The Big Apple Circus performed at its winter home in Damrosch Park for the first time. The circus has performed every winter at Lincoln Center ever since.
- September 7, 1982 - New York State Theater re-opened after renovation to improve acoustics.
- May 22, 1969 - Damrosch Park and the Guggenheim Band Shell opened.
- September 2, 1986 - Former Jewish Defense League National Chairman Chaim Ben Pesach throws a tear gas grenade during a performance of Soviet ballet in the Metropolitan Opera House as a protest against the Soviet practice of not letting its Jews emigrate to Israel.
- November 19, 1990 - The Samuel B. and David Rose Building opened; houses the Walter Reade Theater, the Stanley H. Kaplan Penthouse, the Daniel and Joanna S. Rose Rehearsal Studio, the Clark Studio Theater, and Juilliard School student residences, as well as office space for a number of the member organizations.
- December 3, 1991 - The Walter Reade Theater opened within the previously completed Samuel B. and David Rose Building.
- July 12, 1997 - The Paul Milstein Plaza dedicated.
- October 18, 2004 - Jazz at Lincoln Center opened.
- March 2006 - Preliminary construction on the West 65th Street Project begins
- June 8, 2006 - Plans for Lincoln Center to transform the nearby Harmony Atrium into a public space for the arts open to the public, neighbors, students, and Lincoln Center patrons are announced.
- June 12, 2006 - The Lincoln Center Promenade initiative to revitalize Lincoln Center's Columbus Avenue frontage and the iconic Josie Robertson Plaza is unveiled.
- August 20, 2006 - Paul Milstein Plaza dismantled as part of 65th Street Redevelopment project.