# Leonid Kantorovich

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**Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich** (January 19, 1912 in Petersburg – April 7, 1986 in Moscow) (Russian: Леонид Витальевич Канторович)
was a Soviet/Russian mathematician and economist. He is famous for his theory and development of techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He was the winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1975.

Kantorovich worked for the Soviet government. He was given the task of optimizing production in a plywood industry. He came up (1939) with the mathematical technique now known as linear programming, some years before it was reinvented and much advanced by George Dantzig. He authored several books including *The Mathematical Method of Production Planning and Organization* and *The Best Uses of Economic Resources*.

The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences, which he shared with Tjalling Koopmans, was given "for their contributions to the theory of optimal allocation of resources."

## [edit] See also

## [edit] External links

- Leonid Kantorovich (with a small photo)
- contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources.
- koopmans lecture - pdf
- O'Connor, John J., and Edmund F. Robertson. "Leonid Kantorovich".
*MacTutor History of Mathematics archive*. (With additional photos.) - Leonid Kantorovich at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- (Russian)Biography on the homepage of Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, in Russian
- (Russian)mmonline.ru
*On Leonid Kantorovich and linear programming*(in Russian), by Anatoly Vershik

**Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences: Laureates (1969-1975)**

es:Leonid Kantorovich fr:Leonid Kantorovich ja:レオニート・カントロヴィチ pl:Leonid W. Kantorowicz pt:Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich ru:Канторович, Леонид Витальевич

Categories: 1912 births | 1986 deaths | People from Saint Petersburg | Economists | Russian economists | Jewish mathematicians | Soviet mathematicians | Russian mathematicians | Nobel laureates in Economics | Russian Nobel Prize winners | Alumni of St. Petersburg State University | Russian Jews