Lancaster, Pennsylvania

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Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Penn Square, with the historic Watt & Shand Building (since demolished, except for facade)
Image:Lancaster PA seal.png
Seal
Nickname: "The Red Rose City"
Location in Pennsylvania
Coordinates: °′40.0398 °′40.0398
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Lancaster
Founded 1730
Incorporated March 10, 1818
Mayor Rick Gray (D)
Area  
 - City 19.2 km²  (7.4 sq mi)
Population  
 - City (2003) 55,381
 - Density 2,940.0/km²
 - Urban 55,561
 - Metro 478,561
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: http://www.cityoflancasterpa.com

Lancaster, the Red Rose City, is a city in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and is the county seat of Lancaster County. With a population of 55,351,<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> it is ranked as the 515th-largest city in the United States. (Lancaster County, with its suburbs, boroughs, and townships, is the 99th largest<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> metropolitan statistical area in the United States, with an estimated population (in 2005) of 490,562.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>)

Contents

Locals quickly recognize visitors to Lancaster by the way they pronounce Lancaster. Natives typically pronounce it as LANK-i-stir, rather than LAN-CAS-ter (with the first two syllables more or less equally stressed), as is the common pronunciation for other Lancasters in the US.

[edit] History


[edit] Geography

Lancaster is located at 40°2'23" North, 76°18'16" West (40.039860, -76.304366)GR1, and is 368 feet above sea level.

The city is located about 34 miles southeast of Harrisburg, 70 miles west of Philadelphia, 55 miles north-northeast of Baltimore and 87 miles north of Washington, D.C.

The nearest towns and boroughs are Millersville (4.0 miles), Willow Street (4.8 miles), East Petersburg (5.3 miles), Lititz (7.9 miles), Landisville (8.6 miles), Mountville (8.8 miles), Rothsville (8.9 miles), and Leola (8.9 miles).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 km² (7.4 mi²). 19.2 km² (7.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.14% is water.

[edit] Architecture

Here are the main types of architecture that still dominate the city of Lancaster, with a local example of each.

[edit] Demographics

The city has a higher percentage of non-whites than the rest of the county. It is a popular home for many Puerto Ricans and other Latinos. In 2000, 24.34% of Lancaster residents were of Puerto Rican ancestry. This was the highest percentage Puerto Rican of any place in Pennsylvania. The city of Lancaster celebrates its Hispanic heritage once every year with the Puerto Rican Festival, which is in its 27th year.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> There is a concentration of Amish farms east of the city and in that area horse-drawn buggies are commonly seen. In addition, the town is stereotypically associated with the Amish, as Lancaster as the highest concentration of Amish, than anywhere in the U.S.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 56,348 people, 20,933 households, and 12,162 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,940.0/km² (7,616.5/mi²). There were 23,024 housing units at an average density of 1,201.3/km² (3,112.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.55% White, 14.09% African American, 0.44% Native American, 2.46% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 17.44% from other races, and 3.94% from two or more races. 30.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,933 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.4% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,770, and the median income for a family was $34,623. Males had a median income of $27,833 versus $21,862 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,955. 21.2% of the population and 17.9% of families were below the poverty line. 29.2% of those under the age of 18 and 12.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

[edit] Economy

Lancaster suffers from high unemployment, especially in the southeastern quadrant, in part of Amish residents as many are unlicensed farmers.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>This area, which includes census tracts 8, 9, 15, and 16, had unemployment rates of 10.9%, 10.1%, 3.5%, and 9.0% , respectively, in 1999, when the rest of the county was 4.9%. The Lancaster County Workforce Investment Board sees a persistent problem in underemployment: "People are working but surviving just on the edge of poverty." Outside the city, however, employment has increased 18% by adding 34,900 jobs between the years 1999 and 2002.

Lancaster City has been in the process of recreating itself recently with an explosion of specialty shops, boutiques, bars, clubs, and reinvestment in downtown institutions and locations making it a more desirable place to live.

Since 1999,[1] the Lancaster County Convention Center Authority, Penn Square Partners and the City's Redevelopment Authority have pursued a controversial plan to build a 300-room Marriott Hotel and a 220,000-square-foot taxpayer funded convention venue in and near the space formerly occupied by the Watt & Shand department store, preserving only the building's facade.[2] The project's supporters believe it would promote the revitalization of the city's center. Its opponents, however, feel it poses a significant risk to taxpayers. [3][4] This plan also includes the demolition of significant portions of other historic sites, including Thaddeus Stevens' home. [5]

There are also plans to convert an area of unused polluted industrial grounds, which were once occupied by Armstrong World Industries, into playing fields for Franklin & Marshall College. This action is expected to take up most of the former industrial site. The northeastern corner will be developed with funds from Lancaster General Hospital. The hospital plans to create a mixed-use development which will add several city blocks to Lancaster’s grid. F&M's president, John Fry, has also orchestrated the construction of new dormitories and apartments for Franklin & Marshall students along Harrisburg Pike. The land on which the dorms are currently being constructed has been unused for a number of years and is expected to have both commercial and residential space.

[edit] Public Transportation

The Red Rose Transit Authority (RRTA) provides bus transit to Lancaster City as well as surrounding areas in Lancaster County. RRTA is headquartered in downtown Lancaster.

Amtrak serves Lancaster and maintains a station at 53 McGovern Ave.[6] The city is served by the Lancaster Airport.

[edit] Notable residents

See also Category:People from Lancaster, Pennsylvania

[edit] Historical Landmarks

Hamilton Watch Company
Watt and Shand Building (since demolished, only the facade remains)
The Griest Building
Wheatland Mansion
Fulton Opera House
J.P. McCaskey High School

[edit] Sports

Team Sport League Championships Venue
Lancaster Barnstormers Baseball Atlantic League of Professional Baseball; South Division 1 (2006) Clipper Magazine Stadium
Roses Rugby Football Club Rugby union Mid Atlantic Rugby Football Union; Eastern Pennsylvania Rugby Union 1 (2005) Lancaster County Racquetball & Health Club

The city of Lancaster has two professional sports teams, the Lancaster Barnstormers and the Roses Rugby Football Club.

After 44 years without professional baseball, the Barnstormers arrived to fill the void left by the departed Lancaster Red Roses. The Lancaster Barnstormers are named after the "barnstorming" baseball players who played exhibition games in the surrounding county, as well as a reference to the county's many farms. The Barnstormers continue a couple of traditions of the old Red Roses, as their official colors are navy blue, red, and khaki, the same colors used by the Red Roses. More importantly, the Barnstormers will continue the old baseball rivalry between Lancaster and the nearby city of York, when the York Revolution starts their inaugural season in 2007.

The Roses Rugby Football Club is the 2005 champion of the Mid Atlantic Rugby Football Union.

[edit] Inventions

  • The first battery-powered watch, the Hamilton Electric 500, was released in 1957 by the Hamilton Watch Company.
  • Peeps, those marshmallow chicks covered with yellow sugar sold as an Easter confection, were invented by the Rodda Candy Company of Lancaster in the 1920s. In 1953, Rodda was purchased by Sam Born, the Russian immigrant who invented ice cream "jimmies", and production was moved to Nazareth, Pennsylvania.

[edit] Colleges and universities

[edit] Media

[edit] Sites of interest

[edit] Local Businesses

Preceded by:
Philadelphia
Capital of the United States of America
1777
Succeeded by:
York

[edit] References

<references/>

[edit] Additional References

[edit] External links

Image:Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lancaster County.svg Municipalities and Communities of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
(County Seat: Lancaster)
Cities Lancaster
Boroughs Adamstown | Akron | Christiana | Columbia | Denver | East Petersburg | Elizabethtown | Ephrata | Lititz | Manheim | Marietta | Millersville | Mount Joy | Mountville | New Holland | Quarryville | Strasburg | Terre Hill
Townships Bart | Brecknock | Caernarvon | Clay | Colerain | Conestoga | Conoy | Drumore | Earl | East Cocalico | East Donegal | East Drumore | East Earl | East Hempfield | East Lampeter | Eden | Elizabeth | Ephrata | Fulton | Lancaster | Leacock | Little Brittain | Manheim | Manor | Martic | Mount Joy | Paradise | Penn | Pequea | Providence | Rapho | Sadsbury | Salisbury | Strasburg | Upper Leacock | Warwick | West Cocalico | West Donegal | West Earl | West Hempfield | West Lampeter
Communities and CDPs Bareville | Bird-in-Hand | Brickerville | Brownstown | Conestoga | Dillerville | East Earl | Elm | Gap | Gordonville | Hempfield | Holtwood | Intercourse | Kirkwood | Lampeter | Landisville | Leacock | Leaman Place | Leacock-Leola-Bareville | Leola | Maytown | Neffsville | Paradise | Pequea | Reamstown | Reinholds | Rheems | Rothsville | Ronks | Salunga | Salunga-Landisville | Smoketown | Stevens | Washington Boro | Willow Street


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af:Lancaster

bg:Ланкастър (Пенсилвания) es:Lancaster (Pensilvania) fr:Lancaster (Pennsylvanie) pdc:Lengeschder, Pennsilfaani pl:Lancaster (Pensylwania) pt:Lancaster (Pensilvânia) ru:Ланкастер, графский и герцогский титул tr:Lancaster

Lancaster, Pennsylvania

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