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Image:Japan kyushu map small.png
Kyūshū region of Japan and the current prefectures on Kyūshū island

Kyūshū (九州 Kyūshū?), literally "Nine Provinces," is the third largest island of Japan and most southerly and westerly of the four main islands. It is considered the birthplace of the Japanese civilization whereof the warm climate and high forestry and agricultural production. Its alternate ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国, literally "Nine Nations" or "Nine Countries"), Chinzei (鎮西, literally "Pacifying the West"), and Tsukushi-no-shima (筑紫島, "the Island of Tsukushi"). The ancient region Saikaidō consists of Kyūshū and its surrounding islands.

Population: 14,779,000 (2003). Area: 35,640 km².


[edit] Geography

The island is mountainous, and Japan's tallest active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,592 m, is on Kyūshū. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyūshū.

The name "Kyūshū" came from the former nine provinces of Saikaidō on the island, that are Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hyūga, Osumi, and Satsuma.

The current Kyūshū region (九州地方, kyūshū-chihō) is a politically defined region that consists of seven prefectures on Kyūshū, and Okinawa Prefecture to the south.

By population, the largest city on the island is Fukuoka and is populated by approximately 1.4 million people - a major business center with a major international airport as well as one of five stock exchanges in Japan. Kitakyushu is a designated city and major center for heavy industries, populated by slightly less than a million. Kumamoto and Kagoshima cities are 3rd and 4th widest, populated by more than a half million. Nagasaki has one of the oldest international ports, which was the only gateway to foreign countries during the Edo Period, from mid 16th to mid 18th centuries.

[edit] Economy/Climate

Parts of Kyūshū have a subtropical climate, particularly the Miyazaki and Kagoshima regions. Major agricultural products are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; silk is also widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain e.g. Arita, Imari, Satsuma and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals and metal processing.

[edit] Education

Major Universities and Colleges in Kyūshū:

[edit] See also

Look up Kyūshū in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

[edit] External links

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