Learn more about Kivu
Kivu was the name for a large "Region" in the Democratic Republic of Congo under the rule of Mobutu Sese Seko that bordered Lake Kivu. It included three "Sub-Regions" ("Sous-Regions" in French): Nord-Kivu, Sud-Kivu and Maniema, corresponding to the three current provinces created in 1988. The capital of the Kivu Region was in Bukavu, and the capitals of the three Sub-Regions were in Goma, Uvira and Kindu.
The name "Kivu" dates from at least 1914, when the colonial government divided Congo into 22 districts. In 1935, the districts were grouped into 6 provinces, each named after its capital. Costermansville Province (which had the same composition as the later "Kivu Region") was renamed "Kivu Province" in 1947.