Kenneth III of Scotland

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Cináed mac Duib
King of Scots
Reign 997–1005
Born before 967
Died 1005
Monzievaird
Buried Iona
Predecessor Causantín mac Cuilén
Successor Máel Coluim mac Cináeda
Issue Boite mac Cináeda ?
Gille Coemgáin ?
Giric ?
Father Dub mac Maíl Coluim

Cináed mac Duib (anglicised Kenneth III) (before 967–1005) was King of Scots from 997 to 1005. He was the son of Dub mac Maíl Coluim. Many of the Scots sources refer to him as Giric son of Cináed son of Dub, which is taken to be an error.<ref>Duncan, p. 22; Smyth, pp. 220–221 and 225, prefers to assume that Giric mac Cináeda meic Duib ruled jointly with his father; also ESSH, p.522, note 4.</ref>

The only event reported in Cináed's reign is the killing of Dúngal mac Cináeda by Gille Coemgáin mac Cináeda, by the Annals of the Four Masters s.a. 999. It is not certain that this refers to events in Scotland, and whether one or both were sons of this Cináed, or of Cináed mac Maíl Coluim, or some other person or persons, is not known.<ref>ESSH, p.520, note 5; Smyth, pp. 221–222, makes Gille Coemgáin the son of this Cináed following ESSH, p. 580.</ref> Cináed was killed in battle at Monzievaird in Strathearn by Máel Coluim mac Cináeda in 1005.<ref>Annals of Ulster and Chronicon Scotorum, s.a. 1005; the various versions of the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba and the Prophecy of Berchán agree on the site of the battle; ESSH, pp 522–524. Duncan, p. 22, suggests that the killer's name should be read as Giric mac Cináeda, a brother of Máel Coluim. If not, this Cináed's son Giric was presumably also killed at about this time.</ref>

Whether Boite mac Cináeda was a son of this Cináed, or of Cináed mac Maíl Coluim, is uncertain, although most propose this Cináed. A son, or grandson of Boite, was reported to be killed by Máel Coluim mac Cináeda in 1032 in the Annals of Ulster.<ref>This Cináed and Boite's son, Smyth, pp. 220–221; Duncan, p. 32. See also ESSH, p. 571, note 7.</ref> Cináed's granddaughter, Gruoch ingen Boite meic CináedaShakespeare's Lady Macbeth — was wife of Gille Coemgáin, Mormaer of Moray, wife of King Mac Bethad mac Findlaích and mother of King Lulach mac Gille Coemgáin. The meic Uilleim, descendants of William fitz Duncan by his first marriage, were probably descended from Cináed.<ref>Duncan, pp. 102–103.</ref>

[edit] Notes

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[edit] References

For primary sources see also External links below.

  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286, volume 1. Reprinted with corrections. Paul Watkins, Stamford, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
  • Duncan, A.A.M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
  • Smyth, Alfred P. Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80-1000. Reprinted, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7

[edit] External links

Preceded by:
Causantín mac Cuilén
King of Scots
997–1005
Succeeded by:
Máel Coluim mac Cináeda
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