Joseph E. Stiglitz

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Joseph E. Stiglitz <tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align: center;">Image:Joseph Stiglitz.jpg
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Born February 9, 1943
Gary, Indiana

<tr><th>Residence</th><td>Image:Flag of the United States.svg USA</td></tr><tr><th>Nationality</th><td>Image:Flag of the United States.svg American</td></tr><tr><th>Field</th><td>Economics</td></tr><tr><th>Institution</th><td>Columbia University</td></tr><tr><th>Alma Mater</th><td>MIT</td></tr><tr><th>Academic Advisor</th><td>Robert Solow</td></tr><tr><th>Known for</th><td>Screening</td></tr><tr><th>Notable Prizes</th><td>John Bates Clark Medal (1979)</br>Nobel Prize in Economics (2001)</td></tr>

Joseph Stiglitz (born February 9, 1943) is an American economist and a member of Columbia University faculty. He is a recipient of the John Bates Clark Medal (1979) and the Nobel Prize in Economics (2001). Former Senior Vice President and Chief Economist of the World Bank, he is famous for his critical view of globalization and international institutions like the International Monetary Fund or the World Bank. In 2000 Stiglitz founded the Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD), a think tank on international development based at Columbia University. Since 2001 he has been a member of the Columbia faculty, and has held the rank of University Professor since 2003. He also chairs the University of Manchester's Brooks World Poverty Institute.

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[edit] Biography

Stiglitz was born in Gary, Indiana, to Charlotte and Nathaniel Stiglitz. From 1960 to 1963, he studied at Amherst College, where he was a highly active member of the debate team and President of the Student Government. He went to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) for his fourth year as an undergraduate, where he later pursued graduate work. His undergraduate degree was awarded from Amherst College. From 1965 to 1966, he moved to Chicago to do research under Hirofumi Uzawa who had received a NSF grant. He studied for his PhD from MIT from 1966 to 1967, during which time he also held an MIT assistant professorship. From 1969 to 1970, he was a Fulbright research fellow at the University of Cambridge. In subsequent years, he held professorships at Yale University, Stanford University, Oxford University and Princeton University. Stiglitz is currently a Professor at Columbia University, with appointments at the Business School, the Department of Economics and the School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), and is editor of The Economists' Voice journal with J. Bradford DeLong and Aaron Edlin.

In addition to making numerous influential contributions to microeconomics, Stiglitz has played a number of policy roles. He served in the Clinton Administration as the chair of the President's Council of Economic Advisors (19951997). At the World Bank, he served as Senior Vice President and Chief Economist (19972000), in the time when unprecedented protest against international economic organizations started, most prominently with the Seattle WTO meeting of 1999.

[edit] Leaving the World Bank

Stiglitz always had a poor relationship with Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers. In 2000 Summers successfully petitioned for Stiglitz's removal, supposedly in exchange for World Bank President James Wolfensohn's re-appointment - an exchange that Wolfensohn denies took place. Whether Summers ever made such a blunt demand is questionable - Wolfensohn claims he would "have told him to fuck himself" (Mallaby, The World's Banker, p266).

Stiglitz promptly resigned his post as chief Economics advisor but stayed on as 'Special advisor to the President'. In this role, he continued criticism of the IMF, and, by implication, the US treasury department. In April 2000, in an article for the New Republic, he wrote on the IMF :

"They’ll say the IMF is arrogant. They’ll say the IMF doesn’t really listen to the developing countries it is supposed to help. They’ll say the IMF is secretive and insulated from democratic accountability. They’ll say the IMF’s economic ‘remedies’ often make things worse – turning slowdowns into recessions and recessions into depressions. And they’ll have a point. I was chief economist at the World Bank from 1996 until last November, during the gravest global economic crisis in a half-century. I saw how the IMF, in tandem with the U.S. Treasury Department, responded. And I was appalled".

The article was published a week before the annual meetings of the World Bank and IMF and provoked a strong response. It proved too strong for Summers, yet more lethally, Stiglitz's protector-of-sorts at the World Bank, Wolfensohn. Wolfensohn had privately empathised with Stiglitz's views, yet this time he had gone too far. Wolfensohn, worried for his second term - which Summers had threatened to veto - and with it, his Nobel Peace prize, had little other option left. Stiglitz was fired by Wolfensohn (see US Hegemony and the World Bank, p222-223, by Wade in 2002, Review of the International Political Economy).

[edit] Contribution to economics, life after the World Bank

In July 2000 Stiglitz founded the Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD) to help developing countries explore policy alternatives, and enable wider civic participation in economic policymaking.

Stiglitz' most famous research was on screening, a technique used by one economic agent to extract otherwise private information from another. It was for this contribution to the theory of information asymmetries that he shared the Nobel prize with George A. Akerlof and A. Michael Spence.

Along with his technical economic publications, Stiglitz is the author of Whither Socialism, a non-mathematical book providing an introduction to the theories behind economic socialism's failure in Eastern Europe, the role of imperfect information in markets, and misconceptions about how truly "free market" the free market capitalist system is. In 2002, he wrote Globalization and Its Discontents, where he asserts that the International Monetary Fund puts the interest of "its largest shareholder," the financial sector of the United States, above those of the poorer nations it was designed to serve. Stiglitz offers some reasons why globalization has engendered the hostility of protesters, such as those at Seattle and Genoa. This book sold over a million copies worldwide and was translated into more than 30 languages.

In 2003, Stiglitz published The Roaring Nineties, his analysis of the boom and bust of the 1990s. In 2004 he published "New Paradigm for Monetary Economics" (Cambridge University Press) and in 2005, Oxford University Press published his book "Fair Trade for All." Norton and Penguin brought out "Making Globalization Work The Next Steps to Social Justice" in August 2006.

[edit] Personal Information

Stiglitz's first two marriages ended in divorce. He was married for the third time on October 28, 2004, to Anya Schiffrin, who works at the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University.

[edit] Publications

  • Making Globalization Work ISBN 0-393-06122-1, Penguin Books, August 2006.
  • Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization, and Development ISBN 0-19-928814-3 (Initiative for Policy Dialogue Series C); by Joseph E. Stiglitz, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar; Oxford University Press 2006
  • Whither Socialism? (Wicksell Lectures), MIT Press, January 1996.
  • Frontiers of Development Economics: The Future in Perspective, edited with Gerald M. Meier, World Bank, May 2000.
  • New Ideas About Old Age Security: Toward Sustainable Pension Systems in the 21st Century , edited with Robert Holzmann, World Bank, January 2001.
  • Principles of Macroeconomics, Third Edition, with Carl E. Walsh, W.W. Norton & Company, March 2002.
  • Economics, Third Edition, with Carl E. Walsh, W.W. Norton & Company, April 2002.
  • Peasants Versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development, with Raaj K. Sah, Oxford University Press, April 2002.
  • Globalization and Its Discontents, W.W. Norton & Company, June 2002.
  • Towards a New Paradigm in Monetary Economics, with Bruce Greenwald, Cambridge University Press, forthcoming in May 2003.
  • The Roaring Nineties, W.W. Norton & Company, forthcoming in October 2003. Video presentation
  • Fair Trade for All: How Trade Can Promote Development (Initiative for Policy Dialogue Series C) -- by Joseph E. Stiglitz, Andrew Charlton; Hardcover
  • Economics of the Public Sector by Joseph E. Stiglitz
  • The Rebel Within: Joseph Stiglitz and the World Bank by Joseph E. Stiglitz (Editor), Ha-Joon Chang (Editor) (Paperback - February 25, 2002)
  • The Development Round Of Trade Negotiations In The Aftermath Of Cancun by Joseph E. Stiglitz, Andrew Charlton (Paperback - January 30, 2005)
  • A Chance For The World Bank by Joseph P Stiglitz (Foreword), Jozef Ritzen (Paperback - May 30, 2005)
  • Readings in the Modern Theory of Economic Growth by Joseph E. Stiglitz (Editor), Hirofumi Uzawa (Editor)
  • The World Bank Research Observer: No 2: August 1996 by Joseph Stiglitz

Online access to his published papers at his own website

[edit] External links

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Video lectures

Preceded by:
Michael Bruno
World Bank Chief Economist
1997-2000
Succeeded by:
Nicholas Stern
bn:জোসেফ স্টিগ্‌লিট্‌স

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Joseph E. Stiglitz

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