John W. Snow
Learn more about John W. Snow
John William Snow, Ph.D., LL.B. (born August 2, 1939, in Toledo, Ohio) served as the 73rd United States Secretary of the Treasury. He replaced Secretary Paul O'Neill on February 3, 2003 and was succeeded by Henry Paulson on July 3, 2006, in a move that had been anticipated for several weeks <ref></ref> <ref></ref> <ref></ref> <ref></ref>. Snow submitted a letter of resignation on May 30, 2006, effective "after an orderly transition period for my successor."<ref></ref> To replace him, U.S. President George W. Bush nominated Henry M. Paulson, Jr. Snow announced on Thursday, June 29, 2006 that he had completed his last day on the job; Robert Kimmitt served as acting secretary until Paulson was sworn in.
Born in Toledo, Ohio in 1939, Snow attended high school at Gilmour Academy in Gates Mills, Ohio. He did his undergraduate studies at Kenyon College (where he was a member of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity) and the University of Toledo, from which he received a B.A. in 1962. He received a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Virginia in 1965. From 1965 to 1967, he was an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Maryland. He completed an LL.B. at the George Washington University Law School in 1967 and then worked at the Washington, DC law firm of Wheeler & Wheeler from 1967 to 1972.
Snow's alma mater, Kenyon College, awarded him an honorary LL.D. in 1993. He has also received the U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary's Outstanding Achievement Award and has been named a Distinguished Fellow by the Yale School of Management.
 Public service during the Nixon-Ford period
In 1972, Snow left Wheeler & Wheeler and took up a position as Assistant Professor of Law at the George Washington University Law School. During the 3 years he spent with the GWU Law School, Snow also held positions in the US government: in 1972-73, as Assistant General Counsel for the Department of Transportation; in 1973-74, as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy, Plans and International Affairs; and in 1974-75, as Assistant Secretary for Governmental Affairs in the Department of Transportation.
In 1975, Snow left GWU Law School and took up the full-time position of Deputy Undersecretary in the Department of Transportation. In 1976 he left this post when he was named as Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
With the election of Jimmy Carter, Snow departed public life in 1977. During his transition period out of public life, in Spring 1977, he served as a Visiting Professor of Economics at the University of Virginia and as a Visiting Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. In addition, he was named a Distinguished Fellow at the Yale School of Management from 1978 until 1980.
 Career in the railway industry
Snow's years with the Department of Transportation proved useful to him, as in 1977, he became the Vice President in charge of Governmental Affairs for Chessie System, Inc., a holding company that owned three American railroads: the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, a.k.a. the C&O (for which the Chessie System was named); the Western Maryland Railway; and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (the B&O of Monopoly fame).
In 1980, Chessie System merged with another railroad holding company, Seaboard Coast Line Industries, to form CSX Corporation, and Snow became CSX's Senior Vice President-Corporate Services at their new headquarters in Richmond, Virginia. In 1984, he was promoted to Executive Vice President.
In 1985, CSX installed Snow as President and CEO of their B&O Railroad and he oversaw its merger with their C&O Railway in 1986. This created a new entity, CSX Transportation, headquartered in Jacksonville, Florida. Snow became the President and CEO of CSX Transportation.
In 1988, Snow left CSX Transportation (the railroad) to become President and Chief Operating Officer of CSX Corporation (the holding company). As of April 1989, he was President and Chief Executive Officer of CSX. From 1991, he also served as CSX's Chairman. He continued to hold all three posts until he was named Secretary of the Treasury in 2003. Part of CSX, CSX Lines was sold to The Carlyle Group, early in 2003. After he left the company for the White House, CSX sold its international port operations to the UAE company, Dubai Transport.
 Public service during time in the private sector
During Ronald Reagan's campaign for the presidency in 1980, Snow was a member of Governor Reagan's four-man advisory group on regulatory policy. Following his election victory, President-Elect Reagan named Snow as Vice Chairman of his Transportation Transition Team.
Snow would go on to serve on the White House Conference for a Drug Free America; the Services Policy Advisory Committee of the U.S. Trade Representative; as Co-Chair of the National Commission on Financial Institution Reform, Recovery and Enforcement; the National Commission on Intermodal Transportation; the National Commission on Economic Growth and Tax Reform; as a Trustee of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts; and as a Member of the Richmond City School Board.
He was the co-chairman of the Conference Board's Blue-Ribbon Commission on Public Trust and Private Enterprise. He also served as co-chairman of the National Commission on Financial Institution Reform, Recovery and Enforcement in 1992 that made recommendations following the savings and loan crisis.
From 1994 through 1996, he was Chairman of the Business Roundtable, a business policy group comprised of 250 chief executive officers of the nation's largest companies, and played a major role in supporting passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
 Further affiliations
Snow has served as a director for Bassett Furniture Industries, Inc.; Circuit City Stores, Inc.; NationsBank Corp.; Textron Inc.; USX Corporation; the U.S.-Japan Business Council; and the Association of American Railroads.
He has served on the Board of Trustees of the Johns Hopkins University and the University of Virginia Darden School Foundation.
He has been a member of the Business Roundtable; the Executive Committee of The Business Council; the Virginia Business Council; and the National Coal Council.
On October 19, 2006, John W. Snow was named chairman of Cerberus Capital Management.
 Secretary of the Treasury
In May 2004, it was revealed that Snow's brokers had bought $10 million of debt issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac without his knowledge in February 2003. When Snow found out, he divested the debt holdings. A Treasury ethics lawyer has found that the holdings did not represent a conflict of interest but had the potential to do so in the future. 
On May 26, 2006 Snow announced that he would be resigning effective July 3. He said the White House would make an official statement the following week. On May 30, it was formally announced that Snow would leave this position. On this same day, it was announced that President George W. Bush had nominated Goldman Sachs CEO Henry Paulson to replace Snow. 
 External links
-  White House Biography
-  Treasury Department Biography
-  Video Webcast Center of the Department of the Treasury. It contains media briefings given by John W. Snow, and other Treasury officials.
|United States Secretary of the Treasury|
February 3 2003 – July 3 2006
| United States Secretaries of the Treasury
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