Jamestown, New York

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For other places with this name, see Jamestown.
City of Jamestown, New York
Satellie Image of Jamestown, New York
Coordinates: 42°5′44″N, 79°14′19″W
Country United States of America
State New York
County Chautauqua
Founded 1810
Incorporated (village) 1827
Incorporated (city) 1886
Mayor Samuel Teresi
 - City km²
 - Land 22.94 km²
 - Water 0.217 km²
Elevation 525 m  (1722 ft)
 - City (2003) 30,726
 - Density 1,364.3/km² (3,534.6/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 14701, 14733

Jamestown is a city in Chautauqua County, New York in the United States. The population was 31,730 at the 2000 census.

The City of Jamestown is adjacent to Town of Ellicott and is at the southern tip of Chautauqua Lake.


[edit] History

The City of Jamestown was incorporated in 1886. The city has been a center for the manufacture of wood products such as furniture as well as a major producer of mattresses. The town was once called the "Furniture Capital of the World." Although much of these industries have migrated away from the area in recent times, Jamestown still retains a few large manufacturing plants for various multinational corporations.

The city has a large concentration of citizens of Swedish and Italian ancestry.

[edit] Timeline

Timeline of events in Jamestown, New York are presented here.

  • 1810 - Jamestown founded
  • 1827 - Jamestown incorporated as a village
  • 1886 - Jamestown incorporated as a city. Oscar F. Price is elected as fist mayor.
  • 1887 - Jamestown Electric Light and Power Company, Art Metal, and WCA Hospital established.
  • 1888 - Jamestown Woolen Spinning Co. established; cornerstone of Holy Trinity Lutheran Church laid
  • 1889 - American Aristotype Co. established
  • 1890 - First electric trolley car in Jamestown
  • 1891 - A fire destroyed the Old Homestead Hotel at Third and Pine Streets and four people died. James Prendergast Library is opened and the Municipal Light Plant is started
  • 1892 - Chautauqua Worsted Mills formed
  • 1893 - Jamestown Veneer Works started by Nathan Wilson; first ice cream company started making Collins Ice Cream.
  • 1895 - City Hall cornerstone laid; City Council decides to lay no more wooden sidewalks; Eleazer Green is elected mayor.
  • 1896 - Empire Worsted Mills is formed
  • 1898 - Chautauqua Towel Mills is opened
  • 1899 - Henry H. Cooper elected mayor
  • 1900 - Tinkham Brothers established their business; Furniture Index was published; Hall Textile Corp. formed.
  • 1903 - Jamestown purchased a water system; J. P. Danielson Tool Co. organized
  • 1906 - James L. Weeks is elected mayor
  • 1907 - Crescent Tool Company started by Karl Peterson and Charles F. Falldine
  • 1908 - Samuel A. Carlson is elected mayor. Music Study Club organized. Jamestown Symphony Orchestra started
  • 1910 - Excavation begun for construction of Jamestown General Hospital
  • 1911 - Norden Club started;
  • 1914 - Norden Clubhouse completed.
  • April 8, 1917 - Company E left for guard duty; Emerson Glass Co. started.
  • 1918 - Jamestown Corp. formed to make airplane propellors; steamer, City of Pittsburgh sinks at Boatlanding.
  • 1921 - Zonta Club organized.
  • 1925 - Hotel Samuels sold; Scottish Rite Temple formally opened; taxpayers vote a $350,000 bond issue for Third Street Bridge; Theodore Roosevelt speaks in Jamestown.
  • 1926 - Third Street Bridge completed.
  • 1927 - Jamestown celebrated centennial of its incorporation as a village. Lars Larson is elected mayor.
  • 1930 - Samuel A. Carlson serves as mayor once again
  • 1931 - A fire destroys the old Martyn Factory. The city purchases Niagara, Lockport & Ontario Power Co.
  • 1932 - Ground broken for the new armory; Erie Railroad station is dedicated; Community Chest permanently formed
  • 1933 - Elk Furniture Co. sold; Milton Carlson and Frederick Larson took over Jamestown Airport; board of education assumed title to school forest; Councilman Leon F. Roberts elected mayor
  • 1934 - Jamestown Airport Corp. offered airport to the city; city secured the old armory as relief center; ground breaking exercise held at new high school
  • 1935 - Board of Education opened new industrial arts building; City Council approved $314,000 airport for North Main Street site;
  • November 1935 - Jamestown High School formally dedicated
  • 1937 - Temple Hesed Abraham dedicated; Alfred Collegiate Extension Center opened with 80 students
  • 1938 - Harry C. Erickson becomes mayor; Jamestown General Hospital's maternity annex opened.
  • 1939 - Twelve local plans surveyed by government to produce supplies in wartime; city's new airport formally dedicated
  • 1940 - PONY league baseball began; Co. E inducted into federal service
  • 1941 - Jamestown Municipal Stadium dedicated; Samuel A. Stroth elected mayor.
  • 1942 - East Second Street widening ordered; flames destroyed old state armory
  • 1945 - Jamestown is hit by a tornado
  • 1946 - Dr. Carlyle C. Ring named superintendent of schools
  • 1950 - Jamestown Community College opened
  • 1951 - Stanley A. Weeks is elected mayor; addition to municipal power plant opened.
  • 1954 - Samuel A. Stroth is elected mayor; Allegheny airlines began east-west flight via Jamestown.
  • 1955 - Carl F. Sanford is elected mayor
  • 1956 - Lucy and Desi Arnaz visit Jamestown
  • 1957 - $400,000 runway improvement to Jamestown Municipal Airport
  • 1958 - New sewage disposal plant opened; modernization of Buffalo Street pumping station; new wing opened at Jamestown General Hospital
  • 1959 - Start of Jamestown's new post office.
  • 1960 - Jamestown celebrates sesquicentennial of first house erected here; Mohawk Airlines serves Jamestown.
  • 1961 - Jamestown Community College moved into new Falconer Street campus. William D. Whitehead elected mayor
  • 1963 - The City's first parking ramp opened at Main and Second Streets. Frederick H. Dunn elected mayor. Grandin Mills on Allen Street leveled by fire.
  • 1964 - Washington Street Bridge completed.
  • 1967 - Addition to Jamestown High School completed. JCC opened new Science and Engineering Building. Charles B. Magnuson elected mayor.
  • 1968 - Addition to James Prendergast Free Library completed.
  • 1969 - Cherry Street parking ramp opened. Rail service to Jamestown discontinued by Erie- Lackawanna Railway. Stanley N. Lundine elected mayor. New Gustavus Adolphus Children's Home opened.
  • 1970 - Final approval granted for Brooklyn Square Urban Renewal Project.

[edit] Geography

Jamestown is located at 42°5′44″N, 79°14′19″W (42.095457, -79.238619)GR1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.5 km² (9.1 mi²). 23.3 km² (9.0 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.88%) is water.

Being close to the Appalachian Mountains, Jamestown's elevation profile is relatively disjunct. A large hill on the East side of town is known as Swede Hill.

[edit] Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 31,730 people, 13,558 households, and 7,904 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,364.3/km² (3,534.6/mi²). There were 15,027 housing units at an average density of 646.1/km² (1,673.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.52% White, 3.39% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.80% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.94% of the population.

There were 13,558 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,837, and the median income for a family was $33,675. Males had a median income of $30,003 versus $20,039 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,316. About 15.8% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Economy

[edit] Major Businesses

The Jamestown area has a few large manufacturing plants that are major employers in this region. These include Bush Industries (makers of ready-to-assemble furniture), Cummins Inc. (manufacturer of diesel engines, the heavy duty engine plant is located in Lakewood, just west of Jamestown, but is named Jamestown Engine Plant - JEP), MRC Bearings, Valeo (a plant under its Engine Cooling division is located here) and Truck-Lite (makers of truck lighting systems).

[edit] Education

Jamestown has one campus of Jamestown Community College. Jamestown Business College provides two-year degrees and certificates in the business field.

Jamestown also houses a high school, Jamestown High School; three middle schools, Persell Middle School, Washington Middle School, and Jefferson Middle School; as well as five elementary schools, C.C. Ring School, Fletcher School, Lincoln School, Love School, and Rogers School.

The Red Raider Marching Band from Jamestown High School is one of the most traveled high school marching bands in the country, having been as far as Hawaii, and appearing on such shows as The Late Show with David Letterman.

Jamestown Public Schools Official Site

[edit] Sports

This is the home city for the Jamestown Jammers baseball team.

[edit] Notable Natives

[edit] Transportation

The Chautauqua County-Jamestown Airport (JHW) is north of the city and provides scheduled and charter air service.

[edit] Museum

The Fenton Museum of History is named after former resident Reuben Fenton, the twenty-fifth governor of New York.

[edit] Sister Cities

Jamestown has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):

[edit] External links

Municipalities and Communities of Chautauqua County, New York
(County Seat: Mayville)
Cities Dunkirk | Jamestown
Towns Arkwright | Busti | Carroll | Charlotte | Chautauqua | Cherry Creek | Clymer | Dunkirk | Ellery

Ellicott | Ellington | French Creek | Gerry | Hanover | Harmony | Kiantone | Mina | North Harmony | Poland | Pomfret | Portland | Ripley | Sheridan | Sherman | Stockton | Villenova | Westfield

Villages Bemus Point | Brocton | Cassadaga | Celoron | Cherry Creek | Falconer | Forestville | Fredonia | Lakewood | Mayville | Panama | Sherman | Silver Creek | Sinclairville | Westfield
CDPs Ripley | Jamestown West
Hamlets Frewsburg | Laona | Hamlet | Irving | Maple Springs
Reservations Cattaraugus Reservation

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Jamestown, New York

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