Jacques Delors

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Jacques Delors
Image:Delors 01.jpg


In office
1985 – 1995
Preceded by Gaston Thorn
Succeeded by Jacques Santer

Born 20 July 1925
Paris, France
Political party Parti Socialiste

Jacques Lucien Jean Delors (born July 20 1925 in Paris) is a French economist and politician, the only person who served two terms as President of the European Commission (between 1985 and 1995).

In the 1940s-1960s, Delors held a series of posts in French banking and state planning. In 1969, he became an adviser to the Gaullist Prime Minister Jacques Chaban-Delmas. In 1974, Delors joined the French Socialist Party. He served in the European Parliament from 1979 to 1981. Under President François Mitterrand, Delors served as Economics and Finance Minister from 1981-83, and Economics, Finance, and Budget Minister from 1983-84, during which time he helped to revive the French economy.

Delors became the President of the European Commission in 1985. During his presidency, he oversaw important budgetary reforms and laid the groundwork for the introduction of a single market within the European Community, which came into effect on January 1, 1993.

Delors has a long-standing interest in education. Initiator of a French law in 1971 requiring firms to set aside part of their profits for educational opportunities for their employees, he also chaired a UNESCO Commission on Education for the Twenty-first Century from 1993 to 1996 whose final report was published as Learning: the Treasure Within.

In 1995, the members of the French Socialist party attempted to persuade Delors to run for President of France. It was thought that he would have a very good chance of defeating either of the main conservative contenders— Prime Minister Édouard Balladur and Mayor of Paris Jacques Chirac. However Delors declined to run and the eventual Socialist nominee, Lionel Jospin, was defeated in the presidential election by Chirac.

Delors is the father of Socialist politician Martine Aubry.


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Memories, Plon, Paris, 2003

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Preceded by:
René Monory
French Minister of Finances
1981 - 1984
Succeeded by:
Pierre Bérégovoy
Preceded by:
Gaston Thorn
President of the European Commission
Succeeded by:
Jacques Santer
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Jacques Delors

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