Ismail Haniyeh

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إسماعيل هنية
Ismail Haniyeh
Image:Ismail Haniya.jpg

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Incumbent
Assumed office 
March 29, 2006
Preceded by Ahmed Qurei

Born  ?, 1963
Al-Shati refugee camp, Gaza
Political party Hamas

Ismail Haniyeh (sometimes written Ismail Haniya), born January 1963, (Arabic: إسماعيل هنية) is the current Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority and a senior political leader of Hamas. He was nomimated as the candidate for Prime Minister on February 16, 2006 following the Hamas "List of Change and Reform" victory in the Palestinian legislative election of January 25, 2006 and was sworn in as Prime Minister on March 29 2006.

Contents

[edit] Biography

Haniyeh was born in the Al-Shati refugee camp in Gaza. His parents became refugees after they fled their homes in what is now the city of Ashkelon in Israel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. In 1987, he graduated from the Islamic University of Gaza with a degree in Arabic literature. In 1989, he was imprisoned for three years by Israeli authorities, and following his release in 1992, he was deported to Lebanon. A year later, he returned to Gaza and was appointed as Dean of the Islamic University.

After the release from prison in 1997 of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, Hamas' spiritual leader, Haniyeh was appointed to head his office. He was targeted by the Israeli Army for his alleged involvement in attacks against Israeli citizens. Following a suicide bombing in Jerusalem in 2003, he was slightly injured on his hand by an Israeli Air Force bomb attack attempting to eliminate the Hamas leadership. His position within Hamas continued to strengthen during the Al-Aqsa Intifada due to his relationship with Yassin, and because of the assassinations of much of the Hamas leadership by the Israeli Security Forces. In December 2005, Haniyeh was elected to head the Hamas list, which in January 2006 won the Palestinian Legislative Council elections.

On February 16, 2006, Hamas nominated Haniyeh for Palestinian Prime Minister, and was formally presented as such to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on February 20. On June 30, 2006, the Israeli Government threatened to assassinate Haniyeh if Hamas militants did not release the captured Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit unharmed. Hamas's Gaza-based political leaders, including Haniyeh, subsequently went into hiding. Early October 2006 he has repeated his refusal to recognize Israel. His political adviser said he still is optimistic that an agreement with Mahmoud Abbas can be reached to stop a call for new elections.<ref>"Abbas Threatens Hamas With New Elections ", Arutz Sheva, October 18, 2006</ref>

On October 20, 2006, on the eve of a deal to end factional fighting between Fatah and Hamas, Haniyeh's convoy came under gun fire in Gaza and one of the cars was set on fire.<ref>"Haniya unhurt in convoy shooting", BBC, October 20, 2006</ref> Haniyeh was not hurt in the attack. Hamas sources said that this was not an assassination attempt. PNA security sources reported that the attackers were the relatives of a Fatah man killed by clashes with Hamas. <ref>"Haniyeh unhurt by attack on convoy in Gaza, Haaretz, October 20, 2006</ref>

[edit] Response to prospective appointment

Israeli-Palestinian peace process
Image:Is-map.PNG
Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip
Negotiating parties

Image:Palestinian flag.svg Palestinian Authority
Image:Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Israel-Palestinian peace process series
Primary negotiation concerns
Israeli leaders
Palestinian leaders
International brokers
Other proposals

Israel decided to implement a series of punitive measures (including de facto economic sanctions) against the Palestinian Authority following the 2006 Hamas election victory. Israel's acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert announced that Israel would not transfer to the Palestinian Authority an estimated $50 million per month in tax receipts collected by Israel on behalf of the Palestinian Authority. Haniyeh dismissed Israeli economic sanctions against the Palestinian Authority, stating that Hamas would neither disarm nor recognise Israel.

Haniyeh expressed regret that Hamas was subjected to punitive measures, adding that "it [Israel] should have responded differently to the democracy expressed by the Palestinian people".

The United States government, who consider his Hamas organisation as a terrorist organisation, demanded that $50 million dollars in unexpended foreign aid funds for the Palestinian Authority be returned to the United States, which Palestinian Economic Minister Mazen Sonokrot agreed to do. <ref>"PNA agrees to return 50-million-dollar fund to US", Xinhua, February 19, 2006</ref> On the loss of foreign aid from the United States and EU, Haniyeh commented that: "The West is always using its donations to apply pressure on the Palestinian people." <ref>"Hamas dismisses Israeli sanctions", BBC, February 20, 2006</ref>

[edit] Quotes

"The answer is to let Israel say it will recognize a Palestinian state along the 1967 borders, release the prisoners, and recognize the rights of the refugees to return to Palestine. Hamas will have a position if this occurs."

"Shikhar, top of a mountain, yet bottom of the earth"

[edit] References

<References/>

Preceded by:
Ahmed Qurei
Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority
February 19, 2006 – present
Incumbent

[edit] External links

br:Ismail Haniyah de:Ismail Haniyeh es:Ismail Haniya fr:Ismaël Haniyeh gl:Ismail Haniya he:אסמאעיל הניה id:Ismail Haniya it:Ismail Haniyeh nl:Ismail Haniya pl:Ismail Haniya pt:Ismail Haniya ru:Хания, Исмаил sv:Ismail Haniya vi:Ismail Haniya zh:伊斯梅尔·哈尼亚

Ismail Haniyeh

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