Intensive Care Unit

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An Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or Critical Care Unit (CCU) is a specialised facility in a hospital that provides intensive care medicine.

Many hospitals also have designated intensive care areas for certain specialities of medicine, as dictated by the needs and available resources of each hospital.The naming is not rigidly standardized. Specialized types of ICUs include and the:

  • Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)
  • Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)
  • Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)
  • Coronary Care Unit (CCU) for heart disease
  • Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU)
  • Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU)
  • Cardiac Surgery Intensive Care Unit (CSICU)
  • Neuroscience Critical Care Unit (NCCU)
  • Overnight Intensive Recovery (OIR)
  • Neuro Intensive Care Unit (NICU)

[edit] Equipment and systems

Common equipment in an ICU includes mechanical ventilation to assist breathing through an endotracheal tube or a tracheotomy opening; dialysis equipment for renal problems; equipment for the constant monitoring of bodily functions; a web of intravenous lines, feeding tubes, nasogastric tubes, suction pumps, drains and catheters; and a wide array of drugs to treat the main condition(s), induce sedation, reduce pain, and prevent secondary infections.

Noise from the Nurses's Station's conversations, telephone calls, alarms, paging, equipment noises disturbs the patients. In the patient rooms, noise from the blood pressure checking equipment, respiratory equipment and the activity of nurses checking on the patients disturb the patient's sleep. White noise via a cable television can mask some of noises and help patient sleep through some of the alarms, etc.

[edit] Quality of care

Medical studies suggest a relation between ICU volume and quality of care for mechanically ventilated patients. <ref>Template:Cite journal</ref> After adjustment for severity of illness, demographic variables, and characteristics of the ICUs (including staffing by intensivists), higher ICU volume was significantly associated with lower ICU and hospital mortality rates. For example, adjusted ICU mortality (for a patient at average predicted risk for ICU death) was 21.2% in hospitals with 87 to 150 mechanically ventilated patients annually, and 14.5% in hospitals with 401 to 617 mechanically ventilated patients annually.

[edit] References

<references />de:Intensivstation ja:集中治療室 he:יחידה לטיפול נמרץ pl:Oddział intensywnej terapii pt:Unidade de terapia intensiva

Intensive Care Unit

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