Learn more about Inner London
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It is also a term that is sometimes used less precisely, and incorrectly, to describe with negative connotations the inner city areas of Central London outside such places as the City of London, Westminster and Kensington. Inner London is in fact the second richest area in the European Union with a GDP per capita of £45,540 (€ 66,761) in 2004, just behind the city of Paris whose GDP per capita was € 67,502 in 2000 ().
|ILEA's Inner London|
|ONS's Inner London|
- Hammersmith and Fulham
- Kensington and Chelsea
- Tower Hamlets
- City of Westminster
The City of London was not part of the County of London and is not a London Borough but can be included. North Woolwich is an anomaly as it was part of the County of London but was transferred to Newham in 1965.
 Other definitions
The term is also used in a variety of other contexts with different meanings. The Office for National Statistics and the Census uses the term, including Haringey and Newham in Inner London, but Greenwich in Outer London. This is also used by Eurostat at NUTS level 2.
The area covered by the London postal districts is sometimes referred to as 'Inner London'. However, its area is somewhat larger and covers 624 km² (241 sq. miles). 44 of its 119 districts are in Outer London and its irregular shape stretches to the Greater London boundary at Scratch Wood and beyond it at Sewardstone.
The London Borough of Newham is seeking recognition as an Inner London borough for central government grants, as this would have financial benefits for the borough. It is not currently considered an Inner London Borough as it did not form part of the County of London.
 Historical population
Please note: Figures here are for the ONS's Inner London (in its 2001 limits), whose land area is 319 km² (123 sq. miles). Figures before 1971 have been reconstructed by the Office for National Statistics based on past censuses in order to fit the 2001 limits. Figures from 1981 onward are midyear estimates (revised as of 2004), which are more accurate than the censuses themselves, known to underestimate the population of London.
1891, April 5/6 4,488,242 1901, March 31/April 1 4,859,558 1911, April 2/3 4,998,237 1921, June 19/20 4,972,870 1931, April 26/27 4,893,261 1939, Midyear estimate 4,364,457 1951, April 8/9 3,679,390 1961, April 23/24 3,492,879 1971, April 25/26 3,031,935 1981, Midyear estimate 2,550,100 1991, Midyear estimate 2,599,300 2001, Midyear estimate 2,859,400 2003, Midyear estimate 2,904,600 2004, Midyear estimate 2,931,100 2005, Midyear estimate 2,985,700cs:Vnitřní Londýn