IPA chart for English

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This chart shows concisely the most common way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is applied to represent the English language.

See International Phonetic Alphabet for English for a more complete version and Pronunciation respelling for English for phonetic transcriptions used in different dictionaries.

IPA: English Consonants
IPA Examples
p pen, spin, tip
b but, web
t two, sting, bet
d do, odd
chair, nature, teach
gin, joy, edge
k cat, kill, skin, queen, thick
ɡ go, get, beg
f fool, enough, leaf
v voice, have
θ thing, teeth
ð this, breathe, father
s see, city, pass
z zoo, rose
ʃ she, sure, emotion, leash
ʒ pleasure, beige
h ham
m man, ham
n no, tin
ŋ singer, ring
l left, bell
ɹ run, very <ref name="r">Although the symbol r technically represents an alveolar trill, which is absent from most dialects of English, it is nevertheless widely used instead of ɹ in phonemic transcriptions.</ref>
w we
j yes
ʍ what<ref>Some accents, such as Scottish and much of the American South; see whine and wine and voiceless labiovelar approximant</ref>
x loch (Scottish)
IPA: English Vowels
IPA Examples
RP GenAm AuE  
ɑː ɑ father
i see
ɪ ɪ ɪ city
ɛ ɛ e bed <ref name="collinse">Often transcribed /e/ for RP, for example in Collins English Dictionary.</ref>
ɜː ɝ ɜː bird
æ æ æ lad, cat, ran <ref name="oxforda">Often transcribed /a/ for RP, for example in dictionaries of the Oxford University Press.</ref><ref name="badlad">See bad-lad split for more discussion of this vowel in Australian English.</ref>
ɑː ɑɹ arm
ʌ ʌ a run, enough
ɒ ɑ ɔ not, wasp
ɔː ɔ law, caught <ref name="cotcaught">See low back merger for more discussion of this vowel in American English.</ref>
ʊ ʊ ʊ put
u ʉː soon, through
ə ə ə about
ə ɚ ə winner
IPA: English Diphthongs
IPA Examples
RP GenAm AuE  
or e æɪ day
ɑe my
ɔɪ ɔɪ boy
əʊ or o əʉ no
æɔ now
ɪə ɪɹ ɪə near, here
ɛə ɛɹ hair, there <ref name="airsymbol">Alternative symbols used in British dictionaries are /ɛː/ (Oxford University Press) and /eə/.</ref>
ʊə ʊɹ ʊə tour
juː ju jʉː pupil
IPA: Other symbols used in transcription of English pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable), for example happy /ˈhæpi/
ˌ Secondary stress, for example battleship /ˈbætl̩ˌʃɪp/
. Syllable separator, for example sawing /ˈsɔ.ɪŋ/
 ̩ Syllabic consonant, for example /ˈɹɪdn̩/ for ridden


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IPA chart for English

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