Herkimer County, New York
Learn more about Herkimer County, New York
|Herkimer County, New York|
| Image:Map of New York highlighting Herkimer County.svg|
Location in the state of New York
3,777 km² (1,458 mi²)
sq mi ( km²)
122 km² (47 mi²), 3.23%
Herkimer County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of 2000, the population was 64,427. It is named after General Nicholas Herkimer, who died from battle wounds in 1777 after taking part in the Battle of Oriskany. Its county seat is the Village of Herkimer.
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Herkimer County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.
In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
In 1789, the size of Montgomery County was reduced by the splitting off of Ontario County from Montgomery. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
In 1791, Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Otsego, and Tioga County). This was much larger than the present county, however, and was reduced by a number of subsequent splits.
In 1798, a portion of Herkimer County, together with a portion of Tioga County, was taken to form Chenango County. Another part of Herkimer was split off to form Oneida County. This county was larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson, Lewis, and part of Oswego Counties.
Herkimer County is in central New York State, northwest of Albany, and east of Syracuse. The northern part of the county is in the Adirondack State Park. The Mohawk River flows across the south part of the county.
 Adjacent Counties
- St. Lawrence County, New York - north
- Hamilton County, New York - east
- Montgomery County, New York - east
- Fulton County, New York - east
- Otsego County, New York - south
- Oneida County, New York - west
- Lewis County, New York - northwest
As of the census² of 2000, there were 64,427 people, 25,734 households, and 17,113 families residing in the county. The population density was 18/km² (46/mi²). There were 32,026 housing units at an average density of 9/km² (23/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.83% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 25,734 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,924, and the median income for a family was $40,570. Males had a median income of $29,908 versus $21,518 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,141. About 8.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.
 Cities, Towns and Villages
- Cold Brook (village)
- Columbia (town)
- Danube (town)
- Dolgeville (village)
- Fairfield (town)
- Frankfort (town)
- Frankfort (village)
- German Flatts (town)
- Herkimer (village)
- Herkimer (town)
- Ilion (village)
- Litchfield (town)
- Little Falls (town)
- Little Falls (city)
- Manheim (town)
- Middleville (village)
- Mohawk (village)
- Newport (town)
- Newport (village)
- Norway (town)
- Ohio (town)
- Poland (village)
- Russia (town)
- Salisbury (town)
- Schuyler (town)
- Stark (town)
- Warren (town)
- Webb (town)
- West Winfield (village)
- Winfield (town)
- Label in parentheses indicates official level of government
 Adjacent counties and areas
To the north of Herkimer County is St. Lawrence County. The western border is Lewis and Oneida Counties. Otsego County is on the southern border. Herkimer County shares its eastern border with Hamilton, Fulton, and Montgomery Counties.