Heathrow Express

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Image:Heathrow express logo.gif
Image:Heathrow Express 332 008.jpg
Franchise(s): Not subject to franchising;
service began 23 June 1998
Main route(s): London PaddingtonHeathrow Airport
Other route(s): None
Fleet size: 14 Class 332 sets
Stations: 3 (2 operated)
Parent company: BAA plc
Web site: www.heathrowexpress.com

Heathrow Express is a train service from Heathrow Airport to Paddington in central London operated by the Heathrow Express Operating Authority - a wholly owned subsidiary of BAA. The service is not part of the National Rail system, despite part of its journey sharing track with National Rail trains and terminating at a London mainline station.

It operates from approximately 0500 until 0000, with trains every 15 minutes. At Paddington, it uses two dedicated platforms (6 and 7). There are two stops at Heathrow: Heathrow Central (journey time from Paddington approximately 15 minutes), and Heathrow Terminal 4 (journey time approximately 22 minutes). Once the new Terminal 5 opens, Heathrow Express services will no longer call at Terminal 4, which will become the new terminus for Heathrow Connect.

The service, which opened on 23 June 1998, uses Class 332 electric multiple unit trains built by Siemens. The trains incorporate numerous modern features including video monitors and the ability to use mobile phones throughout the journey - even when in tunnels. The monitors are mostly used for advertising purposes and for the broadcast of news and weather updates produced for Heathrow Express by BBC World.

During the rail link's construction, one of the most catastrophic civil engineering disasters in British history occurred on 21st October, 1994, when one of the partially constructed tunnels carrying the railway into the Terminal 1,2,3 complex collapsed without warning. An office building and a car park were consumed by the huge crater which opened up between Heathrow's two parallel runways. The principal contractor, Balfour Beatty, was found guilty of negligence in February 1999. The collapse had far reaching consequences, since it also stopped construction of the extended Jubilee Line of the London Underground, where contractors were using similar tunnelling methods.

Since its opening, Heathrow Express has been generally well received, not least because steps were taken to reduce the environmental impact of the train line. Measures included disguising ventilation shafts as barns. The service has received some criticism, however, mainly due to its cost.

As of 2006, it costs around £14 for a single journey in standard class and around £23 for first class - making it statistically Britain's most expensive railway journey, at over £1 per mile. Comparable airport trains in the UK and the rest of Europe charge a small fraction of the Heathrow Express fare; the train from Birmingham to Birmingham International Airport costs £2.60, while the London Underground's Piccadilly Line service from Central London to Heathrow Airport costs £4 (cash price) or £3.50 (Oyster), and the Gatwick Express service to Gatwick Airport is the same fare for a longer mileage journey. The Stansted Express service to Stansted Airport is also the same fare, yet is 23 miles farther from London than Heathrow.

The alternative Heathrow Connect can get from London to Heathrow for less but the service is 10 minutes longer. For some passengers this is a better option, particularly as it offers a connection to the Central Line at Ealing Broadway on returning to London.


[edit] Heathrow Express Route

  London Paddington
  Heathrow Terminals 1, 2 and 3
  Heathrow Terminal 4

The serivce runs along the Great Western Main Line from Paddington to airport junction (Network Rail owned infastructure). The line from airport junction to the airport terminals is owned by BAA. The line is electrified at 25 kV AC overhead and uses Automatic Train Protection.

[edit] Rolling Stock

[edit] Current fleet

Class Image Type Top speed Number Routes operated Built
 mph   km/h 
Class 332 Image:Heathrow Express 332 008.jpg electric multiple unit 100 160 14 London Paddington - Heathrow Airport 1998

[edit] External links

[edit] See also

Domestic: Arriva Trains Wales - c2c - Central Trains - Chiltern Railways - First Capital Connect
First Great Western - First ScotRail - Grand Central1 - GNER - Heathrow Connect
Hull Trains - Island Line2 - Merseyrail - Midland Mainline - Northern Rail
Northern Ireland Railways3 - 'one' - Silverlink - Southeastern - Southern
South West Trains2 - TransPennine Express - Virgin Trains
International: Enterprise3 - Eurostar
Airport Link: Gatwick Express - Heathrow Express - Stansted Express4
Sleeper: Caledonian Sleeper5 - Night Riviera6
1 Starts 20 May 2007 - 2 To be replaced by the South Western franchise in February 2007
3 Operated on the Irish railway network - 4 Operated by 'one' - 5 Operated by First ScotRail
6 Operated by First Great Western

Future passenger train operators in Great Britain
New Franchises: Cross Country1 - East Midlands1 - London Overground1 - South Western2
West Midlands1
Proposed open-access
Grand Union3 - Wrexham & Shropshire4
1 Starts November 2007 - 2 Starts February 2007 - 3 Proposed - 4 Awaiting Approval
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Heathrow Express

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