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Greenwich

Greenwich

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This page is about Greenwich in England. For other uses see Greenwich (disambiguation)
Greenwich
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Location
OS grid reference:TQ395775
Latitude: 51.479184°
Longitude: 0.009807°
Administration
London borough: Greenwich
County level: Greater London
Region: London
Constituent country:England
Sovereign state:United Kingdom
Other
Ceremonial county: Greater London
Historic county: Kent
Services
Police force: Metropolitan Police
Fire brigade: London Fire Brigade
Ambulance service: London Ambulance
Post office and telephone
Post town: LONDON
Postal district: SE10
Dialling code:020
Politics
UK Parliament: Greenwich and Woolwich
London Assembly: Greenwich and Lewisham
European Parliament: London
London | List of places in London

Greenwich (pronounced 'grenn-itch' [ˈgrɛnɪtʃ] or by some 'grinn-itch' [ˈgrɪnɪtʃ]) is a town, now part of the south eastern urban sprawl of London, on the south bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Greenwich.

Contents

[edit] Geography

Greenwich is located at a latitude and longitude of 51° 28' 38" N and 0º 0' 0" E/W (by definition).

[edit] Sites of interest

The Royal Greenwich Observatory is located in Greenwich and the Prime Meridian passes through the building. Greenwich Mean Time was at one time based on the time observations made at the Royal Greenwich Observatory, before being superseded by Coordinated Universal Time. While Greenwich no longer hosts a working astronomical observatory, a ball still drops daily to mark the exact moment of 1 pm (13:00), and there is a good museum of astronomical and navigational tools, particularly John Harrison's chronometers.

The observatory is situated in Greenwich Park, which used to be the grounds of the Royal Palace of Placentia. At the bottom of the park is the National Maritime Museum which also includes the Queen's House, designed by Inigo Jones. It is free to visit all these buildings.

Greenwich also features the world's only museum dedicated to fans, the Fan Museum, in a Georgian townhouse at 10–12 Croom's Hill (fee payable). Also on Croom's Hill, on the corner of the junction with Nevada Street is Greenwich Theatre, formerly Crowder's Music Hall - one of two Greenwich theatres, the other being Greenwich Playhouse.

The Cutty Sark (a clipper ship) is in a dry dock by the river. Nearby for many years was also displayed Gipsy Moth IV, the 54ft yacht sailed by Sir Francis Chichester in his single-handed, 226-day circumnavigation of the globe during 196667. In 2004, Gypsy Moth IV was removed from Greenwich for extensive restoration work to be followed by a return to the sea and a second sailing career.

By the Cutty Sark, there is a pedestrian tunnel, the Greenwich foot tunnel, to the Isle of Dogs. This exits at Island Gardens, from where the famous view of Greenwich Hospital painted by Canaletto can be seen. On the riverside in front of the north-east corner of the Hospital is an obelisk erected in memory of Arctic explorer Joseph René Bellot.

The Millennium Dome was built on a disused British Gas site here. It is next to North Greenwich tube station, about three miles from Greenwich town centre, north of Charlton. The Greenwich Millennium Village is a new development nearby.

The University of Greenwich and the Trinity College of Music are now based in the Greenwich Hospital (formerly the Royal Naval College) buildings between Greenwich Park and the river. These buildings were designed by Sir Christopher Wren and include the Painted Hall, painted by James Thornhill, and St Paul's Chapel. These are also open to the public without charge.

The church dominating the western side of the town centre is St Alfege's Church, designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor in 1714, and marks the place where Archbishop of Canterbury Alfege (also spelt 'Alphege') was murdered in 1012.

The town centre features Greenwich Market, a covered market popular with tourists at the weekends.

Image:Spanish Galleon Tavern.jpg
The Spanish Galleon Tavern in Central Greenwich, near the Market

In 1997, maritime Greenwich was added to the list of World Heritage Sites.

In recognition of the suburb's astronomical links, Asteroid 2830 has been named 'Greenwich'.

[edit] Famous residents

(In alphabetical order)

[edit] Transport

[edit] Underground

Nearby tube stations:

North Greenwich is in Zones 2/3 and is on the Jubilee Line. Trains go to Stratford to the east and Stanmore to the west via central London.

[edit] Docklands Light Railway

Nearby Docklands Light Railway (DLR) stations:

DLR trains go to Lewisham to the south with north-bound services going to Bank and Stratford.

[edit] Rail

Nearby railway stations:

Trains from Deptford, Greenwich, Maze Hill and Westcombe Park railway stations run to London Charing Cross and London Cannon Street to the west. To the east the trains go to Dartford with a limited service to Gravesend and Gillingham.

[edit] Buses

The 108 bus contracted by TfL runs between Lewisham Station and Stratford Station; The 108 has a frequency of 10 minutes Monday to Saturday daytime and at evening and Sundays the 108 has a frequency of 15-20 minutes. Also this bus runs in the early hours it runs every 30 minutes.

The 177 bus contracted by TfL runs between Thamesmead Town Centre and Peckham Bus Garage; The 177 has a frequency of 10 minutes Monday to Saturday daytime and at evening and Sundays the 177 has a frequency of 15-20 minutes.

The 180 bus contracted by TfL runs between Belvedere Industrial Estate and Lewisham Town Centre; The 180 has a frequency of 10 minutes Monday to Saturday daytime and at evening and Sundays the 180 has a frequency of 15-20 minutes.

The 188 bus contracted by TfL runs between Holborn and North Greenwich Station; The 188 has a frequency of 8-10 minutes Monday to Saturday daytime and at evening and Sundays the 188 has a frequency of 12-15 minutes.

The 199 bus contracted by TfL runs between Catford Bus Garage and Canada Water Station; The 199 has a frequency of 12-15 minutes Monday to Saturday daytime and at evening and Sundays the 199 has a frequency of 15-20 minutes.

The 286 bus contracted by TfL runs between Greenwich Town Centre and Sidcup Queen Marys Hospital; The 286 has a frequency of 12-15 minutes Monday to Saturday daytime and at evening and Sundays the 286 has a frequency of 20-30 minutes.

The 386 bus contracted by TfL runs between Greenwich Town Centre and Woolwich Shopping Centre; The 386 has a frequency of 15 minutes Monday to Saturday daytime and at evening and Sundays the 386 has a frequency of 30 minutes.

The 422 bus contracted by TfL runs between Bexleyheath Shopping Centre and North Greenwich Station; The 422 has a frequency of 8-12 minutes Monday to Saturday daytime and at evening and Sundays the 422 has a frequency of 15 minutes.

The N1 bus contracted by TfL runs between Thamesmead Town Centre and Tottenham Court Road; The N1 has a frequency of 30 minutes during Sunday to Thursday early mornings and on Saturday and Sunday mornings this runs every 20 minutes. This bus runs at midnight to 5am.

[edit] River

Boats run from Central London to the west and Woolwich Thames Barrier to the east.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

[edit] External links


Main districts of the London boroughs | List of places in London

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World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom (list)
Image:Stonehenge back wide.jpg

England: Blenheim Palace · Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's AbbeySt. Martin's Church · Bath · Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape · Derwent Valley Mills · Durham Castle & Cathedral · Hadrian's Wall · Ironbridge Gorge · Jurassic Coast · Kew Gardens · Liverpool · Maritime Greenwich · Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey St. Margaret's · Saltaire · Stonehenge & Avebury · Studley Royal Park · Tower of London

Scotland: Edinburgh Old TownNew Town · Heart of Neolithic Orkney (Maeshowe, Ring of Brodgar, Skara Brae, Standing Stones of Stenness) · New Lanark · St Kilda

Wales: Castles and Town Walls of King Edward I in Gwynedd (Beaumaris Castle, Caernarfon Castle, Conwy Castle, Harlech Castle) · Blaenavon

Northern Ireland: Giant's Causeway

Overseas territories: Henderson Island · Gough Island and Inaccessible Island · St. George's

ar:غرينيتش

de:London Borough of Greenwich fr:Greenwich (Angleterre) it:Greenwich he:גריניץ' la:Grenovicum nl:Greenwich (Londen) ja:グリニッジ no:Greenwich pl:Greenwich ro:Greenwich (burg) ru:Гринвич (Лондон) simple:London Borough of Greenwich sl:Greenwich fi:Greenwich sv:Greenwich tr:Greenwich

Greenwich

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