Learn more about Green

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— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #00FF00
RGBB (r, g, b) (0, 255, 0)
CMYKH (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 100, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (120°, 100%, 100%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Green is a color with many different shades, all within a wavelength of roughly 520–570 nm. Green is considered one of the additive primary colors. It is the complement of magenta.

People who are red-green color blind can often distinguish between the two colors but confuse them with other colors, for example, bright green with yellow; dark green with brown.

The term "green" does not define an exact color unless it is conjunction with some standard like X11 colors or an absolute color space like sRGB.




[edit] Shades of green

[edit] Electric green (web color lime)

Green (X11 color) ("lime" in HTML/CSS)
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #00FF00
RGBB (r, g, b) (0, 255, 0)
CMYKH (c, m, y, k) (Not, possible, in, CMYK)
HSV (h, s, v) (120°, 100%, 100%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color displayed at right, electric green is the brightest possible green that can be reproduced on a computer screen.[citation needed] This color is a close approximation of spectrum green, one of the three primary colors of light, along with red and blue.

Green takes up a large portion of the CIE chromaticity diagram because it is in the central area of human color perception.

Apparently it was called web color "Lime" because it is the color of Lime Jell-O.

When approximated (with less brightness) in pigments, this color is called bright green.

[edit] Kelly green (grass green, pigment green)

Kelly Green
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #00A550
RGBB (r, g, b) (00, 165, 80)
CMYKH (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 100, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (120°, 100%, 75%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Kelly green, also known as grass green or pigment green, is the color green that is achieved by mixing pigment cyan and pigment yellow in equal proportions. This is the color green that is shown in the diagram located at the bottom of the following website offering tintbooks for CMYK printing: [1].

This color is also called grass green. Colored pencils of the 1950s colored this color were sometimes called grass green. Psychedelic art made people used to brighter colors of green, and pigment colors or colored pencils called "bright green" or "true green" are produced which approximate (with much less brightness that is possible on a computer screen) the electric green shown above.

[edit] Shamrock green (Irish green)

Shamrock Green
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #009E60
RGBB (r, g, b) (00, 158, 96)
CMYKH (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 96, 17)
HSV (h, s, v) (120°, 97%, 60%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Shamrock green is the color of green used in the flag of Ireland, and therefore it is also called Irish green. It represents the color of Shamrocks in what is poetically called the "Emerald Isle".

It is customary in both Ireland and the United States to wear either this shade of green, or any shade of green that one prefers, on St. Patrick's Day, March 17, even if one is not of Irish descent.

Some artistically inclined people disconnect the celebration from the Irish altogether and simply view the holiday as a celebration of the color green. These people, besides wearing green on that day, may also stage dinner parties featuring all green foods. An example of such a menu would be chicken with rice and lima beans with sliced green maraschino cherries in coconut sauce colored with green food coloring, a green salad including greens, avocados and sliced green apples, split pea soup, green tinted bread spiced with sage, Lime Jell-O, iced limeade and/or a green shaded Red wine, and lime pudding, keylime pie, or lime sherbert for dessert.

[edit] Islamic green

Islamic Green
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #009900
RGBB (r, g, b) (00, 153, 0)
CMYKH (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 100, 25)
HSV (h, s, v) (120°, 90%, 60%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Islamic green is the shade of green used in the Flag of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

Green symbolizes Islam because the tribe of the Prophet Muhammed had a green banner and because green represented paradise (the Persian word for garden) to desert dwelling bedouin tribes when they gathered at an oasis.

[edit] Office green (web color "green")

Green (HTML/CSS color)
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #008000
RGBB (r, g, b) (0, 128, 0)
CMYKH (c, m, y, k) (100, 0, 100, 50)
HSV (h, s, v) (120°, 80%, 50%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The conservative shade of green shown at right, office green, was the original color designated as "green" for computer displays in the 1980s.

It was apparently chosen because it is the color of the green colored pencils used by accountants and the color of green office file cabinets.

[edit] Green in Nature

Green is seen commonly in nature, especially in plants. Many plants are green mainly because of a complex chemical known as chlorophyll which is involved in photosynthesis.

Some animals are green such as frogs, toads, some lizards and amphibians, some snakes, some birds such as parrots, caterpillars and some insects such as praying mantises.

[edit] Green in culture

[edit] Colloquial expressions

  • Envy, one of the Seven Deadly Sins, is also called the green-eyed monster (after a phrase in Shakespeare's Othello). A person suffering therefrom is said to be "green with envy". Substances that may impart a greenish hue to one's skin include biliverdin, the green pigment in bile, and ceruloplasmin, a protein that carries copper ions in chelation.
  • Traditionally, someone who works well with plants is said to have green fingers, or a "green thumb".
  • An inexperienced person is sometimes known as green, probably by analogy to unripe (i.e. unready, immature) fruit. The word greenhorn also refers to an inexperienced person.
  • Aliens (of the extraterrestrial variety) are sometimes referred to as "little green men".
  • People who are feeling ill are sometimes referred to as "green around the gills".
  • "Green" is a slang term for cannabis, due to the color of the plant material.
  • "Being Green" can either mean someone who is new or someone who is overwhelmed and prone to desertion.
  • A "bowl of green" is a green chile stew popular in New Mexico.

[edit] "Green" as a political ideology

The environmental lobby or ecology movement uses green because of its common occurrence in nature. Greenpeace, an ecological group, uses green because of its association with life and verdancy. Europeans who carry this into the political realm are called Greens:

There are political parties known as "Green Parties" in over one hundred countries throughout the world (beginning primarily in Europe, though similar parties have taken root around the world). The more generic term "green party" is used for parties that emphasize environmentalism, but it is increasingly out of favour as the Global Greens have succeeded in uniting almost all such parties under a Global Green Charter. In the UK the ecology party became the Green Party. In the United States, especially in the state of Minnesota, green has been used by many Democratic candidates (blue, white, gold and green colors show up frequently in official state imagery in Minnesota), though it does not necessarily symbolize adherence to Green principles. Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party Politicians to use green symbolically include U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar, U.S. Representative Keith Ellison and late U.S. Senator Paul Wellstone. Wellstone was frequently and famously sympathetic to green causes.

A "Green Party" (or Faction) also existed in the Byzantine Empire for a while, but of course it had nothing to do with modern Greens. Rather, it developed out of a kind of chariot racing fanclub whose drivers used the color green to distinguish themselves from the opposing "Blue Party".[citation needed]

Bartholomew I of Constantinople is often referred to as "the Green Patriarch" because of the support he has caused the Ecumenical Patriarchate to place for maintenance and protection of the environment.

The flag of Libya is plain green (the traditional color of Islam), the only current national flag of a single color. The flag of Hamas is also green, symbolising their Islamist ideological path.

[edit] Green as a symbol

Green is the color symbolizing earth, nature, and in a broader sense, life. It is also the color of the back of U.S. currency (giving rise to the slang term "greenback"), and thus carries a connotation of money, wealth, and capitalism. This is especially true in the U.S., but the symbol of the dollar worldwide makes it a wider symbol.

Green is considered the traditional color of Islam, likewise because of its association with nature. Muhammad is reliably quoted in a hadith as saying that "water, greenery, and a beautiful face" were three universally good things. Also, in the Qur'an, sura Al-Insan, followers of Allah in Jannah wear fine green silk [3].

In North American stock markets, green is used to denote a rise in stock prices. In East Asian stock markets, however, green is used to denote a drop in stock prices.

In stories involving King Arthur and his Knights, the color green signifies mystical or magical properties. An excellent example is in the tale Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. The Green Knight accepted a blow to the neck with an axe - only to have his body pick up his head and ride away. Later, Sir Gawain received a green sash, a gift that protected the wearer from death.

[edit] Green in Pop Culture

  • Money is referred to as "green" in many movies.
  • Soylent Green is a 1973 horror-scifi film, named for the green-colored food that is its central plot element.
  • Green Bay Packers fans are known to paint themselves green.
  • Green Day is a band that was part of the early 90's punk resurgence.

[edit] Green pigments

[edit] Food colorings

[edit] See also

Look up green in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

[edit] External links

The Electromagnetic Spectrum
(Sorted by wavelength, short to long)
Gamma ray | X-ray | Ultraviolet | Visible spectrum | Infrared | Terahertz radiation | Microwave | Radio waves
Visible (optical) spectrum: Violet | Blue | Green | Yellow | Orange | Red
Microwave spectrum: W band | V band | K band: Ka band, Ku band | X band | C band | S band | L band
Radio spectrum: EHF | SHF | UHF | VHF | HF | MF | LF | VLF | ULF | SLF | ELF
Wavelength designations: Microwave | Shortwave | Mediumwave | Longwave

Web colors black silver gray white red maroon purple fuchsia green lime olive yellow orange blue navy teal aqua
  Shades of green  
Asparagus Bright green Camouflage green Celadon Chartreuse Emerald Fern green Gray-Tea Green Gray-asparagus Green Green-yellow Jade
Lime Moss green Myrtle Olive Olive Drab Pear Pine Green Sea green Spring green Swamp green Tea Green Forest green
Chartreuse yellow Harlequin Office green Lime pulp Hunter green Kelly green Shamrock green Islamic green Lime Green
af:Groen (kleur)

an:Berde ay:Ch'uxña zh-min-nan:Chheⁿ-sek bg:Зелен цвят ca:Verd cs:Zelená da:Grøn de:Grün arc:ܟܣܟܐ el:Πράσινο es:Verde eo:Verdo eu:Berde fa:سبز fr:Vert gl:Verde ko:녹색 id:Hijau it:Verde he:ירוק ku:Kesk la:Viridis lb:Gréng lt:Žalia hu:Zöld mk:Зелена боја mt:Aħdar nah:Xoxoctic nl:Groen (kleur) ja:緑 no:Grønn nn:Grøn nrm:Vèrt ug:يېشىل رەڭ nds:Gröön pl:Barwa zielona pt:Verde ro:Verde qu:Q'umir ru:Зелёный цвет scn:Virdi simple:Green sk:Zelená sl:Zelena (barva) sr:Зелена боја su:Héjo fi:Vihreä sv:Grön vi:Xanh lá cây tg:Сабз tr:Yeşil uk:Зелений колір zh:綠色


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