Google Book Search

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Google Book Search
<tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align: center;">
Google Book Search screenshot</td></tr><tr><th>Developer:</th><td>Google</td></tr><tr><th>OS:</th><td>Any (web based application)</td></tr>
Use: Online Library Book Search

Google Book Search is a tool from Google that searches the full text of books that Google scans and stores in its digital database. The service was formerly known as Google Print when it was introduced at the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2004. When relevant to a user's keyword search, up to three results from the Google Book Search index are displayed above search results in the Google Web Search service ( Or, a user may search just for books at the dedicated Google Book Search service. Clicking a result from Google Book Search opens an interface in which the user may view pages from the book as well as content-related advertisements and links to the publisher's website and booksellers. Through a variety of access limitations and security measures, some based on user-tracking, Google limits the number of viewable pages and attempts to prevent page printing and text copying of material under copyright protection. <ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

The Google Book Search service remains in a beta stage but the underlying database continues to grow, with more than a hundred thousand titles added by publishers and authors and some 10,000 works in the public domain now indexed and included in search results. A similar service, known as Search Inside the Book, is offered by's

Many of the books are scanned using a robotic book scanner. Books are placed into the machine by a human operator and "scanned" (in practice, a digital camera is used at a distance) at a rate of 1,000 pages per hour. <ref name="nyt">Kelly, Kevin. Scan This Book!, New York Times Magazine, May 14, 2006.</ref>

In December 2004, Google signaled an extension to its Google Print initiative known as the Google Print Library Project. <ref> Template:Cite web </ref> Google announced partnerships with several high-profile university and public libraries, including the University of Michigan, Harvard (Widener Library), Stanford (Green Library), Oxford (Bodleian Library), and the New York Public Library. According to press releases and university librarians, Google plans to digitize and make available through its Google Book Search service approximately 15 million volumes within a decade. The announcement soon triggered controversy, as publisher and author associations challenged Google's plans to digitize, not just books in the public domain, but also titles still under copyright. Google's Library Project later spurred a group led by Yahoo!, called the Open Content Alliance.

On November 17, 2005, Google changed the name of this service from Google Print to Google Book Search. <ref> Template:Cite web </ref> Its program enabling publishers and authors to include their books in the service was renamed Google Books Partner Program and the partnership with libraries became Google Books Library Project.

On August 10, 2006 the University of California System announced that it will also join the Book Search digitization project. This includes a portion of the 34 million volumes within the approximately 100 libraries managed by the System.

As of August 2006, Google Print allowed public domain or out-of-copyright material to be downloaded in pdf format.


[edit] Opposition

Google Book Search remains controversial. While many hail the initiative for its potential to offer unprecedented access to what may become the largest online corpus of human knowledge, the publishing industry and writers' groups have criticised the project as a copyright infringement. The Authors Guild of America and Association of American Publishers have individually sued Google, citing 'massive copyright infringement'. Google claims it represents fair use, and is the digital age equivalent of a card catalogue with every word in the publication indexed.

Jean-Noël Jeanneney, the president of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, has vocalized opposition to the service.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

In June 2006, a French publisher announced its intention to sue Google France.<ref>Oates, John. "French publisher sues Google", The Register, June 7, 2006. </ref> In 2006 a previously-filed German lawsuit was withdrawn.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

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