Learn more about Georgians
|Total population||6 million (est.)|
|Regions with significant populations|| Georgia:|
|Religion|| Georgian Orthodox, Islam. <tr>
<th style="background-color:#fee8ab;">Related ethnic groups</th> <td style="background-color:#fff6d9;">Laz
The Georgians (Georgian: ქართველი ერი , Kartveli Eri) or ქართველები (Kartvelebi) in the Georgian language) are a nation or an ethnic group, originating in the Caucasus. The Georgian ethnic group (as a single entity) is one of the oldest ethnic groups in the world. Georgians are a part of the Ibero-Caucasian peoples (იბერიელ-კავკასიელი ხალხები) and are classified in the South Caucasian family both linguistically and culturally. The Georgian language has a rich literary tradition and the Georgian Alphabet is one of the fourteen unique alphabets which exist in the world today. The turbulent history of Georgia was marked by the national struggle for its existence and self-preservation. However, this ancient nation has managed to survive after numerous invasions by foreign powers for 4,000 years.
Most historians and scholars of Georgia as well as anthropologists, archeologists and linguists tend to agree that the ancestors of modern Georgians inhabited the southern Caucasus and northern Asia Minor since the Neolithic period. Scholars usually refer to them as Proto-Kartvelian tribes. Some European historians of the 19th century (eg, Humboldt, Krettschmer) as well as Georgian scholars (R. Gordeziani, S. Kaukhchishvili and Z. Gamsakhurdia) came to the conclusion that Proto-Kartvelians were closely related linguistically and culturally to the indigenous (pre-Indo-European) peoples of ancient Europe including the Etruscans, Pelasgians and Proto-Basques.
Proto Georgian tribes:
- Tubalcain, associated with a proto-Georgian tribe, mentioned in Bible as an "instructor of every artificer in brass and iron." (Genesis 4:22)
- Mushki (present day Meskhetians), tribe of king Mita, now thought to be none other than the famous King Midas of the golden touch.
- Tubal, proto-Georgian tribe also mentioned in Bible (known as the Meshech in Ezekiel 38:1-43). The Greeks called this tribe the Tiberani, which may have given rise to the name Iberian, by which the classical world knew the eastern Georgians.
- Daiaeni in Assirian sources and Taokhoi in Greek, lived in the northeastern part of Anatolia, a region that ones was part of Georgia. The Georgians of today still refer to this region, which now belongs to present-day Turkey, as Tao-Klarjeti. Some people there still speak Georgian.
 Georgian character
Georgians are irreverent, good humored and generally high spirited. A good demonstration of the Georgian character can be seen as a guest in a Georgian home, where you'll be treated like a monarch and fed and watered until you can take no more. Few things can offend a Georgian, but refusing to drink is one of them. Georgians are proud of their culture, language, history and traditions, but nationalism is rarely felt. It has been noted that Georgians tend to poses special talents and abilities in the field of arts, which includes but not limited to music, cinema, theatre, painting, literature, poetry, etc. The example of this claim can be seen throughout Georgian history which is dominated by the overwhelming number of world-renown poets, musicians, painters, and novelists. Georgians like to identify with their own regions but they all share a common sense of strong national unity.
The Georgians are among the most hospitable people on Earth, with strong traditions of chivalry and codes of personal honour. They believe that guests come from God. Friendship is prized highest among all the virtues. It is celebrated in the great national epic, The Knight in the Panther's Skin, by Shota Rustaveli and which provides an insight into daily life, in which a person's worth is judged not by how much money he has in bank but how many friends he has. The Georgians are proud, passionate, and fiercely individualistic, yet deeply connected with each other through a shared sense of belonging to a greater Georgian family. Women are highly esteemed in society and are accorded a respect endowed with great courtliness. The statue of Mother of Georgia (kartlis deda) that stands in the hills above Tbilisi perhaps best symbolized the national character: in her left hand she holds a bowl of wine with which she greets her friends and in her right is a sword drawn against her enemies. <ref>Roger Rosen, Georgia, 2004, p 15.</ref>
 Population and geographical spread
The total population of Georgians in the world is estimated to be around 6,000,000.
- Around 4 million Georgians live in Georgia (where they comprise 83% of the population),
- In Turkey, Georgians form the majority in parts of Artvin Province east of the Çoruh River in Shavsheti (შავშეთი) region (Upper Machakheli in the north of Borçka district, Imerkhevi in the north of Şavşat district, and Murgul district) and in individual villages along the Çoruh valley of Livana (ლივანა) vicinity in the territory of the ancient Georgian regions of Tao-Klarjeti (Klarjeti (კლარჯეთში) is presently a village renamed officially as Bereket in Ardanuç district), southwards to the district of Yusufeli (Kiskim) in Amier-Tao (ამიერტაო) subregion. They also live as Chveneburi (ჩვენებური) muhajirs in various provinces. The total population of Georgians in Turkey is estimated to be more than 1,500,000.
- Around 200,000 in Russia.
- 50,000-100,000 (numbers are not totally known) in Iran mainly in (Fereydoon Shahr, Najaf Abad, Rahmat Abad, Orji Mahalle, Sadeh)
- More than 50,000 in Azerbaijan especially in the Kakhi, Belokani and Zakatala districts, which are parts of the historical Georgian region Saingilo. These rayons were once part of the Democratic Republic of Georgia and part of Georgia under the Transcaucasian SFSR until 1931 when they were transferred to Azerbaijan. Georgia holds no claims against Azerbaijan over these territories as of present.
 Ethnographic subdivisions
Ethnographic groups of the Georgian people are: Megrels (მეგრელები), Svans (სვანები), Lazs (ლაზები), Imeretians (იმერლები), Guruls (გურულები), Ajarians (აჭარლები), Meskhs (მესხები), Lechkhums (ლეჩხუმელები), Rachvels (რაჭველები), Kartlis (ქართლელები), Kakhetians (კახელები), Khevsurs (ხევსურები), Tushs (თუშები), Pshavs (ფშაველები), Mokhevians (მოხევეები), Ingilos (ინგილოები), Fereydanians (ფერეიდნელები)
 Notable Georgians (selection)
- See List of Georgians for a more complete listing, including notable people with Georgian heritage.
 Kings and chieftains
- Parnavaz I of Iberia (3rd century BC), king
- Vakhtang Gorgasali the king of Georgia in the 5th century, founder of capital city-Tbilisi
- Tamar of Georgia (1160-1213), Queen in 1184-1213
- David the Builder (1073-1125), king in 1089-1125
 Literature & the arts
- Shota Rustaveli
- Lado Asatiani
- Alexander Chavchavadze
- Ilia Chavchavadze
- Niko Nikoladze
- Galaktion Tabidze
- Titsian Tabidze
- Akaki Tsereteli
- Alexander Chavchavadze
- Kote Abkhazi (1867-1923)
- Geno Adamia (1936-1993)
- Dimitri Amilakhvari (1906-1942), hero of French Resistance during the WW2.
- Pyotr Bagration (1765-1812), general (Russia)
- Kakutsa Cholokashvili (1888-1930)
- Leo Kereselidze (1878-1942)
- Giorgi Kvinitadze (1874-1970)
- Shalva Maglakelidze (1893-1970)
- Giorgi Mazniashvili (1872-1937)
- John Shalikashvili (Poland, 1936- ), general, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (USA)
- David (Dodo) Abashidze
- Veriko Anjaparidze
- Spartak Bagashvili
- Ushangi Chkheidze
- Kakhi Kavsadze
- Erosi Manjgaladze
- Sesilia Takaishvili
- Nato Vachnadze
- Sergo Zakariadze
 Philosophy & religion
- Peter the Iberian (411-491), bishop & philosopher
- Antim Iverianul (Antimoz Iverieli) (1650-1716), Metropolitan of Romania
- St Grigol Peradze
- Ilia II (1932- ), Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia since 1977
- Mikhail Saakashvili (1967-), President of Georgia from 2004
- Eduard Shevardnadze (1928- ), the former President until-2004
- Zviad Gamsakhurdia (1939-1993), the First President
- Merab Kostava (1939-1989), National Hero
- Ioseb Dzhugashvili, or Josef Stalin, (1878-1953), infamous leader of the USSR from 1922 to 1953
- Ilia Chavchavadze, the Revolutions of 1848
- Shota Arveladze (1973- ), footballer, AZ Alkmaar and Georgia national team
- Maia Chiburdanidze (1961- ), Women's World Champion in chess (1978-1991)
- Nona Gaprindashvili (1941- ), Women's World Champion in chess (1962-1978)
- Kakha Kaladze (1978- ), footballer, AC Milan
- Zaza Pachulia (1984 - ), professional basketball player, Atlanta Hawks, NBA
 Gallery of Georgian people
John Shalikashvili, retired general who served as US Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1993 to 1997
Georgian prima ballerina Nino Ananiashvili
World renown Sukhishvili Dance Company
Grandma in Borjomi
Georgian Priest from Mtskheta
 External links
- "The Bagrationi Royal Dynasty of Georgia" by Dr. Levan Z. Urushadze.- Issued by the International Academy for the Promotion of Historical Studies (IAPHS), 2005
- "Kartuli Idea - The Georgian Idea"
 See also
- Chveneburi - Georgians in Turkey
- Culture of Georgia
- Demographics of Georgia
- Demographics of Turkey
- Demographics of Russia
- Georgian language
- Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church
- History of Georgia
- List of Georgians
- Peoples of the Caucasus in Turkey
- Republic of Georgiade:Georgier