Fort Worth, Texas

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Fort Worth, Texas
Image:Fort Worth seal.jpg
Flag Seal
Nickname: "Cowtown"
Motto: "Where the West Begins"
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°45′54.82″N, 97°18′29.08″W
Country United States
State Texas
Counties Tarrant and Denton
Mayor Michael J. Moncrief
 - City 774.1 km²  (298.9 sq mi)
 - Land 757.7 km²  (292.5 sq mi)
 - Water 16.4 km² (6.3 sq mi)
Elevation 216 m
 - City (2004) 534,694 (city proper)<ref name="2000Census">United States Census Bureau - Worth city, Texas - Fact Sheet. Retrieved 20 November 2006.</ref>
 - Density 705.7/km² (1,827.8/sq mi)
 - Metro 5,700,256
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)

Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas and the 19th-largest in the United States. Located in the south of the country, Fort Worth is also large in geographic area as it covers almost 300 square miles and is the county seat of Tarrant County—the 18th most populous county in the country. A small portion of the city extends into Denton County as well.

As of the 2000 U.S. Census, Fort Worth population was 534,694 (a 2005 Census estimate placed the population at 604,538).<ref name="2000Census"/><ref name="2005CensusEstimate">United States Census Bureau - Fort Worth city, Texas - Fact Sheet (2005 estimates). Retrieved 20 November 2006.</ref> The city is the second-largest cultural and economic center of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area (colloquially referred to as DFW Metroplex), which is the largest metropolitan area in Texas as well as the entire South, and the fifth-largest in the United States with a population of 5.7 million in 12 counties.

Fort Worth was founded as a military camp in 1849, named after General William Jenkins Worth. Today, the city is portrayed as more old-fashioned and laid-back than its neighbor, Dallas. Known as "Cowtown" for its roots as a cattle drive terminus, Fort Worth bills itself as "Where the West begins" and still celebrates its colorful Western and Southern heritage today.


[edit] History

In 1849, during the closure of the Mexican-American War, Major Ripley Arnold established a fort, named in honor of General William Jenkins Worth near a high bluff where the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River merge together. The fort was flooded the first year and was moved to the top of the bluff where the courthouse sits now. The fort was established to protect 19th century settlers from Indian attacks. It grew into a bustling town when it became a stop along the legendary Chisholm Trail, the dusty path where millions of cattle were driven North to market. Fort Worth became the center of the cattle drives, and later, the ranching industry. The heyday of the cattle drives was the wild era of "Hell's Half Acre,"<ref>Hell's Half Acre, Fort Worth. By Richard F. Selcer. Retrieved 20 November 2006.</ref> an area of town filled with gambling parlors, saloons and dance halls. During the Civil War, the town suffered and the population dwindled. However, Fort Worth recovered quickly during Reconstruction and once again was a bustling population center. In 1876, the Texas & Pacific Railway connected to Fort Worth and transformed the Fort Worth Stockyards into a premier livestock center.<ref>Fort Worth Stockyards - History. Retrieved 20 November 2006.</ref> When oil began to gush in West Texas, Fort Worth was at the center of the wheeling and dealing.

In 2000, an F2 tornado smashed through downtown, tearing many buildings into shreds and scrap metal. One of the hardest hit structures was Bank One Tower, which has since been renovated and used for condominiums.

[edit] Geography

Downtown Fort Worth From I-20

Fort Worth is located in the northeastern part Texas and the southeastern part of the United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 774.1 km² (298.9 mi²). 757.7 km² (292.5 mi²) of it is land and 16.4 km² (6.3 mi²) of it (2.12%) is water.

A large storage dam was built in 1913 on the West Fork of the Trinity River, 7 miles (10 km) from the city, with a storage capacity of 30 billion US gallons (110,000,000 ) of water. The lake formed by this dam is known as Lake Worth. The cost of the dam was nearly US$1,500,000 - a handsome sum at the time.

[edit] Demographics

Fort Worth's Population by year <ref>United States Census Bureau - Fort Worth population in 1880 (pg.45), 1890 (pg.57), 1900 (pg.4), 1910 (pg.3), 1920 (pg.79), 1930 (pg.69), 1940 (pg.115), 1950 (pg.107), 1960 (pg.23), 1970 (pg.13), 1980 (pg.39), 1990 (pg.114), 2000, 2005 estimate. Retrieved 20 November 2006.</ref>
Year Pop.
1880 6,663
1890 23,076
1900 26,668
1910 73,312
1920 106,482
1930 163,447
1940 177,662
1950 278,778
1960 356,268
1970 393,476
1980 385,164
1990 447,619
2000 534,694
2005 (est.) 604,538
Image:FW Night.JPG
Downtown Fort Worth at night

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 534,694 people, 195,078 households, and 127,581 families residing in the city. The July 2004 census estimates have placed Fort Worth in the top 20 most populous cities (# 19) in the U.S. with the population at 604,538.<ref name="2005CensusEstimate"/> Fort Worth is also in the top 5 cities with the largest numerical increase from July 1, 2003 to July 1, 2004 with 17,872 more people or a 3.1% increase. <ref>United States Census Bureau - Port St. Lucie, Fla., is Fastest-Growing City, Census Bureau Says." Published 30 June 2005. Retrieved 20 November 2006.</ref> The population density was 705.7/km² (1,827.8/mi²). There were 211,035 housing units at an average density of 278.5/km² (721.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.69% White, 20.26% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 2.64% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 14.05% from other races, and 2.72% from two or more races. 29.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 195,078 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 195,078 households, 9,599 are unmarried partner households: 8,202 heterosexual, 676 same-sex male, and 721 same-sex female households.

28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,074, and the median income for a family was $42,939. Males had a median income of $31,663 versus $25,917 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,800. About 12.7% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

See also: People of Fort Worth

[edit] Districts

[edit] Downtown

Sundance Square

[edit] Fort Worth Stockyards Historic District

The stockyards offer a taste of the old west and the Chisholm Trail at the site of the historic cattle drives and rail access. The District is filled with restaurants, clubs, gift shops and attractions such as daily longhorn cattle drives through the streets, historic reenactments, the Texas Cowboy Hall of Fame and Billy Bob's, the world's largest country and western music venue.

[edit] Cultural district

[edit] Parks district

[edit] East Fort Worth

In more recent years, east Fort Worth has been referred to by the younger generations, as "Funkytown" rather than "Cowtown," as referred to by the older generations.[citation needed] In the last two decades of the 20th century, when the Blood and Crip gangs started migrating from California, east Fort Worth was often referred to as "Murder Worth" or "Little Chicago",[citation needed] as the murder and violent crime rates increased dramatically. This uncharacteristically dangerous period that began abruptly in the mid 80's ended nearly as abruptly in the mid 90's.[1] East Fort Worth has since become a model of resiliency, as the community organized through neighborhood associations and a cooperative relationship with the police. Currently Fort Worth as a whole stands as the 9th safest U.S. city among those with a population over 500,000. In fact, 4 Texas cities are in the top 10 ( )

[edit] Uptown / Trinity

The Tarrant Regional Water District, City of Fort Worth, Tarrant County, Streams & Valleys Inc, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are cooperating in an effort to develop an area north of "downtown" as "uptown" along the Trinity River. This plan promotes a large mixed use development adjacent to the central city area of Fort Worth, with a goal to prevent urban sprawl by promoting the growth of a healthy, vibrant urban core. The Trinity River Vision lays the groundwork to enable Fort Worth's central business district to double in size over the next 40 years. [2]

[edit] Other

[edit] Transportation

I-20 in southern Fort Worth

[edit] Education

[edit] Public schools

Most of Fort Worth is served by Fort Worth Independent School District.

Other school districts that serve portions of Fort Worth include:

The portion of Fort Worth within the Arlington Independent School District contains a wastewater plant. No residential areas are in the portion.

[edit] Private High Schools

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Worth oversees several Catholic elementary and middle schools.<ref>The Catholic Diocese of Fort Worth - Catholic Schools. Retrieved 20 November 2006.</ref>

[edit] Colleges, Universities, Divinity School, and Theological Seminary

Further information: List of colleges and universities in Fort Worth, Texas

[edit] Sports

Fort Worth is home to the 2006 NAIA Div. I Men's Basketball champions, Texas Wesleyan University. Texas Wesleyan also is the three-time National Collegiate Table Tennis Association (NCTTA) team champions (2004-2006). Fort Worth is also home to the NCAA football Bell Helicopter Armed Forces Bowl as well as four professional sports teams. Local off-road bicyclists find ride partners and trail information at the Cowtown Area Mountain Bike Association [3].

[edit] Professional Sports Teams

<tr bgcolor="#ADADAD">
<td width="300px">Club</td>
<td width="120px" align="left">Sport</td>
<td width="75px" align="left">Founded</td>
<td width="270px" align="left">League</td>
<td width="180px" align="left">Venue</td>

<tr bgcolor="#ffffff'>

<td width="250px">Fort Worth Cats</td>
<td width="120px" align="left">Baseball</td>
<td width="75px" align="left">2001</td>
<td width="270px" align="left">AAIPBL</td>
<td width="180px" align="left">LaGrave Field</td>

<tr bgcolor="#ffffff'>

<td width="250px">Fort Worth Brahmas (team suspended operations in 2006)</td>
<td width="120px" align="left">Hockey</td>
<td width="75px" align="left">1997</td>
<td width="270px" align="left">Central Hockey League</td>
<td width="180px" align="left">Fort Worth Convention Center</td>

<tr bgcolor="#ffffff'>

<td width="250px">Fort Worth Flyers</td>
<td width="120px" align="left">Basketball</td>
<td width="75px" align="left">2005</td>
<td width="270px" align="left">NBA D-League</td>
<td width="180px" align="left">Fort Worth Convention Center</td>

<tr bgcolor="#ffffff'>

<td width="250px">Texas Tycoons</td>
<td width="120px" align="left">Basketball</td>
<td width="75px" align="left">2004</td>
<td width="270px" align="left">American Basketball Association</td>
<td width="180px" align="left">Blue Line Arena</td>


[edit] Sister cities

Fort Worth is a part of the Sister Cities International program and maintains cultural and economic exchange programs with its 7 sister cities.

[edit] References


[edit] External links

Image:Flag of Texas.svg
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Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex
Counties Collin | Dallas | Denton | Ellis | Henderson | Hood | Hunt | Johnson | Kaufman | Parker | Rockwall | Tarrant | Wise
Above 500,000 Dallas | Fort Worth
200,000 - 500,000 Arlington | Garland | Plano
100,000 - 200,000 Carrollton | Denton | Grand Prairie | Irving | McKinney | Mesquite
50,000 - 100,000 Allen | Flower Mound | Frisco | Lewisville| North Richland Hills | Richardson
10,000 - 50,000 Addison | Athens | Azle | Balch Springs | Bedford | Benbrook | Burleson | Cedar Hill | Cleburne | Colleyville | Coppell | Decatur | DeSoto | Duncanville | Ennis | Euless | Farmers Branch | Forest Hill | Grapevine | Greenville | Haltom City | Highland Village | Hurst | Keller | Lancaster | Mansfield | Rockwall | Rowlett | Sachse | Saginaw | Seagoville | Southlake | Terrell | The Colony | University Park | Watauga | Waxahachie | Weatherford | White Settlement | Wylie
Under 10,000 Blue Mound | Cockrell Hill | Combine | Crowley | Dalworthington Gardens | Edgecliff Village | Everman | Glenn Heights | Granbury | Highland Park | Hutchins | Kaufman | Kennedale | Lake Worth | Lakeside | Newark | Ovilla | Pantego | Pelican Bay | Richland Hills | River Oaks | Sansom Park | Sunnyvale | Westover Hills | Westworth Village | Willow Park | Wilmer
† - County Seat. A full list of cities under 10,000 is available here.

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