Former Shu

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History of China

Former Shu (Chinese: 前蜀, Pinyin: Qiánshú) was one of the Ten Kingdoms formed during the chaotic period between the rules of the Tang dynasty and the Song dynasty.

Contents

[edit] Founding of the Shu Kingdom

Wang Jian was named military governor of western Sichuan by the Tang court in 891. As the Tang Dynasty weakened and eventually fell in 907, Wang was able to expand his holdings into eastern Sichuan and took the title of emperor as the Tang fell in 907.

[edit] Extant of the Shu Kingdom

The Shu was based in its capital of Chengdu and controlled most of present-day Sichuan, parts of southern Gansu and Shaanxi, part of western Hebei and all of contemporary Chongqing. Not only did it border the Later Liang Dynasty, the successor to the Tang Dynasty in the north, but it also bordered the Chinese kingdoms of Nanping and Chu and the non-Chinese peoples to the south (formerly Nanzhao and soon to be the Kingdom of Dali and Amdo Tibet.

[edit] Fall of the Shu Kingdom

Wang Jian died in 918, having been replaced by an incompetent son. The Later Tang Dynasty replaced the Later Liang Dynasty in 923. Shortly after that, the Shatuo Turk controlled northern China dynasty marched in under the leadership of Li Cunxu, and incorporated the kingdom into his domains.

[edit] Rulers

Sovereigns in the Former Shu Kingdom 907-925
Temple Names ( Miao Hao 廟號 miao4 hao4) Posthumous Names ( Shi Hao 諡號 ) Personal Names Period of Reigns Era Names (Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years
高祖 gao1 zu3 Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign 王建 wang2 jian4 907-918 Tianfu (天復 tian1 fu4) 907

Wucheng (武成 wu3 cheng22) 908-910
Yongping (永平 yong3 ping2) 911-915
Tongzheng (通正 tong1 zheng4) 916
Tianhan (天漢 tian1 han4) 917
Guangtian (光天 guang1 tian1) 918

後主 hou4 zhu3 Did not exist 王衍 wang2 yan3 918-925 Qiande (乾德 qian2 de2) 918-925

Xiankang (咸康 xian2 kang1) 925

[edit] Reference

Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China (900-1800). Harvard University Press, 11-12, 14-15. ISBN 0674012127.

[edit] See Also

Later Shuja:前蜀 zh:前蜀

Former Shu

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