Fordham University

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Fordham University
Image:Fordhamuniversityseal.jpg
Latin: Universitas Fordhamensis
Motto Sapientia et Doctrina
(Wisdom and Learning)
Established 1841 (as St. John's College)
Type Private
Endowment $372 million [1]
President Joseph M. McShane, S.J.
Faculty 681 full time, 475 adjunct
Undergraduates 8,430
Postgraduates 7,579 (1,652 law)
Location New York, NY, USA
Campus Urban (New York City: Rose Hill [85 acres], Lincoln Center [8 acres]) / Suburban (Tarrytown: Marymount [25 acres], Armonk: Louis Calder Center Biological Field Station [114 acres]) / International: (Beijing, China; London, United Kingdom: London Center)
Athletics NCAA Division I

22 men's and women's varsity sports teams compete in the Atlantic 10 Conference in all sports except football. The Rams were the 2003 Patriot League (NCAA I-AA) champions in football.

Colors Maroon and White
Mascot Ram Image:Fordham University mascot.gif
Website www.fordham.edu

Fordham University is a private, coeducational research university[2] located in and around New York City. Though now officially an independent institution in the Jesuit tradition, it was originally founded by the Catholic Church in 1841 as St. John's College. Fordham is currently one of 28 member institutions in the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities.

In 2004, enrollment included more than 8,000 undergraduate students and 7,000 graduate students spread over three residential campuses in and around New York City: Rose Hill in the Bronx, Lincoln Center in Manhattan, and Marymount in Tarrytown, New York. Fordham awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.[3]

Fordham University is comprised of five undergraduate colleges and six graduate schools, including Fordham School of Law. The University offers a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in affiliation with the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater.[4] The Cooperative Program in Engineering is an educational affiliation between Fordham University and the School of Engineering and Applied Science of Columbia University leading in five years to a Bachelor of Arts degree from Fordham University, as well as a Bachelor of Science degree from Columbia University in one of a number of fields.[5]

The University is affiliated with the now-independent Fordham Preparatory School, with which it shares its founding. "The Prep", as it is known colloquially, also shares a geographic boundary with the University, in effect occupying a corner of the Rose Hill campus.

Contents

[edit] History

[edit] Early history (1841-1900)

Image:Fordham University Admin Building.jpg
The Administration Building at the Rose Hill campus.

Fordham University was founded as St. John's College in 1841 by the Irish-born Coadjutor Bishop (later Archbishop) of the Diocese of New York, the Most Reverend John Joseph Hughes (nicknamed "Dagger John" because of his personality and the fact that he always drew a dagger-like cross next to his signature). The College was the first Catholic institution of higher education in the northeastern United States. Bishop Hughes purchased Rose Hill Manor in the Bronx, then part of Westchester County, at $30,000 for the purpose of establishing the school. Rose Hill is the name given to the site in 1787 by Robert Watts, a wealthy New York merchant, in honor of his family's ancestral home of the same name in Scotland. St. John's College opened with a student body of six on June 24, 1841. The Reverend John McCloskey (later Archbishop of New York, eventually to become the first American Cardinal) was its president, and the faculty were secular priests and lay instructors. The College was paired with a seminary, St. Joseph's, which had been founded in 1839 and was in the charge of Italian Lazarists (also known as "Vincentians"), with the Reverend Dr. Felix Villanis at its head. St. Joseph's Seminary closed in 1861.

St. John's College received its charter to grant degrees in theology, arts, law, and medicine, April 10, 1846, by the New York state legislature. Also in 1846, Bishop Hughes had convinced a group of Jesuits working in Kentucky to move to New York and staff his new school. Part of the agreement between Hughes and the Jesuits was that they would also open a school in what was then the city proper, and they lost little time in doing so. In September of 1847, the first school in Manhattan with a connection to what would become Fordham University opened its doors on the Lower East Side of the city, on Elizabeth and Walker Streets, across the street from the border of the notorious "Five Points" neighborhood. A devastating fire five months later forced the new school to move to the basement of St. James Catholic Church to finish its first year of operation. From 1848 to 1850, the school operated out of rented space on Third Avenue in the East Village, until its first permanent home was constructed on West 15th Street, just off of Sixth Avenue. In 1861, this school, (the name changed to the College of St. Francis Xavier) was granted its own charter and became an independent institution, although many ties remained between the Jesuits of St. John's College in the Bronx and those of St. Francis Xavier in Manhattan.

[edit] A new century (1901-1950)

Image:Keatinghall.jpg
Keating Hall at the Rose Hill campus circa February 1937.

With the addition of a (now defunct) medical school and, in 1905, a law school, the name was changed to Fordham University in 1907 (despite the original name of the school, Fordham has never had any connection with St. John's University). The name Fordham ("ford by the hamlet") refers to the Fordham neighborhood of the Bronx in which the Rose Hill campus is located. This neighborhood was named either as a reference to the original settlement that was located near a shallow crossing of the Bronx River, or as a reference to Rev. John Fordham, an Anglican priest.

Fordham University Press, a member the Association of American University Presses (AAUP) since 1938, was established in 1907 not only to represent and uphold the values and traditions of the University itself, but also to further those values and traditions through the dissemination of scholarly research and ideas. The press publishes primarily in the humanities and the social sciences, with an emphasis on the fields of philosophy, theology, history, classics, communications, economics, sociology, business, political science, and law, as well as literature and the fine arts. Additionally, the press publishes books focusing on the metropolitan New York region and books of interest to the general public.

In 1913, the decision was made to close the College of St. Francis Xavier -- though leaving the associated Xavier High School intact -- and Fordham began opening schools in Manhattan once again, then at the Woolworth Building in the Financial District (the tallest building in the world at the time). Due to the ornate lobby of this skyscraper, the students soon began referring to it as the "marble campus" of Fordham in contrast to the then rural nature of the Rose Hill campus. Various colleges flourished at the Woolworth Building over the years, including Fordham College–Manhattan Division, the College of Business Administration, and the Undergraduate School of Education. In the midst of World War II, Fordham moved its Manhattan schools to a new location a few blocks north of City Hall at 302 Broadway. The Fordham College of Liberal Studies traces its founding to this period, evolving from Ignatius College which held classes on both campuses. In the years following World War II, Fordham in Manhattan continued to flourish, and the University was soon looking for a larger space to house its "downtown" schools.

WFUV, 90.7 FM in New York City, is Fordham University's 50,000-watt radio station. First broadcast in 1947, it is now a National Public Radio affilliate, and still has a strong student-run news and sports department, though much of the other programming is staffed by professionals. The studios are located in Keating Hall on the Rose Hill campus, and the transmitter is located atop Montefiore Medical Center.

[edit] Changes and Opportunities (1951-1999)

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The front of the Leon Lowenstein Building at the Lincoln Center campus.

Fordham's great opportunity came in the mid-1950s when it was invited to be part of the Lincoln Square Renewal Project which sought to replace substandard housing on the city's west side with a new performing arts complex that would become known as Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. Fordham was the first of the city's institutions involved in the project to fully sign on, purchasing most of the property from West 60th Street to West 62nd Street between Columbus Avenue and Amsterdam Avenue. Part of the opening sequence of the movie West Side Story (the story was set in the neighborhood) was filmed on Fordham's property before construction began, and in 1961 Fordham's Law School was the first building to open in the Lincoln Square Renewal Project. Later the Metropolitan Opera, the New York Philharmonic, the New York City Ballet, and the Juilliard School would join Fordham in the neighborhood as part of this project. As work on Fordham's Leon Lowenstein Building progressed, the University decided to phase out the various undergraduate colleges it conducted at 302 Broadway and replace them with a new school, "The Liberal Arts College." In January of 1969, its second semester of operation, the new college moved into its permanent home in the Lowenstein Building at the Lincoln Center campus. The Law School and the undergraduate college were soon joined by the Graduate School of Business Administration, the Graduate School of Education, and the Graduate School of Social Service.

Since its opening in 1968, the undergraduate college's name has changed from "The Liberal Arts College" to "The College at Lincoln Center" and in 1996 to Fordham College at Lincoln Center. In 1993, a twenty-story, 850-bed residence hall was added to the campus, along with other campus improvements. Over its first thirty-five years the college had a remarkable record of achievement, including alumni who have gone on to outstanding careers as stars of stage and screen, as writers and producers, as financial and business leaders, as practitioners of law and medicine, and as political and civic leaders.

In 1969 the board of trustees was reorganized to include a majority of non-clergy members, and officially made the University an independent institution. For 133 years, the Fordham College at Rose Hill was a college for men. In 1974, however, as a result of a merger with Thomas More College (the University’s coordinate college for women opened in 1967) it became coeducational.

[edit] The University expands (2000-present)

Marymount College, an independent women's college founded in 1907 by the Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary (R.S.H.M.) was consolidated into Fordham University in December of 2000. It had been steeped in financial hardship since the 1970s,

In August of 2005, the University announced a multi-year, $1 billion proposed master plan to add 1.5 million square feet of academic, student activities, and dormitory space to the Lincoln Center campus. The development of the campus will begin with the expansion of Quinn Library and the construction of a new Law School building, a new student center, a dormitory, and additional parking. Future phases of the development plan include the construction of new space for Fordham College of Liberal Studies, Fordham College at Lincoln Center, the Graduate School of Business, the Graduate School of Social Service, and the Graduate School of Education.[6]

In October of 2005, the University's Board of Trustees declared that Marymount College would be phased out of the Institution by June of 2007. The campus in Tarrytown, New York, instead, will (in part) become home to Fordham's Graduate School of Religion & Religious Education and no longer an undergraduate women's college. Officials cited financial infeasibility as the cause of the college's elimination.

[edit] Academics

[edit] Academic Ideals

"For most students, the Roman Catholic influence is positive," one reads in The Fiske Guide to Colleges 1998, "and many students say that the Jesuit tradition is the school's best attribute." That tradition and attitude towards the student is summarized by the University in its own literature: "The approach begins with a deep respect for you as an individual and your potential, a principle the Jesuits call cura personalis. Because they respect you, our faculty will challenge you to strive for ever greater personal excellence in all aspects of life — intellectual, emotional, moral, and physical. That principle, called magis, accounts for the rigor of intellectual exchange and the varied challenges you will experience in New York City and the world beyond."[7]

[edit] Colleges and schools

Fordham University comprises five undergraduate colleges and six graduate schools.

[edit] Undergraduate colleges

Image:Fordham University Keating Hall.JPG
Keating Hall with Edwards Parade in the foreground (Rose Hill campus).
  • Fordham College at Rose Hill (1841)
  • Marymount College of Fordham University (1907)
  • College of Business Administration (1920)
  • Fordham College of Liberal Studies (1944)
  • Fordham College at Lincoln Center (1968)

[edit] Graduate schools

  • School of Law (1905)
  • Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (1916)
  • Graduate School of Education (1916)
  • Graduate School of Social Service (1916)
  • Graduate School of Business Administration (1969)
  • Graduate School of Religion and Religious Education (1969)

[edit] Libraries

Image:FordhamLawLibrary.JPG
Leo T. Kissam Memorial Law Library at Fordham Law School
The Fordham University libraries own more than 2 million volumes, subscribe to over 15,500 periodicals and 19,000 electronic journals, and serve as a depository for United States Government documents. The libraries own many special collections of rare books and manuscripts covering a variety of subjects including Americana, Jesuitica, the French Revolution, and Criminology. The libraries also provide access to more than 200 electronic databases and over 60,000 electronic books.[8]
  • The William D. Walsh Family Library, which opened in 1997 at the Rose Hill campus, contains over 1 million volumes and 380,000 government documents. In its 2004 edition of The Best 351 Colleges, the Princeton Review ranked Fordham's Walsh Library fifth in the country.
  • The Gerald M. Quinn Library at the Lincoln Center campus (in the Lowenstein building) contains some 500,000 volumes. In addition to a general collection serving Fordham College at Lincoln Center, the Quinn Library also has strong collections in business, education, and social service serving the three graduate schools on that campus.
  • The Gloria Gaines Memorial Library at the Marymount campus houses over 130,000 volumes and serves the students at Marymount College as well as the Fordham graduate students in business, education, and social service.
  • The Leo T. Kissam Memorial Law Library at the Lincoln Center campus (in the Law School building) contains over 326,000 volumes, 1 million microforms, and 5,270 periodicals. Subject strengths include American and international law, with many foreign legal sources including European Community law and international antitrust law.

[edit] Academic Reputation

Fordham is listed as one of the top seventy national universities in the United States by U.S. News & World Report. The Washington Monthly rankings, meant as a public-interest focused alternative to the U.S. News rankings, places Fordham at 41st in the nation, overall.[9] In 2004, the Graduate School of Social Service was ranked 14th nationally, also by U.S. News & World Report. Fordham University School of Law, the 15th most selective law school in the United States, was ranked 32 in the nation in the 2006 U.S. News & World Report law school rankings. Also in 2006, BusinessWeek magazine ranked Fordham's College of Business Administration 48th nationally in what it called "the most comprehensive ranking ever of U.S. undergraduate business programs."

[edit] Campuses

Fordham University has three residential campuses: Rose Hill in the Bronx, Lincoln Center in Manhattan, and Marymount in Tarrytown, New York. The University also has a biological field station in Armonk, New York and two international locations: The Beijing international MBA (BiMBA[10]) in Beijing, China, and the London Center home to the London Drama Academy.[11]

The undergraduate Fordham College of Liberal Studies holds classes on all three residential campuses utilizing the same faculty and course requirements as the other colleges in the University. However, it provides options for both full-time and part-time sudy, unconventional scheduling, and the flexibility of multiple campuses in order to accommodate students who are employed full-time or otherwise unable to take advantage of the offerings at the other undergraduate colleges.

[edit] Rose Hill

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The main entrance to the Rose Hill campus.

The Rose Hill campus, established in 1841, is home to the undergraduate Fordham College at Rose Hill, the College of Business Administration, and a portion of the Fordham College of Liberal Studies as well as the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and the Graduate School of Religion & Religious Education. Located on 85 acres in the north Bronx, it is among the largest "green campuses" in New York City. The campus is bordered by the New York Botanical Garden, the Bronx Zoo, and "Little Italy of the Bronx" on Arthur Avenue. Rose Hill's traditional collegiate Gothic architecture, cobblestone streets, and green expanses of lawn have been used as settings in a number of feature films over the years. Among the 15 campus dormitories are Fordham's three residential colleges: O'Hare Hall, Tierney Hall, and Queen's Court (whose buildings date back to the days of St. John's College) with its notable Bishop's Lounge. [12] About 6,284 undergraduates and graduates attend, with 3,143 in residence.

[edit] Lincoln Center

Image:Fisherman-Fordham.jpg
Peter, Fisher of Men statue at the Lincoln Center campus.

The Lincoln Center campus, established in 1961, is home to the undergraduate Fordham College at Lincoln Center and a portion of Fordham College of Liberal Studies, as well as the School of Law, the Graduate School of Business Administration, the Graduate School of Education, and the Graduate School of Social Service. Located on eight landscaped acres, the campus occupies the area from West 60th Street to West 62nd Street between Columbus and Amsterdam Avenues, in the cultural heart of Manhattan. Across the street is one of the world's great cultural centers, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts; nearby are Central Park, Broadway, and Columbus Circle. About 8,000 professional and undergraduate students attend, with approximately 853 in residence in apartment-style housing.[13] The Lincoln Center campus currently consists of the Leon Lowenstein Building, McMahon Hall dormitory, Quinn Library, and the Law School Building. There are also two open, grassy plazas built over the Quinn Library, one level up from the street. The larger plaza is unnamed, but the smaller one is known alternately as Robert Moses Plaza or St. Peter's Garden. A memorial to Fordham students and alumni who died on 9/11 stands in St. Peter's Garden.

[edit] Marymount

The 25-acre Tarrytown campus was officially established in 2002 when Marymount College, Tarrytown, consolidated with Fordham. Located 25 miles north of New York City in Tarrytown, New York, the campus is home to the all-female undergraduate Marymount College of Fordham University as well as branches of the graduate schools of education, social service, and business administration and the undergraduate Fordham College of Liberal Studies. Marymount College will be phased out in 2007; however, the campus will remain active and be renamed the Marymount campus, supporting numerous programs and graduate schools.

[edit] Louis Calder Center

The Louis Calder Center is Fordham's biological field station for ecological research and environmental education. Located 30 miles north of New York City in Armonk, New York, it is the only full-time ecological research field station in the New York metropolitan area. The station consists of 113 forested acres with a 10-acre lake and 19 buildings, which are used for laboratory and office space, educational programs, equipment storage, and residences. The station's state-of-the-art equipment, research library, greenhouses, and housing are available for research and educational programs for students, faculty, and visiting scientists.[14]

[edit] Beijing, China

Fordham's Beijing campus[15], founded in 1998, is the site of the Beijing International MBA Program (BIMBA), which enrolls over 400 students a year in traditional part-time and full-time MBA programs and in Executive MBA (EMBA) programs. Peking University is affiliated with the BiMBA program -- the first foreign MBA degree to be approved by the Chinese Government -- and ranked number 1 in China by Fortune Magazine .

[edit] London Center

Founded in the 1970s by Marymount College and a select group of tutors from the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA), London Drama Academy (LDA) at Fordham's London Center provides a lively, intensive, high-quality introduction to the principles of British acting and allows students to perfect their craft using practical rather than strictly theoretical approaches.

Those who attend LDA receive focused training that further develops their skills. Through semester-and year-long sessions at the London Centre location in the famous Bloomsbury area of the city, LDA students take classes taught by RADA-trained, working theatre professionals—many of whom are experienced performers with the National Theatre and the Royal Shakespeare Company.

During the summer, the College of Business Administration holds marketing classes in the Center to allow business students a hands-on approach to the global business market.

[edit] Athletics

For more detailed information see Fordham University Athletics

The Fordham varsity sports teams are known as the "Rams." Their colors are maroon and white. The University supports 22 men's and women's varsity teams and a number of club teams, plus a significant intramural sports program. The Fordham Rams are members of NCAA Division I and compete in the Atlantic 10 Conference in all sports except football. In football, the Rams play in the Patriot League of NCAA Division I-AA.

Fordham athletics gained early notoriety for college football in the beginning of the 20th century, particulalry with the success of the famous "Seven Blocks of Granite". In addition, the University launched the careers of dozens of professional baseball players, including a Hall of Fame inductee.

[edit] Student activities

Fordham University promotes and supports dozens, if not hundreds, of organized student activites.[16] The following are just the briefest of examples.

[edit] Student publications

  • The Fordham Ram (commonly known as The Ram), student newspaper, published from the Rose Hill campus since 1918. The Ram is the University's journal of record.
  • The Observer, Fordham University's award-winning[17] student newspaper, published from the Lincoln Center campus since 1981.
  • The Paper, Fordham University's journal of news, analysis, comment, and review.
  • Fordham Law Review, the most widely-cited of the law school's six scholarly journals serving the legal profession and the public by discussing current legal issues.

[edit] Radio

WFUV, 90.7 FM in New York City, is Fordham University's 50,000-watt radio station. First broadcast in 1947, the station serves approximately 280,000 listeners weekly in the New York area and thousands more globally on the Web (wfuv.org). The station is a National Public Radio affiliate, and mainly has an adult album alternative format, although it does carry programs which play music from other genres, such as folk music, jazz, and Celtic music. [18] The station has strong student-run news and sports departments. Its One on One program, which airs every Saturday from 1pm to 4pm Eastern, is New York City's longest-running sports call-in show. The student-produced and -hosted program covers the pros and the college teams, with a focus on Fordham University.[19]

[edit] Global Outreach

For more details on Global Outreach! see Global Outreach! Program, Fordham University

Global Outreach! (commonly known as GO!), is a student led, university sponsored organization dedicated to educating students about issues of social justice and individual responsibility through service trips to global and domestic locations. Separate progams on each campus currently sponsor 27 annual trips ranging from Thailand to East New York, and dealing with such diverse issues as public health, affordable housing, migrant labor, and disaster relief.

[edit] Legacies

[edit] Notable alumni

For a more extensive sampling of notable alumni, see the List of Fordham University people.

Among the notable people who have attended Fordham are: Alan Alda, six-time Emmy Award and six-time Golden Globe Award-winning actor; Mary Higgins Clark, best-selling suspense novelist; Geraldine Ferraro, the first woman Vice Presidential candidate of a major political party; Vince Lombardi, football coaching legend; Charles Osgood, three-time Emmy Award and two-time Peabody Award-winning journalist for CBS and Radio Hall of Famer; Vin Scully, Emmy Award-winning sportscaster for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Baseball Hall of Famer, and Radio Hall of Famer; and Denzel Washington, two-time Academy Award and two-time Golden Globe Award-winning actor.

[edit] Notable faculty

This list is intended as a sampling

[edit] University Presidents

  1. His Eminence John Cardinal McCloskey 1841-43
  2. Most Rev. James Roosevelt Bayley 1844-46
  3. Rev. Augustus J. Thebaud, S.J. 1846-51 and 1859-63
  4. Rev. John Larkin, S.J. 1851-54
  5. Rev. Remigius I. Tellier, S.J. 1854-59
  6. Rev. Edward Doucet, S.J. 1863-65
  7. Rev. William Moylan, S.J. 1865-68
  8. Rev. Joseph Shea, S.J. 1868-74
  9. Rev. William Gockeln, S.J. 1874-82
  10. Rev. Patrick F. Dealy, S.J. 1882-85
  11. Rev. Thomas F. Campbell, S.J. 1885-88 and 1896-1900
  12. Rev. John Scully, S.J. 1888-91
  13. Rev. Thomas Gannon, S.J. 1891-96
  14. Rev. George A. Pettit, S.J. 1900-04
  15. Most Rev. John J. Collins, S.J. 1904-06
  16. Rev. Daniel J. Quinn, S.J. 1906-11
  17. Rev. Thomas J. McCluskey, S.J. 1911-15
  18. Rev. Joseph A. Mulry, S.J. 1915-19
  19. Rev. Edward P. Tivnan, S.J. 1919-24
  20. Rev. William J. Duane, S.J. 1924-30
  21. Rev. Aloysius J. Hogan, S.J. 1930-36
  22. Rev. Robert I. Gannon, S.J. 1936-49
  23. Rev. Laurence J. McGinley, S.J. 1949-63
  24. Rev. Vincent T. O'Keefe, S.J. 1963-65
  25. Rev. Leo J. McLaughlin, S.J. 1965-69
  26. Rev. Michael P. Walsh, S.J. 1969-72
  27. Rev. James C. Finlay, S.J. 1972-84
  28. Rev. Joseph A. O'Hare, S.J. 1984-2003
  29. Rev. Joseph M. McShane, S.J. 2003-present [20]

[edit] Affiliations

This is an introductory listing,and may reflect only a portion of the many affiliations the University maintains.[21]

Fordham University is affiliated with the following:

It is an accredited member of:

The University is also a member of:

  • American Association of Colleges of Teacher Education
  • Collegiate Association for Development of Educational Administration (New York State)
  • Association of University Evening Colleges

The University has chapters of Phi Beta Kappa and Phi Kappa Phi, national honor societies; Alpha Sigma Nu, the national honor society of Jesuit colleges and universities; Beta Gamma Sigma, the national honor society of accredited schools of business; Beta Alpha Psi, the honor society of accounting, and Alpha Sigma Lambda, the national honor society for non-traditional students.

There are chapters of the Society of Sigma Xi, a national honorary scientific research organization established to recognize and foster the scientific spirit in American colleges and to provide both stimulus and acknowledgement for independent scientific research; Pi Sigma Alpha, the national honor society for political science students; Alpha Mu Gamma, the national honor society for foreign languages.

Fordham also has chapters of Phi Delta Kappa and Kappa Delta Pi, both honor societies in education, and is accredited on both the undergraduate and graduate levels in teacher education by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).

Fordham University has chapters of other honor societies which are major specific.

[edit] Trivia

[edit] Fordham traditions

[edit] The Great Seal

The Great Seal of Fordham University bears the coat of arms of the Society of Jesus at the center. The shield bears the Greek letters of the name Jesus, IHS, with the cross resting in the horizontal line of the letter "H", three nails beneath (evoking those used in the crucifixtion of Jesus), all in gold in a field framed in maroon, the color of the University, with silver fleurs-de-lis (reminicent of the French origin of the first Jesuit instructors) on the edge of the maroon frame. Around the shield, a scroll with the University's motto in latin, Sapienta et Doctrina (Wisdom and Learning), is etched. The scroll rests on a field in which tongues of fire are displayed, recalling the outpouring of the Holy Spirit of Wisdom that marked the first Pentecost. A laurel above the shield has engraved the names of the disciplines that were taught when the school was granted university status in 1907: arts, science, philosophy, medicine, and law. Surrounding the entire seal is a heraldic belt, which has engraved the name of the school in latin, Universitas Fordhamensis, and year of foundation.[22]

[edit] Fordham Maroon

There is as much myth as there is truth surrounding the history of Fordham's college color: Maroon was not the original color, magenta was. Magenta was used on the uniforms of Fordham's "base-ball nines." The color was also used by Fordham's archrival, Harvard.[23]

Both institutions claimed prior right to use of magenta, and neither institution was willing to make concessions. Since it was "improper" for two schools to be wearing the same colors, the matter was to be settled by a series of baseball games. The winning team could lay claim to magenta. The losing team would have to find another color. Fordham won, but Harvard reneged on its promise.[24]

That was the situation in 1874 when the student body gathered at the college to meet Rev. William Gockeln, S. J., the newly installed College president. One of the matters discussed at this historic meeting was that of choosing an official college color that would belong to Fordham and Fordham alone. With matters at a standstill, Stephen Wall '75, suggested maroon, a color not widely used at the time.[25]

In a letter that Wall subsequently wrote to the editors of the Fordham Monthly in 1907, he stated, "I was asked what maroon was and the only way I could explain it was that it looked something like claret wine with the sun shining through it, but I said that, if I was given time, I would produce a piece of maroon ribbon. So I was accorded the privilege, and I wrote to my sister to send me a piece of maroon ribbon and velvet. These samples came in due course and were submitted to the committee. It received the unanimous approval of the committee, was adopted and has been the color that has carried Fordham through many a victory."[26]

An ironic footnote: Harvard also stopped using magenta -- in favor of crimson, however.[27]

[edit] The Ram

The ram evolved into Fordham's mascot and symbol from a slightly vulgar cheer that Fordham fans sang during a 1893 football game against the Military Academy at West Point. The students began cheering "One-damn, two-damn, three-damn...Fordham!" The song was an instant hit but "damn" was sanitized to "Ram" to conform to the university's image (Schroth 2002:107).

[edit] The Victory Bell

The "Victory Bell", which is mounted outside the Rose Hill Gym, is from the Japanese aircraft carrier Junyō. According to the plaque below the bell, it was recovered near Saipan where it was "silenced by an aerial Bomb." It was given to Fordham as a gift by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz "as a Memorial to Our Dear Young Dead of World War II." It was blessed by Cardinal Spellman, and "was first rung at Fordham by the President of the United States, the Honorable Harry S. Truman on May 11, 1946, the Charter Centenary of the University." It is rung by each Fordham senior player after victorious home football games and its ringing also marks the start of the commencement ceremonies each May. A small group of students rang the bell on the 50th anniversary of Pearl Harbor in honor of the war dead.

[edit] The Rose Hill Gymnasium

Image:Fordham court 800.jpg
The Rose Hill Gym Interior.
Image:Therhg.jpg
The Rose Hill Gym Exterior.

The men's and women's basketball teams, as well as the volleyball squad, play in the Rose Hill Gymnasium, the oldest gym still in use at the NCAA Division I level. The 3,200 seat gym opened on January 16, 1925 and was one of the largest on-campus facilities at the time it was built, earning the nickname "The Prairie" because of its large floor space. The arena has been in continuous use by Fordham's basketball teams since its opening with the exception of the World War II years, when it was used for a barracks. The Rose Hill Gym has been the site of many legendary college and high school basketball games including Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's final high school game and the 1988 Tolentine-Archbishop Molloy Catholic High School Athletic Association (CHSAA) Championship game, billed by New York Newsday as the "Best High School Game of the '80s." The Rose Hill Gym continues to host the CHSAA Championships annually.

[edit] Songs

Fordham's school song is "Alma Mater Fordham":

O Alma Mater Fordham, How mighty is thy power
to link our hearts to thee in love that grows with every hour.
Thy winding elms, Thy hallowed halls.
O Fordham alma Mater, what mem'ries each recalls.
O Alma Mater Fordham while yet thy life blood starts
Shined by thy sacred image within thy hearts of hearts.
And in the years That ought to be.
In the years that are to be may life and live be true to me.
O Fordham alma Mater, as I am true to thee.[28]
[edit] Recordings and other songs

[edit] Fordham as a filming location

[edit] Movies

[edit] Television

[edit] Music videos

[edit] Other notes

Image:RobertMosesMarker.jpg
Robert Moses Plaza at the Lincoln Center campus. New York's "Master Builder" was instrumental in obtaining the land for Fordham. Ironically, according to Fordham's expansion plan, Robert Moses Plaza may be built over.
  • Edgar Allan Poe, who lived near Fordham's Rose Hill campus and would frequently visit the Jesuits who he had befriended, was inspired by the ringing of the bell of the University Church to pen his 1849 poem The Bells. The bell is known since as Old Edgar Allan.[29]
  • One of Fordham's dormitory buildings, Walsh Hall, was built facing the street as a condition of the loan Fordham received from New York City. If Fordham had defaulted on the loan, the city would have converted it into a housing project, however this did not occur and the building's entrance still confusingly faces the street on the edge of the Rose Hill campus instead of the interior of the campus.
  • On September 30, 1939, Fordham participated in the world’s first televised football game. In front of the sport’s first live TV audience, the Rams defeated Waynesburg College, 34-7. The following week they lost the second ever televised game to the University of Alabama, 7-6. It was not for another month that a professional NFL game was televised.
  • Rev. William O'Malley, a Jesuit and professor at Fordham, played Father Dyer in the 1973 film The Exorcist. In addition, scenes from the film were shot on Fordham's campus, including the language lab scene, which was filmed in Keating Hall, and the bedroom scene, which was filmed in Hughes Hall.

[edit] Further reading

  • Fred C. Feddeck. Hale Men of Fordham: Hail!. Trafford Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-55212-577-7
  • Raymond A. Schroth, S.J. Fordham: A History and Memoir. Jesuit Way, Chicago 2002. ISBN 0-8294-1676-5
  • Fordham University Staff, Office of the Sesquicentennial. As I Remember Fordham: Selections from the Sesquicentennial Oral History Project. Fordham University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8232-1338-2

[edit] External links


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