Field Marshal

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A Field Marshal (sometimes spelled in American English as "Marshall") is a military officer of very high rank, one step above a General or Colonel General, but below a Generalissimo. The origin of Field Marshals dates to the early Middle Ages, originally meaning the keeper of the King's horses (mare scalci) from the time of the early Frankish Kings.

Some nations use the title of Marshal instead. The Air force equivalent is Marshal of the Air Force or Air Marshal. While there is no exact corresponding naval rank, Fleet Admiral, Grand Admiral and Admiral of the Fleet are close approximations.

During China's Dynastic period, successful generals were given the title of Field Marshal (元帥 Yuan Shuai)/Grand Field Marshal (大元帥 Da Yuan Shuai). One of the most famous of these generals was Yue Fei from the Song Dynasty.

Until the end of World War II, Japan also bestowed the honorary title of Field Marshal (元帥 gensui) on successful generals and admirals; they would, however, retain their ranks of general and admiral.

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington was a Field Marshal in twelve different armies. His twelve field marshal batons are on display in Apsley House.

[edit] Field Marshal ranks

[edit] Other meanings

[edit] See also

de:Marschall es:Mariscal de Campo fa:بزرگ‌ارتشتاران fr:Maréchal he:מרשל (דרגה) ja:元帥 no:Feltmarskalk pl:Marszałek (stopień wojskowy) ru:Маршал sl:Feldmaršal sv:Fältmarskalk vi:Nguyên soái

Field Marshal

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