European Parliament election, 2004

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Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. Votes were counted as the polls closed, but results were not announced until 13 June and 14 so results from one country would not influence voters in another where polls were still open; however, the Netherlands, voting on Thursday 10, announced nearly-complete provisional results as soon as they were counted, on the evening of its election day, a move heavily criticized by the European Commission.

Approximately 343,657,800 people were eligible to vote, the second-largest democratic electorate in the world after India. It was the biggest transnational direct election in history, and the 10 new member states elected MEPs for the first time. The new Parliament consists of 732 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). Voting was in most cases by proportional voting for party lists, using the D'Hondt method for calculating the number of seats to be allocated to each party's candidate list. The Republic of Ireland and Malta used the Single Transferable Vote (STV) instead. In Italy open lists are used. In the United Kingdom, closed lists are used in England, Wales and Scotland but STV is used in Northern Ireland.

Results overall show a general defeat of governing parties and an increase in representatives from eurosceptic parties. However, the balance of power in the Parliament remains similar despite the 10 new member states.

Voting
Days
Image:European flag.svg
Thursday
10 June
Netherlands, United Kingdom
Friday
11 June
Czech Republic, Ireland
Saturday
12 June
Czech Republic, Italy, Latvia, Malta
Sunday
13 June
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden

Contents

[edit] Results

[edit] At a glance

original groupings EPPEDPESELDRGreens/ EFAEUL/ NGLUENEDDothers6total
before 2004 enlargement 232 175 52 45 49 23 17 32 625
after 2004 enlargement; outgoing 295
(37.4%)
232
(29.4%)
67
(8.5%)
47
(6.0%)
55
(7.0%)
30
(3.8%)
18
(2.3%)
44
(5.6%)
788 (100%)
immediately after election 277
(37.8%)
198
(27.0%)
68
(9.4%)
38
(5.2%)
39
(5.3%)
27
(3.7%)
15
(2.0%)
70
(9.6%)
732 (100%)
difference -18
(+0.4%)
-34
(-2.4%)
+1
(+0.9%)
-9
(-0.8%)
-16
(-1.7%)
-3
(-0.1%)
-3
(-0.3%)
+26
(+4.0%)
-56
after grouping shuffle (20 July, first day reconvening)268 19988 4241 2733 33731
new groupingsEPPEDPESALDEGreens/ EFAEUL/ NGLUENIDN.I.total

(source: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5])

[edit] Vote summary by EU Party

Registered voters: 352,430,455
Votes cast: 155,017,943 (43.99%)

European Parliament election, 2004
Party Seats Gains Losses Net Gain/Loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/-
  EPP 231 31.6 28.9 44,819,179
  PES 199 27.2 25.0 38,824,140
  ELDR 63 8.6 7.1 11,055,472
  Green 33 4.5 5.3 8,180,397
  IND/DEM group parties 38 5.2 5.2 8,007,854
  ED subgroup parties 37 5.1 3.3 5,188,189
  Left 30 4.1 4.5 6,965,654
  AEN 27 3.7 3.8 5,837,438
  EDP 25 3.4 3.8 5,879,740
  Far-right parties 13 1.8 3.4 5,261,614
  GUE/NGL-aligned independents 8 1.1 1.2 1,783,058
  EFA 6 0.8 1.0 1,619,179
  NGLA 4 0.5 1.2 1,783,058
  G/EFA-aligned independents 3 0.4 0.3 410,483
  Non-Affiliated parties 15 2.0 6.8 10,569,182
Total 732 - - - 100.0 100.0 155,017,943

Note: These figures have been compiled by adding together national party vote figures listed on the wikipedia site and elsewhere. Where alliances are present between members of different EU poltiical parties, the votes have been divided between those list in proportion to the number of MEPs elected for each EU political party.

[edit] Votes by political group

Party Votes % Change Seats Change
European People's Party / European Democrats (EPP-ED)50,007,36832.3-268-
Party of European Socialists (PES)38,824,14025.0-199-
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE)16,935,21110.9-88-
Greens/European Free Alliance (G/EFA)10,210,0616.6-42-
Confederal Group of the European United Left / Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL)9,365,0766.0-42-
Independence and Democracy (ID)8,007,8545.2-38-
Union for a Europe of Nations (UEN)5,837,4383.8-27-
Far-Right Parties5,261,6143.4-13-
Non-Affiliated Parties10,569,1826.8-15-
'Total155,017,943--732'

[edit] National results

Party
Country
EPPED PES ELDR Greens/
EFA
EUL/
NGL
UEN EDD others6 seats percentage of
parliament
turnout
Image:Flag of Austria.svg Austria (details) 6 7 - 2 - - - 2+1 18 2.5% 42.4%

</TR>

Image:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium (details) 4+1+1+1 4+3 3+2 1+1 - - - 3 24 3.3% 90.81%
Image:Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus (details) 2 - 1 - 2 - - 1 6 0.8% 71.19%

</TR>

Image:Flag of the Czech Republic (bordered).svg Czech Republic (details) 9+2 2 - - 6 - - 5 24 3.3% 28.32%
Image:Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark (details) 1 5 3+1 - 1 1 1 1 14 1.9% 47.85%
Image:Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia (details) 1 3 1+1 - - - - - 6 0.8% 26.89%
Image:Flag of Finland (bordered).svg Finland (details) 4 3 4+1 1 1 - - - 14 1.9% 41.1%
Image:Flag of France.svg France (details) 17+11 31 - 6 3 - - 7+3 78 10.7% 43.1%
Image:Flag of Germany.svg Germany (details) 40+9 23 7 13 7 - - - 99 13.5% 43.0%
Image:Flag of Greece.svg Greece (details) 11 8 - - 3+1 - - 1 24 3.3% 62.8%
Image:Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary (details) 12+1 9 2 - - - - - 24 3.3% 38.47%
Image:Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland (details) 5 1 - - 1 4 - 1+1 13 1.8% 61.0%
Image:Flag of Italy.svg Italy (details) 16+5+2
+1+1+1
12+2 5+2
+1+1
2 5+2 9 - 4+2+2
+1+1+1
78 10.7% 73.5%
Image:Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia (details) 2+1 - 1 1 - 4 - - 9 1.2% 41.23%
Image:Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania (details) 2+1 2 2+1 - - - - 5 13 1.8% 48.2%
Image:Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg (details) 3 1 1 1 - - - - 6 0.8% 90.0%
Image:Flag of Malta (bordered).svg Malta (details) 2 3 - - - - - - 5 0.7% 82.37%
Image:Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands (details) 7 7 4+1 2+2 2 - 2 27 3.7% 39.1%
Image:Flag of Poland (bordered).svg Poland (details) 15+4 5+3 4 - - 7 - 10+6 54 7.4% 20.42%
Image:Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal (details) 7 12 - - 2 2 - 1 24 3.3% 38.7%
Image:Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia (details) 3+3+2 3 - - - - - 3 14 1.9% 16.96%
Image:Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia (details) 2+2 1 2 - - - - - 7 1.0% 28.25%
Image:Flag of Spain.svg Spain (details) 24 24 1+1 1+1 2 - - - 54 7.4% 45.1%
Image:Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (details) 4+1 5 2+1 1 2 - - 3 19 2.6% 37.2%
Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom (details) 27+1 19 12 2+1+2 1 - 12 1 78 10.7% 38.9%
total 277
37.8%
198
27.0%
68
9.3%
40
5.5%
39
5.3%
27
3.7%
15
2.0%
68
9.3%
732 100.0% 45.5%

1 Due to calculation used to determine number of seats awarded to a party, the percentage of the vote will not exactly match the number of seats
6Includes parties which belong to Non-Attached group as well as newly elected parties which have not yet been able to select their grouping. May include more than one party and seats obtained will not be directly comparable with the party results shown.

Final results are also available from the official EU website.

[edit] New parties in the 2004 election

Image:Verkiezingen1.JPG
Voting in the election, in the Netherlands

[edit] Political group reshuffle after the 2004 election

[edit] Other elections

Image:ElezioneBrunate.jpg
a poster for the European Parliament election 2004 in Italy, showing party lists

The elections coincided with legislative elections in Luxembourg and presidential elections in Lithuania. They also coincided with local and regional elections in England and Wales, Irish local elections, regional elections in Belgium, local or regional elections in most of Italy, and state parliament elections in the German state of Thuringia.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] Results

[edit] European Election information sites

[edit] Candidates

et:2004. aasta Euroopa Parlamendi valimised es:Parlamento Europeo 2004 fr:élections européennes 2004 hu:Európai parlamenti választások, 2004 nl:Europese verkiezingen 2004 sv:Europaparlamentsvalet 2004 pl:Wybory do Parlamentu Europejskiego (2004)

European Parliament election, 2004

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