European Parliament election, 2004
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Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. Votes were counted as the polls closed, but results were not announced until 13 June and 14 so results from one country would not influence voters in another where polls were still open; however, the Netherlands, voting on Thursday 10, announced nearly-complete provisional results as soon as they were counted, on the evening of its election day, a move heavily criticized by the European Commission.
Approximately 343,657,800 people were eligible to vote, the second-largest democratic electorate in the world after India. It was the biggest transnational direct election in history, and the 10 new member states elected MEPs for the first time. The new Parliament consists of 732 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). Voting was in most cases by proportional voting for party lists, using the D'Hondt method for calculating the number of seats to be allocated to each party's candidate list. The Republic of Ireland and Malta used the Single Transferable Vote (STV) instead. In Italy open lists are used. In the United Kingdom, closed lists are used in England, Wales and Scotland but STV is used in Northern Ireland.
Results overall show a general defeat of governing parties and an increase in representatives from eurosceptic parties. However, the balance of power in the Parliament remains similar despite the 10 new member states.
|Netherlands, United Kingdom|
|Czech Republic, Ireland|
|Czech Republic, Italy, Latvia, Malta|
| Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark,|
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden
 At a glance
|original groupings||EPP–ED||PES||ELDR||Greens/ EFA||EUL/ NGL||UEN||EDD||others6||total|
|before 2004 enlargement||232||175||52||45||49||23||17||32||625|
|after 2004 enlargement; outgoing||295|
|immediately after election||277|
|after grouping shuffle (20 July, first day reconvening)||268||199||88||42||41||27||33||33||731|
|new groupings||EPP–ED||PES||ALDE||Greens/ EFA||EUL/ NGL||UEN||ID||N.I.||total|
 Vote summary by EU Party
Registered voters: 352,430,455
Votes cast: 155,017,943 (43.99%)
|European Parliament election, 2004|
|Party||Seats||Gains||Losses||Net Gain/Loss||Seats %||Votes %||Votes||+/-|
|IND/DEM group parties||38||5.2||5.2||8,007,854|
|ED subgroup parties||37||5.1||3.3||5,188,189|
Note: These figures have been compiled by adding together national party vote figures listed on the wikipedia site and elsewhere. Where alliances are present between members of different EU poltiical parties, the votes have been divided between those list in proportion to the number of MEPs elected for each EU political party.
 Votes by political group
|European People's Party / European Democrats (EPP-ED)||50,007,368||32.3||-||268||-|
|Party of European Socialists (PES)||38,824,140||25.0||-||199||-|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE)||16,935,211||10.9||-||88||-|
|Greens/European Free Alliance (G/EFA)||10,210,061||6.6||-||42||-|
|Confederal Group of the European United Left / Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL)||9,365,076||6.0||-||42||-|
|Independence and Democracy (ID)||8,007,854||5.2||-||38||-|
|Union for a Europe of Nations (UEN)||5,837,438||3.8||-||27||-|
 National results
1 Due to calculation used to determine number of seats awarded to a party, the percentage of the vote will not exactly match the number of seats
6Includes parties which belong to Non-Attached group as well as newly elected parties which have not yet been able to select their grouping. May include more than one party and seats obtained will not be directly comparable with the party results shown.
Final results are also available from the official EU website.
 New parties in the 2004 election
- In the United Kingdom, RESPECT The Unity Coalition was established to fight this election with the intention to use it as a springboard for a campaign against Tony Blair's government. The English Democrats Party appear in England for the first time in 5 of the 9 English Constituencies, campaigning for an English Parliament and anti English 'European' regions.
- A European Union-wide political party, the European Greens, was established in Rome on 21 February 2004 to contest this election.
- Swedish Junilistan (the June list) formed early in the year, meant to provide social democratic and right wing voters a EU sceptic alternative.
 Political group reshuffle after the 2004 election
- Liberals: The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party created a new grouping by allying with MEPs from the French party Union for French Democracy (previously part of the EPP-ED), the Margherita Party (Italy) (previously part of the EPP-ED), other Italian members, the Lithuanian Labour Party and the Belgian MR-MCC (previously EPP-ED). The new allies formed the EDP and a new combined group, between the ELDR and the EDP, was formed with the name ALDE: the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
- Eurosceptics: Sweden's Junilistan, the pro-life League of Polish Families, and the French Combats Souverainistes joined the existing Europe of Democracies and Diversities group, which already includes the United Kingdom Independence Party. The group renamed itself Independence and Democracy (ID).
 Other elections
The elections coincided with legislative elections in Luxembourg and presidential elections in Lithuania. They also coincided with local and regional elections in England and Wales, Irish local elections, regional elections in Belgium, local or regional elections in most of Italy, and state parliament elections in the German state of Thuringia.
 See also
 External links
- European Union's site for the European Parliament election, covering all of the European Union
- National Information offices and national election web sites
- Election days in the 25 countries
- Czech Republic and the European Parliament elections 2004
- BBC News: EU-wide results
- Guardian: results in the United Kingdom
- Irish results from RTE
- Polish official results
- Full Danish official results
 European Election information sites
- Europe: Great Resource on the European Election 2004
- Ireland: European Parliament Office in Ireland election information
- UK: EuropeCounts.org.uk - Official UK European Elections Website
- Information from the Finnish Justice Ministry on the election
- attendance and voting records; software patents (see article software patent) and environment issues (see articles green/environment issues) collect data on how MEPs voted, in order that the electorate may have a better idea on how to vote on them.
- European Election Studies www.europeanelectionstudies.net
- See German version of this article for the German and Austrian candidatesde:Europawahl 2004
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