Ethnic Russian music

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Music of Russia
Genres classicalfolkpsytrancepophip hoprock
History (Timeline and Samples)
Awards MTV Russia Music Awards
Festivals Bard Music Festival
National anthem "Hymn of the Russian Federation"
Regional music
AdygeaAltai - Astrakhan - BashkortostanBuryatiaChechnyaChukotkaChuvashiaDagestanEvenkia - IngushetiaIrkutskKaliningradKalmykiaKamchatkaKareliaKhakassiaKhantia-Mansia - Komi Republic - KrasnodarMari ElMordoviaNenetsiaOssetiaRostovEthnic RussianSakhaSakhalinTatarstanTuvaUdmurtia

Carnival in Petrograd in about 1919

Ethnic Russian music includes many varieties of folk, popular and classical traditions. Ethnic music is especially associated with classical styles of ballet and opera, of which composers like Mikhail Glinka, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Igor Stravinsky and the members of The Mighty Handful are among the most well-known. Late in the 19th century, elements of Russian folk music (such as the balalaika) began to be used in orchestras, beginning with a Russian folk instrument orchestra led by Vasily Andreyev.

In the 20th century, operatic singers like Fyodor Shalyapin were popular in the first few decades. During the Soviet era, music in the USSR was tightly restricted. Singing ethnomusicologists like Vyacheslav Shchurov gained some renown, as did bards like Vladimir Vysotsky and rock bands like Pojuschie Gitary.

Among the most popular singers of Russian folk music in the modern era are Nadezhda Kadysheva, Zhanna Bichevskaya and the rock-oriented Boris Grebenshchikov, leader of Aquarium (who went through a folk-music phase in the early 1990s).


[edit] Traditional instruments

[edit] String

  • Balalaika - three-stringed, triangular sound-board, played with the fingers. Comes in many different sizes. Two of the strings are tuned alike in prima, secunda and alto balalaikas.
  • Domra - small three-or-four-stringed lute with a rounded soundboard, plucked or strummed with a plectum.
  • Donsloy Ryley - a Russian hurdy-gurdy with an oval body and an attached triangular keybox.
  • Gudok - a three-stringed, pear-shaped Russian bowed instrument which is usually held vertically.
  • Gusli - one of the oldest known Russian musical instruments, described by the Greeks as early as the 6th century CE. Many different versions of this plucked string instrument exist.
  • Kolyosnaya Lira - Russian hurdy-gurdy with a violin body.
  • Semistrunnaya Gitara (Semistrunka) - a seven string version of the acoustic guitar with its own unique open G major tuning.

[edit] Wind

[edit] Percussion

[edit] Further reading

  • Maes, Francis, translated by Arnold and Erica Pomerans (2001). A History of Russian Music: From Kamarinskaya to Babi Yar. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21815-9.
  • Abraham, Gerald E. (1988). Studies in Russian Music. Reprint Servies Corp. ISBN 0-317-90761-1.
  • Ralston, W. R. (1970). Songs of the Russian People: As Illustrative of Slavonic Mythology and Russian Social Life (Studies in Music, No 42). Haskell House Pub Ltd. ISBN 0-8383-1224-1.
  • Veryat, I. (1994). Russian Songs: Text in Romanized Russian, English, and Music. Aspasia. ISBN 1-882427-23-8.
  • Abraham, Gerald E. (1976). On Russian Music. Scholarly PR. ISBN 0-403-03757-3.
  • Ho, Allan and Dmitry Feofanov (eds.) (1989). Biographical Dictionary of Russian/Soviet Composers. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24485-5.

[edit] External links

Ethnic Russian music

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