Ethnic Russian music
Learn more about Ethnic Russian music
|Music of Russia|
|Genres||classical — folk — psytrance — pop — hip hop — rock|
|History (Timeline and Samples)|
|Awards||MTV Russia Music Awards|
|Festivals||Bard Music Festival|
|National anthem||"Hymn of the Russian Federation"|
|Adygea — Altai - Astrakhan - Bashkortostan — Buryatia — Chechnya — Chukotka — Chuvashia — Dagestan — Evenkia - Ingushetia — Irkutsk — Kaliningrad — Kalmykia — Kamchatka — Karelia — Khakassia — Khantia-Mansia - Komi Republic - Krasnodar — Mari El — Mordovia — Nenetsia — Ossetia — Rostov — Ethnic Russian — Sakha — Sakhalin — Tatarstan — Tuva — Udmurtia|
Ethnic Russian music includes many varieties of folk, popular and classical traditions. Ethnic music is especially associated with classical styles of ballet and opera, of which composers like Mikhail Glinka, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Igor Stravinsky and the members of The Mighty Handful are among the most well-known. Late in the 19th century, elements of Russian folk music (such as the balalaika) began to be used in orchestras, beginning with a Russian folk instrument orchestra led by Vasily Andreyev.
In the 20th century, operatic singers like Fyodor Shalyapin were popular in the first few decades. During the Soviet era, music in the USSR was tightly restricted. Singing ethnomusicologists like Vyacheslav Shchurov gained some renown, as did bards like Vladimir Vysotsky and rock bands like Pojuschie Gitary.
Among the most popular singers of Russian folk music in the modern era are Nadezhda Kadysheva, Zhanna Bichevskaya and the rock-oriented Boris Grebenshchikov, leader of Aquarium (who went through a folk-music phase in the early 1990s).
 Traditional instruments
- Balalaika - three-stringed, triangular sound-board, played with the fingers. Comes in many different sizes. Two of the strings are tuned alike in prima, secunda and alto balalaikas.
- Domra - small three-or-four-stringed lute with a rounded soundboard, plucked or strummed with a plectum.
- Donsloy Ryley - a Russian hurdy-gurdy with an oval body and an attached triangular keybox.
- Gudok - a three-stringed, pear-shaped Russian bowed instrument which is usually held vertically.
- Gusli - one of the oldest known Russian musical instruments, described by the Greeks as early as the 6th century CE. Many different versions of this plucked string instrument exist.
- Kolyosnaya Lira - Russian hurdy-gurdy with a violin body.
- Semistrunnaya Gitara (Semistrunka) - a seven string version of the acoustic guitar with its own unique open G major tuning.
- Bayan - a chromatic button accordion
- Garmon' - a kind of diatonic Russian button accordion, featuring a unique unisonoric design.
- Kalyuki - a hollow pipe with no additional air holes, used for whistling sounds.
- Kugikli/Kuvikly - simple panpipes
- Rozhok - a Russian folk trumpet (a reed instrument made from birch bark or a cow horn)
- Svirel - Russian flute
- Vladimir Shepherd's Horn - made in Russia's Vladimir Oblast by shepherds who composed melodious calls on it. This horn has a range of two octaves and a very distinctive, idiosyncratic sound.
- Volynka - traditional Slavic bagpipe.
- Zhaleyka - Russian folk clarinet/hornpipe.
- Lozhki - decorated wooden spoons.
- Treshchotki - set of wooden boards on a string that are clapped together as a group.
 Further reading
- Maes, Francis, translated by Arnold and Erica Pomerans (2001). A History of Russian Music: From Kamarinskaya to Babi Yar. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21815-9.
- Abraham, Gerald E. (1988). Studies in Russian Music. Reprint Servies Corp. ISBN 0-317-90761-1.
- Ralston, W. R. (1970). Songs of the Russian People: As Illustrative of Slavonic Mythology and Russian Social Life (Studies in Music, No 42). Haskell House Pub Ltd. ISBN 0-8383-1224-1.
- Veryat, I. (1994). Russian Songs: Text in Romanized Russian, English, and Music. Aspasia. ISBN 1-882427-23-8.
- Abraham, Gerald E. (1976). On Russian Music. Scholarly PR. ISBN 0-403-03757-3.
- Ho, Allan and Dmitry Feofanov (eds.) (1989). Biographical Dictionary of Russian/Soviet Composers. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24485-5.
 External links
- Barynya - mp3s of Russian folk songs and detailed descriptions and photographs of most Russian folk instruments. You can also buy Russian instruments here.
- Russian folk songs
- List of Russian/Central Asian folk music CDs
- Golosá: Russian Folk Choir of the University of Chicago
- Official Website of the Osipov State Russian Folk Orchestra (in Russian) - one of Russia's leading folk orchestras with about 80 members. Some mp3 clips can be downloaded.
- Folk Music from Western Russia
- Russian folk music